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International scientific and practical law journal Eurasian Journal of International Law

SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES № 6 (7) 2013

Historical experience
Yerofeev K.B.
Image of the advocate in the Soviet cinema: continuation
Purpose: Consideration of an image of advocate in the Soviet cinema.
Methodology: The author applied a historical and legal method and a method of the kultorological analysis.
Results: In article earlier begun author’s research of a question of an image of advocate in the Soviet cinema was continued. On the basis of the analysis of images of advocates as cinema characters in movies of the Soviet era in comparison to historical stages of development of the organization of domestic advocacy profession a question of transformation of the relation of the state and society to a profession of advocate and procedure of criminal trial was considered.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has a scientific value as contains the researches based on an original method and the author’s generalizations possessing scientific novelty aimed at the development of theoretical regulations on relationship of advocacy profession and the state.
Keywords: advocate, an image of advocate in a cinema, advocacy and the state, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
1. Erofeev K.B. Obraz advokata v sovetskom kinematografe // Evraziyskaya advokatura. – 2013. – № 2 (3). – S. 20–22.
2. Zverev I. Zaschitnik Sedov. Povesti, rasskazy, publitsistika. — M.: Sovetskiy pisatel#, 1990.
3. Tendryakov V. F. Sobranie sochineniy v chetyrekh tomakh. M., 1978–1980.
4. Utevskiy B. Vospominaniya yurista. Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1989. – S. 123.

PRO BLEMS OF OR GANIZATION AND Advocacy PRO FESSION FUNCTIONING
Shakirov T.R.
International standards of independence and accountability of advocates
Objective: The review of the content of the international legal framework establishing standards of the independence and accountability of advocates.
Methodology: The author used the comparative legal method, the formal legalistic method, the method of participant observation.
Results: In this paper, based on the study of a wide range of international legal instruments and jurisprudence, it is substantiated that international standards of the organization of the advocacy profession contain a reference to the basic principles that should be adhered to in order to ensure the independence and integrity of the advocacy profession. The independence of is a fundamental principle, which ensures that the advocates, along with other citizens, enjoy all the rights including the right to establishing and maintaining independent, self-governing advocates associations. An important element of independence is ensuring that access to the profession is provided solely based on such criteria as knowledge, professional training, and skills. Codes of ethics should be adopted by advocates themselves or through legal acts developed with the participation of the representatives of the advocacy profession, while the system of disciplinary proceedings should aim to maintain professional standards of the advocacy profession and to ensure that the advocates act exclusively in the interests of their clients. States have an obligation to create the conditions in which advocates are able to perform their professional duties and functions, and to ensure the protection of their role and rights.
Novelty/originality/value: The paper is of the scientific value as it contains generalizations and conclusions significant for the legal regulation of advocates activity.
Keywords: advocacy profession, advocate, independence of advocates, international law, International Commission of Jurists, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, bar.
References
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2. Barthold v. Germany, ESPCh, zhaloba № 8734/79, postanovlenie ot 25 marta 1985 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.lawmix.ru/vas/64763; http://echr.ketse.com/doc/8734.79-en-19850325/
3. Bigaeva v. Greece, ESPCh, zhaloba № 26713/05, postanovlenie ot 28 maya 2009 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://sim.law.uu.nl/sim/caselaw/Hof.nsf/1d4d0dd240bfee7ec12568490035df05/05ed6d420dac0c7fc12575c10037857c?OpenDocument
4. Malone v United Kingdom, ESPCh, zhaloba № 8619/79, postanovlenie ot 2 avgusta 1984 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL:http://sixthformlaw.info/06_misc/cases/malone_v_uk.htm
5. Oleksandr Volkov v. Ukraine, ESPCh, zhaloba № 55480/00, postanovlenie ot 9 yanvarya 2013 g., p. 166. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/sites/eng/pages/search.aspx?i=001-115871#{«itemid»:[«001-115871»]}
6. Osman v UK. zhaloba № 23452/94, postanovlenie ot 28 oktyabrya 1998 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://citationstylist.org/wp-content/uploads/case-9.pdf
7. Ozpinar v Turkey, ESPCh, zhaloba № 20999/04, p. 43–48, postanovlenie ot 19 oktyabrya 2010 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL:http://echr.ketse.com/doc/20999.04-en-20101019/
8. Pfeifer v. Austria, ESPCh, zhaloba № 12556/03, postanovlenie ot 15 noyabrya 2007 g., p. 35. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL:http://sim.law.uu.nl/sim/caselaw/Hof.nsf/1d4d0dd240bfee7ec12568490035df05/b4d7f7b644c92aacc12573910034a5a0?OpenDocument
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11. Distsiplinarnoe proizvodstvo v otnoshenii advokatov v stranakh SNG: analiz mezhdunarodnogo prava i standartov, 19 iyunya 2013 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.icj.org/disciplinary-action-against-lawyers-in-cis-countries-analysis-of-international-law-and-standards
12. Doklad Spetsial#nogo dokladchika po voprosu nezavisimosti sudey i advokatov, 28 iyulya 2009 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.lawtrend.org/ru/data/761/
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17. Konventsiya OON protiv pytok i drugikh zhestokikh, beschelovechnykh ili unizhayuschikh dostoinstvo vidov obrascheniya i nakazaniya. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/torture.shtml.
18. Kyrgyzskaya Respublika: pravitel#stvo dolzhno prinyat# srochnye mery dlya prekrascheniya napadeniy na advokatov, 21 avgusta 2013 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.icj.org/kyrgyz-republic-government-must-take-urgent-measures-to-end-attacks-on-lawyers.
19. Mezhdunarodnaya assotsiatsiya advokatov (IBA), Mezhdunarodnye printsipy povedeniya yuridicheskoy professii, prinyaty 28 maya 2011 g. Advokatskaya deyatel#nost# i advokatura: Sbornik normativnykh aktov i dokumentov / Pod obsch. red. E.V. Semenyako, Yu.S. Pilipenko. – M.: Inform-Pravo, 2010.
20. Mezhdunarodnaya assotsiatsiya advokatov (IBA). Rukovodstvo po sozdaniyu i primeneniyu protsedur ob-zhalovaniya i privlecheniya k distsiplinarnoy otvetstven-nosti [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.ibanet.org/Document/Default.aspx?DocumentUid=2A17AA40-79A9-4B99-90A6-D0A7825FD76F.
21. Mezhdunarodnaya komissiya yuristov. Distsiplinarnoe proizvodstvo v otnoshenii advokatov v stranakh SNG: analiz mezhdunarodnogo prava i standartov. 19 iyunya 2013 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://icj.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/CIS-icj-opinion-lawyers-discipline-law-advocacy-analysis-brief-2013-rus.pdf.
22. Mezhdunarodnaya komissiya yuristov. Kongress v N#yu-Deli (1959 g.). [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.icj.org.
23. Mezhdunarodnaya komissiya yuristov. Pravo na sredstva pravovoy zaschity i na vozmeschenie uscherba, prichinennogo grubymi narusheniyami prav cheloveka: Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/ReparationsProgrammesRU.pdf.
24. Mezhdunarodnyy Pakt o Grazhdanskikh i Politi-cheskikh Pravakh. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31252111.
25. Mirzoev G.B. Na puti k spravedlivomu pravosudiyu, ili o reformirovanii pravovoy sistemy // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2013. – № 1 (28). – S. 5–9.
26. Nezavisimost# yuridicheskoy professii v Tsentral#noy Azii, 10 sentyabrya 2013 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://icj.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Independence-of-the-Legal-Profession-in-CA-Eng.pdf.
27. Nowak M. Commentary on the U.N. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Kehl: N.P.Engel Verlag, 2005. P.  – 383, 384.
28. Osnovnye printsipy, kasayuschiesya roli yuristov (prinyaty vos#mym Kongressom OON po preduprezhdeniyu prestupnosti i obrascheniyu s pravonarushitelyami, Gavana, 27 avgusta - 7 sentyabrya 1990 g.) // Sobranie mezhdunarodnykh dokumentov «Prava cheloveka i sudoproizvodstvo». – M., 2002.
29. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo № 1. Mezhdunarodnye printsipy nezavisimosti i podotchetnosti sudey, advokatov i prokurorov [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://icj.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/International-Printsips-onthe-Independence-and-Accountability-of-Judges-Lawyers-and-Procecutors-No.1-Practitioners-Guide-2009-Eng.pdf.
30. Proekt vseobschey deklaratsii o nezavisimosti pravosudiya (Deklaratsiya Singvi). [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.slideshare.net/CommitteeRight/ss-5931034.
31. Ragulin A.V. Reglamentatsiya i realizatsiya professional#nogo prava advokata-zaschitnika na soblyudenie osobogo poryadka ugolovnogo presledovaniya // Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal. № 1 (56), 2013. – S. 139–142.
32. Ragulin A.V. Problemy reglamentatsii prava advokata-zaschitnika na zayavlenie vozrazheniy protiv deystviy predsedatel#stvuyuschego // Uchenye trudy rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2012. – № 3 (26). – S. 21–24.
33. Ragulin A.V. Pravo advokata-zaschitnika na privlechenie spetsialista: problemy realizatsii i puti ikh resheniya // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta imeni V.N. Tatischeva. – 2012. – № 2 (76). – S. 57–66.
34. Ragulin A.V. Pravo advokata-zaschitnika trebovat# zapreta na vmeshatel#stvo v advokatskuyu deyatel#nost# libo prepyatstvovanie ey kakim by to ni bylo obrazom: problemy zakonodatel#noy reglamentatsii i prakticheskoy realizatsii // Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal – 2012. – № 4 (47). – S. 136–143.
35. Ragulin A.V. Problemnye voprosy pravovoy reglamentatsii i realizatsii professional#nogo prava advokata-zaschitnika na obzhalovanie deystviy (bezdeystviya) dolzhnostnykh lits gosudarstvennykh organov, osuschestvlyayuschikh proizvodstvo po ugolovnomu delu // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2012. – № 3 (31). Mart. – S. 202–217.
36. Ragulin A.V. Reglamentatsiya professional#nykh prav advokata-zaschitnika i ikh obespecheniya po zakonodatel#stvu Respubliki Turkmenistan // Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal – 2012. – № 2 (45). – S. 124–126.
37. Rekomendatsiya № R (2000) 21 Komiteta ministrov Soveta Evropy «O svobode osuschestvleniya professii advokata» // Sobranie mezhdunarodnykh dokumentov «Prava cheloveka i sudoproizvodstvo». - M., 2002.
38. SNG: analiz mezhdunarodnogo prava i standartov [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://icj wpengine netdna-cdn com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/icj_opinion_lawyers_discipline_law_ENG pdf.
39. Kharakter obschego yuridicheskogo obyazatel#stva, nalagaemogo na gosudarstva – uchastniki Pakta, CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add. 13, 26 maya 2004 g. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/russian/gencomm/Rhrcom31.html.

PRO BLEMS OF OR GANIZATION AND Advocacy PRO FESSION FUNCTIONING
Kudryavtsev V.L.
Protection in the mechanism of purpose in criminal justice of Russian Federation
Purpose: Consideration of a question of protection in the mechanism of purpose of criminal justice of Russian Federation.
Methodology: The author applied a formal-legal method and a method of theoretical modeling.
Results: It is proved that in Part 1 of Article 6 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, «The purpose of criminal proceedings», «protection» is used as the constitutional-legal category, as well as the fact that the power to achieve the purpose of the criminal proceedings have competent state bodies and their officials person and the court, the same participants in criminal proceedings as a advocate-defender, exercise their rights through their actions and decisions, and thereby contribute to the purpose of criminal proceedings. In this context deals with the right of advocate – defender to collect evidence and to challenge the admissibility of the properties give them as a means of protection in the mechanism of purpose of criminal proceedings.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the important scientific value as contains possessing scientific novelty author’s generalizations and conclusions aimed at the development of theoretical regulations on purpose of criminal justice.
Keywords: criminal justice, the purpose of criminal proceedings, defense, advocate – defender, to collect evidence, admissibility of evidence, the legal position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocate, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
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2. Baev M.O. Ugolovno-protsessual#noe issledovanie prestupleniy i zaschita ot obvineniya kak ego element (suschnost# i ponyatiya) // Federal#noe zakonodatel#stvo ob advokature: praktika primeneniya i problemy sovershenstvovaniya: Materialy Mezhdunarod. nauch.-praktich. konferentsii. Ekaterinburg, 13 iyulya 2004 g. – Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural#skogo un-ta, 2004. – S. 37–38.
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4. Vestnik Federal#noy palaty advokatov RF. – 2004. – № 2. – S. 63–66.
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PRO BLEMS OF OR GANIZATION AND Advocacy PRO FESSION FUNCTIONING
Kantyukova I.T.
To a question of improvement of provisions of the Russian legislation of legal status of the assistant and the trainee of the advocate
Purpose: Consideration of a legal regulation of institutes of the trainee and the paralegal assistant of advocate for establishment of accurate distinctions between these persons and development of suggestions for improvement of provisions of the current legislation about advocate’s activity and advocacy profession.
Methodology: The formal-legal method, method of the included supervision, method of theoretical modeling were used.
Results: The author comes to a conclusion that the main differences between trainee of the advocate from the paralegal assistant consist in requirements to an education level, work term in the corresponding quality and in functional purpose of their activity. As a result of consideration of these provisions the conclusion that the trainee of advocate is the person passable inservice and theoretical training under the direction of the advocate for receiving professional experience, necessary for independent implementation of advocate activity is formulated. The paralegal assistant is the person promoting implementation of professional activity of the advocate, carrying out his personal errands.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts in a complex to consider distinctions in legal status of the trainee and the paralegal assistant of advocate. It contains scientific and reasonable suggestions for improvement of provisions of the Russian legislation about advocate`s activity and advocacy profession.
Keywords: trainee of the advocate, paralegal assistant, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocate, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
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4. Primernoe polozhenie o prokhozhdenii stazhirovki litsami pretenduyuschimi na priobretenie statusa advokata [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:URL: http://advpalata-rt.ru/?action=showdocument&documentid=36
5. Polozhenie o pomoschnike advokata Palaty advokatov Nizhegorodskoy oblasti (utverzhdeno Resheniem Soveta palaty ot 10 fevralya 2003 goda (s izmeneniyami ot 06.04.2011 g.). [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://apno.ru/content/view/1216/90
6. Polozhenie o pomoschnike advokata [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://apno.ru/content/view/57/16
7. Polozhenie o poryadke prokhozhdeniya stazhirovki v advokatskikh obrazovaniyakh Advokatskoy palaty respubliki Bashkortostan [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://ap-rb.ru/page/for_pretendents/polozenie.html.
8. Polozhenie o stazhere advokata i poryadke prokhozhdeniya stazhirovki [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://primadvokat.ru/2004/07/22/polozhenie-o-stazhere-advokata-i-poryadke-proxozhdeniya-stazhirovki.
9. Polozhenie o stazhere advokata i poryadke prokhozhdeniya stazhirovki [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.advokat35.ru/dokumentyi/polozhenie-o-stazhere-advokata.
10. Polozhenie o stazherakh i pomoschnikakh advokata Advokatskoy Palaty Respubliki Khakasiya [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.advrh.ru/normativnye-akty/dokumenty-ap-rkh/134-polozhenie-o-stazherakh-i-pomoshchnikakh-advokata.
11. Polozhenie o stazhere advokata i poryadke prokhozhdeniya stazhirovki [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.apbo32.ru/norma.html
12. Polozhenie o stazhere advokata i poryadke pro-khozhdeniya stazhirovki [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.apspb.ru/info_adv.php.
13. Polozhenie o stazhere [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.orenadvpalata.ru/dokumenty-ap-oo/24-dokumenty-apoo.html.
14. Slovar# Ozhegova tolkovyy slovar# russkogo yazyka [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.ozhegov.org/words/25371.shtml
15. Slovar# Ozhegova tolkovyy slovar# russkogo yazyka [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.ozhegov.org/words/34305.shtml 16
16. Slovar# Ozhegova tolkovyy slovar# russkogo yazyka [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:URL: http://www.ozhegov.org/words/34306.shtml
17. Edinaya metodika professional#noy podgotovki i perepodgotovki advokatov i stazherov advokatov (Utverzhdena resheniem Soveta FPA RF ot 30 noyabrya 2007 goda (protokol № 3) // Advokatskaya deyatel#nost# i advokatura: Sbornik normativnykh aktov i dokumentov / Pod obsch. red. E.V. Semenyako, Yu.S. Pilipenko. – M.: Inform-Pravo, 2010. – S. 623.
18. Lubshev Yu.F. Kurs advokatskogo prava: Uchebnik. – 2-e izd. – M.: OOO «Profobrazovanie», 2004. – S. 234.
19. Ragulin A.V., Shaykhullin M.S. Sovremennye problemy i tendentsii professional#nogo razvitiya advokata // Evraziyskaya advokatura. – 2013. – № 5(6). – S. 45–47.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Pozdnyakova E.A.
The theory and practice of realization of the rights and duties of the person acting as the representative by power of attorney
Цель
: Рассмотрение ряда проблемных вопросов, связанных с деятельностью представителя стороны в гражданском процессе, при оформлении его полномочий путем выдачи доверенности.
Методология: Автором применялись формально-юридический метод, метод изучения документов и метод включенного наблюдения.
Результаты: В статье приведено понятие доверенности, формулируется перечень полномочий, обычно указываемых в доверенности, обозначаются требования к ее составлению, рассмотрены проблемные вопросы передоверия полномочий, исследованы особенности оформления доверенности, выданной на представительство интересов работника, обозначены проблемы, связанные со злоупотреблением полномочиями со стороны представителя, и сформулированы основные подходы к их разрешению.
Новизна/оригинальность/ценность: Статья имеет высокую научную и практическую ценность, поскольку содержит обладающие научной новизной авторские обобщения, выводы и практические предложения, которые могут быть использованы в адвокатской деятельности.
Ключевые слова: доверенность, полномочия представителя, реализация полномочий, возврат доверенности доверителю.
References
1. Boykov A.D. Problemy sudebnogo predstavitel#stva i advokatura // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2011. – № 4. – S. 5–11.
2. Luk#yantsev A.A., Burov V.S. Protsessual#naya doverennost#: trebovanie protsessual#nykh reglamentov // Advokat. – 2011. – № 1. – S. 15–18.
3. Minnigulova D.B. Primenenie analogii zakona v regulirovanii gosudarstvennoy grazhdanskoy sluzhby // Gosudarstvennaya vlast# i mestnoe samoupravlenie. – 2010. – № 8. – S. 17–22.
4. Pozdnyakova E.A. Ustanovlenie lichnosti i proverka pravomochiy uchastnikov sdelki pri registratsii zaloga nedvizhimogo imuschestva kak obyazannosti organov, osuschestvlyayuschikh gosudarstvennuyu registratsiyu prav na nedvizhimoe imuschestvo i sdelok s nim // Aktual#nye problemy realizatsii Osnov gosudarstvennoy politiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii v sfere razvitiya pravovoy gramotnosti i pravosoznaniya grazhdan: Sbornik nauchnykh statey. – Vyp. 20. – M., 2012. – S. 306–312.

PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATe
Zakomoldin A.V.
Advocate’s secret and realization of the right to the qualified legal aid in criminal procedure of Russia
Purpose: Consideration of advocate’s secret as implementers of the right to a legal aid by criminal cases production
Methodology: The author applied formal-legal and comparative-legal methods.
Results: In article features of realization of advocate’s secret are investigated and possibility of its violation for the good of public concerns is considered. It is established that the advocate’s secret is the particular legal regime which contents is the ban on illegal receiving and use by the third parties of any data connected with rendering by the advocate of a legal aid to the principal, and also a ban on a misuse of these data contrary to will of his
committed crime is inadmissible under no circumstances, and the decision on disclosure of data on a preparing crime to the advocate should be made on the basis of own moral and ethical ideas of a measure of the due.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has a certain scientific value as contains author’s generalizations possessing scientific novelty.
Keywords: advocate’s secret, the qualified legal aid, protection, criminal procedure, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocate, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
1. Burobin V.N., Pletnev V.Yu., Shubin D.A. Advokatskaya tayna / Pod red. V.N. Burobina. – M.: Statut, 2006.
2. Kuznetsov A.V. Osnovnye napravleniya razvitiya pravovogo regulirovaniya instituta advokatskoy tayny v Rossiyskoy Federatsii // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2012. – № 1 (29). – S. 176–185.
3. Kuznetsov A.V. Osobennosti i predely ogranicheniya advokatskoy tayny v Rossii (sravnitel#nopravovoy opyt SShA, Frantsii, Germanii) // Ekonomika i pravo. XXI vek. – 2012. – № 1. – S. 184–193.
4. Pilipenko Yu.S. Otechestvennaya doktrina ob absolyutnosti ili otnositel#nosti advokatskoy tayny // Advokatskaya praktika. – 2009. – № 6. – S. 16–22.
5. Pshukov A.M. Advokatskaya tayna: Dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. – M., 2008. – S. 8.
6. Ragulin A.V. K voprosu o neobkhodimosti usileniya garantiy nezavisimosti advokata i sokhraneniya advokatskoy tayny // Uchenye trudy rossiyskoy akademii advokatury. – 2008. – № 3 (8). – S. 10–15.
7. Ragulin A.V. O prave advokata-zaschitnika otkazyvat# v predostavlenii svedeniy, svyazannykh s okazaniem yuridicheskoy pomoschi // Advokatskaya praktika. – 2012. – № 3. – S. 36–39.
8. Reznik G.M. K voprosu o konstitutsionnosti soderzhaniya ponyatiya «kvalifitsirovannaya yuridicheskaya pomosch#» // Advokat. – 2007. – № 4. – S. 26.
9. Taran A.S. Advokatskaya tayna i interesy obschestva // Vestnik Samarskoy gumanitarnoy akademii. – 2005. – № 2. – S. 156–157. – (Pravo).

PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND DISCIPLINARY RESPONSIBILITY OF ADVO CATe
Stepanova A.V.
Ethics and morals problems in activity of advocate (on the example of activity of advocate A.I. Urusov)
Purpose: Consideration of problems of value of ethics and morals for activity of advocate on the example of activity of advocate A.I. Urusov.
Methodology: The author applied a historical-legal method and a method of the analysis of biographic data.
Results: In article on the basis of the analysis of the facts from the biography of known Russian advocate A.I. Urusov (02.04.1843–16.07.1900) the conclusion that realization of the importance of a profession of advocate is directly connected with the general condition of freedom and legality in the state is formulated. Thus, the state and civil society has to be interested in advocacy activity. Also in article the high importance of establishment and observance of ethical standards is proved at the organization and advocacy profession activity.
Novelty/originality/value: Article contains author’s conclusions and the generalizations having the scientific and practical importance for activity of the advocates.
Keywords: advocate, professional honor, personal freedom, morals, corporationism, A.I. Urusov, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocate, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
1. Andreeva A.A. Knyaz# A.I. Urusov. K kharakteristike literatora i cheloveka // Knyaz# Aleksandr Ivanovich Urusov. – M., 1907. – T. 2–3.
2. Koni A.F. Vospominaniya o knyaze A.I. Urusove // Knyaz# Aleksandr Ivanovich Urusov. – S. 195–196.
3. Pravitel#stvennyy vestnik. – 1871. – 13 iyulya. – S. 2–4.
4. Petrov D.V. Pravovye i organizatsionnye aspekty obespecheniya lichnosti i professional#noy deyatel#nosti advokata // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2012. – № 3. – S. 16–20.
5. Pushkin E.A. Vospominaniya o knyaze Urusove // Knyaz# Aleksandr Ivanovich Urusov. – S. 96–97.
6. Ragulin A.V. Osnovnye organizatsionno-pravovye sredstva obespecheniya realizatsii i zaschity professional#nykh prav advokata // Uchenye trudy rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2011. – № 4 (23). – S. 12–17.
7. RGALI, f. 514, op. 1, d. 38.
8. RGALI, f. 514, op. 1, d. 64.
9. RGB RO, f. 311, op. 11, d. 20.
10. RNB RO, f. 311, p. 1, d. 1, l. 12.

PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND DISCIPLINARY RESPONSIBILITY OF ADVO CATe
Sinn A.
Avoiding conflicts of criminal jurisdiction in the European Union: present and future
Purpose: Research of problems of conflicts of criminal jurisdiction in the European Union and development of legal ways on their prevention and permission.
Methodology: The authors used the comparative legal method, the formal legalistic method, the method of participant observation.
Results: In this paper, based on the study of a wide range of international legal instruments and scientific materials, it is substantiated that the Member States of the European Union have agreed to harmonize their criminal law, bringing about a Europeanization of national criminal law. In return, they have promised the citizens of Europe that they will live in an «area of freedom, security, and justice». It should be obvious that this area is not intended to be a first-class lounge for the ideal EU citizen. And we are still a long way from this ideal: even the question of which legal system should apply to a criminal offence that touches multiple Member States has not been adequately addressed. Instead, the EU consists of 27 areas, each representing a courtroom where a court can convict a defendant within the bounds of its own law’s criminal jurisdiction.
Avoiding conflicts of criminal jurisdiction requires a European solution. The Council Framework Decision 2009/948/JHA of 30 November 2009 on prevention and settlement of conflicts of exercise of jurisdiction in criminal proceedings missed a chance to propose a solution that does justice to the idea of a common area. In this article were analyzed the Framework Decision, highlights its weaknesses, and focuses on the actual problem: the criminal jurisdiction statutes of the member states. It proposes two new models of a possible solution that have emerged from a sweeping comparative law project initiated by the author.
Novelty/originality/value: The paper has very high scientific and practical value as it contains author’s offers, generalizations and conclusions significant for avoiding conflicts of criminal jurisdiction in the European Union.
Keywords: European Union, comparative criminal law, comparative criminal procedural law, conflicts of criminal jurisdiction.
Bibliographical list
1. Ambos K., Transnationale Beweiserlangung – 10 Thesen zum Grünbuch der EU--Kommission „Erlangung verwertbarer Beweise in Strafsachen aus einem anderen Mitgliedstaat“, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2010.
2. Ambos K., Internationales Strafrecht, 3. edition, Munich, 2011.
3. Biehler A., Kniebühler R., Lelieur-Fischer J., Stein S. (eds), Freiburg Proposal on Concurrent Jurisdictions and the Prohibition of Mulitiple Prosecutions in the European Union, Freiburg im Breisgau, 2003.
4. Böse M., Meyer F., Die Beschränkung nationaler Strafgewalten als Möglichkeit zur Vermeidung von Jurisdiktionskonflikten in der Europäischen Union, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2011.
5. Bovenschulte B., Rechtliche Probleme der Umsetzung des Prinzips der gegenseitigen Anerkennung von Entscheidungen über Geldstrafen und Geldbußen – Am Beispiel von Verkehrsdelikten im Verhältnis Deutschland und Österreich, Hamburg, 2008.
6. Eser A., Burchard Ch., Interlokales „ne bis in idem“ in Europa? Von „westfälischem“ Souveränitätspathos zu europäischem Gemeinschaftsdenken, in: FS für Jürgen Meyer zum 70. Geburtstag, Derra H.-J. (ed), Baden-Baden, 2006.
7. Fuchs H., Zuständigkeitsordnung und materielles Strafrecht, in: Ein Gesamtkonzept für die europäische Strafrechtspflege, Schünemann B. (ed), Cologne, 2006.
8. Fuchs H., Bemerkungen zur gegenseitigen Anerkennung justizieller Entscheidungen, Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 2004, No. 116.
9. Hecker B., Europäisches Strafrecht, 3rd edition, Heidelberg 2010.
10. Hecker B., Statement: Jurisdiktionskonflikte in der EU, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2011.
11. Heger M., Perspektiven des Europäischen Strafrechts nach dem Vertrag von Lissabon – Eine Durchsicht des (wohl) kommenden EU-Primärrechts vor dem Hintergrund des Lissabon-Urteils des BVerfG vom 30.06.2009, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2009.
12. Kaiafa-Gbandi M., Aktuelle Strafrechtsentwicklung in der EU und rechtsstaatliche Defizite, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2006.
13. Kasper U.W., Die Strafbarkeit von DDR-Geheimdienstmitarbeitern, Monatsschrift für Deutsches Recht, 1994.
14. Lagodny O., Empfiehlt es sich, eine europäische Gerichtskompetenz für Strafgewaltskonflikte vorzusehen? Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums der Justiz, Berlin, March, 2001.
15. Leipziger Kommentar, Strafgesetzbuch (LK), ed von Laufhütte, Rissing-van Saan, Tiedemann, Band 1 (§§ 1–31 StGB), 12th edition, Berlin, 2007.
16. Münchener Kommentar, Strafgesetzbuch (MüKo), ed von Joecks, Miebach, Band 1 (§§ 1–51 StGB), Munich, 2003.
17. Nalewajko P., Grundsatz der gegenseitigen Anerkennung, Eckstein der justiziellen Zusammenarbeit in Strafsachen in der Europäischen Union?, Berlin, 2010.
18. Peers p., Mutual Recognition and Criminal Law in the European Union: Has the Council got it wrong?, Common Market Law Review, 2004.
19. Rekate B., Internationale Projekttagung 2010 „Jurisdiktionskonflikte bei grenzüberschreitender organisierter Kriminalität – ein Rechtsvergleich zum Internationalen Strafrecht“, Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 2010, No. 122.
20. Satzger H., Gefahren für eine effektive Verteidigung im geplanten europäischen Verfahrensrecht – eine kritische Würdigung des Grünbuchs zum strafrechtlichen Schutz der finanziellen Interessen der Europäischen Gemeinschaften und zur Schaffung einer europäischen Staatsanwaltschaft, Strafverteidiger, 2003.
21. Satzger H., Internationales und Europäisches Strafrecht, 4. edition, Baden-Baden, 2010.
22. Schomburg W./Suominen-Picht I., Verbot der mehrfachen Strafverfolgung, Kompetenzkonflikte und Verfahrenstransfer, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, 2012, p. 1190 ff.
23. Schünemann B., Die Grundlagen eines transnationalen Strafrechts, in: Ein Gesamtkonzept für die europäische Strafrechtspflege, B. Schünemann (ed), Cologne 2006.
24. Schünemann B., Europäischer Sicherheitsstaat = europäischer Polizeistaat?, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2007.
25. Schünemann B., Roger B., Die Karawane zur Europäisierung des Strafrechts zieht weiter – Zur demokratischen und rechtsstaatlichen Bresthaftigkeit des EU-Geldsanktionengesetzes, Zeitschrift für Internationale Strafrechtsdogmatik, 2010.
26. Sieber U., Die Zukunft des Europäischen Strafrechts – Ein neuer Ansatz zu den Zielen und Modellen des europäischen Strafrechtssystems, Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 2009, Nr. 121.
27. Sinn A. (ed), Conflicts of jurisdiction in cross-border crime situations. A comparative law study on international criminal law, Göttingen, 2012.
28. Vander Beken T., Vermeulen G., Lagodny O., Kriterien für die jeweils „beste“ Strafgewalt in Europa – Zur Lösung von Strafgewaltskonflikten jenseits eines transnationalen Ne-bis-in-idem, Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht, 2002.
29. Vogel J., Internationales und europдisches ne bis in idem, in: FS fьr Friedrich-Christian Schroeder zum 70. Geburtstag, Hoyer A. et al (eds), Heidelberg, 2006.

PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND DISCIPLINARY RESPONSIBILITY OF ADVO CATe
Grechukha N.M.
Counteraction to illegal merger of the enterprises: economical-legal aspect
Purpose: Consideration of the main economical and legal aspects of counteraction to raiding.
Methodology: The author applied historical-legal and economical-legal method.
Results: In article it is proved that raiding interferes with normal economic development of the Russian society, increase of efficiency of national economy, compromises economic policy of the state, reduces trust
of society to government bodies and undermines authority of Russia on the international scene. The author revealed the concrete factors characterizing public danger of raiding and is noted that the assessment of concrete act as raiding and for fight against it requires application of economical and legal approach.
Novelty/originality/value: The position having scientific novelty about need of use of economical and legal approach to the analysis of a phenomenon of raiding and to a technique of fight against it locates.
Keywords: raiding, economy, policy, state.
References
1. Global corruption report 2004. Transparency international. – 2004. – R. 246, 249.
2. Astakhov P.A. Protivodeystviya reyderskim zakhvatam. – M., 2007. – S. 6
3. Bogatikov A.A., Grachev V.A., Faybusovich K.B. Protivodeystvie protivopravnym pogloscheniyam predpriyatiy v sovremennykh sotsial#no-ekonomicheskikh usloviyakh. – M., 2010.
4. Zyblev VV., Shpakovskiy Yu.G. Bezopasnost# predprinimatel#skoy deyatel#nosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii. – M.: Nauka i obrazovanie, 2007. – S. 42.
5. Stenograficheskiy otchet o soveschanii Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii D.A. Medvedeva po voprosam snizheniya administrativnykh bar#erov dlya sub#ektov malogo i srednego biznesa. 5 avgusta 2009 g., Moskovskaya oblast#, Zvenigorod.
6. Fedorov A.Yu. Sovershenstvovanie Federal#nogo zakona «O gosudarstvennoy registratsii yuridicheskikh lits i individual#nykh predprinimateley» v tselyakh protivodeystviya reyderstvu // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2010. – № 2 (17). – S. 89–97.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Dekhanov S.A.
Claim as universal remedy of protection of the civil rights
Purpose: In article the legal phenomenon of the claim was considered.
Methodology: The author applied a formal-legal method and a method of theoretical modeling.
Results: In article legal properties of the claim are analyzed, classification of claims was given, the concept of the bases of the claim and a subject of action was opened, classification of claims depending on nature of encroachment, depending on body, competent to consider and resolve claims, depending on the procedural purpose, depending on nature of protected interests was investigated. Versions of the interconnected claims are established and their characteristic was given. Provisions of the main theories of an individualization of the claim (the theory of the actual individualization, the theory of a legal individualization, the theory of the mixed juridical-actual individualization) was analyzed. Theoretical questions of change of a subject of action, the basis of the claim, subject structure of the claim was investigated. In article the material and legal and procedural concept of abandonment of claim was considered.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the important scientific value as contains possessing scientific novelty of author’s generalizations and the conclusions aimed at the development of theoretical regulations on the claim as about a universal remedy of protection of the civil rights.
Keywords: claim, classification of claims, subject of action, claim basis.
References
1. Bol#shaya Sovetskaya entsiklopediya. Slovari. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://slovari.yandex.ru/~knigi/BSE/~I/67
2. Dal# V. Tolkovyy slovar# zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka. M., 1880–1882. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://vidahl.agava.ru
3. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar# Brokgauza i Efrona v 82 tt. i 4 dop. tt. — M.: Terra, 2001. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.zipsites.ru/slovari/brokgauz_efron_enc_slovar
4. Gorbunov M.A. Neiskovye sredstva zaschity interesa v sisteme Rimskogo chastnogo prava // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2011. – № 2. – S. 59–65.
5. Dobrovol#skiy A.A., Ivanova S.A. Osnovnye problemy iskovoy formy zaschity prava. – M., 1979. – S. 39.
6. Zheruolis I.A. Ponyatie iska kak protsessual#noy formy zaschity prava // Problemy garantii osuschestvleniya i zaschity prav grazhdan. – Tartu, 1977. – S. 267.
7. Osokina G.L. Isk (teoriya i praktika). – M.: Gorodets, 2000.
8. Sovetskiy grazhdanskiy protsess / Pod red. K.I. Ko-missarova, V.M. Semenova. – M., 1988. – S. 178.

JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Mustafayeva A. Mamedov V.
The medical law– a component of bioethics and the new direction of jurisprudence  politics and Economics of Eurasia
Purpose: Consideration of problems of interrelation of bioethics and medical law as new direction of jurisprudence.
Methodology: Authors applied historical and legal, comparative and legal methods, a formal – legal method, a method of the included supervision, a statistical method.
Results: The conclusion that the prompt growth of number of declarations and the documents of ethical character accepted by National and international professional medical Associations, is accompanied by formation of the medical legislation that, in turn, determines demand growth in the new direction of jurisprudence– the medical law – one of branches of the bioethics, urged to protect human rights in science and medicine is drawn. Key problems of the medical law correspond to the main questions of bioethics. Experiments with people, protection of the rights of patients, problem of abortions, various aspects of treatment of infertility, euthanasia problem, problem of use of genetically modified products, transplantology problems concern to them.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as in it the subject of the medical law in interrelation with bioethics provisions is reasonable, and the main perspective directions of development of legal regulation of medical activity are designated.
Keywords: bioethics, medical law, transplantology, euthanasia, abortions, genetically modified products, infertility treatment, experiments with the person.
References
1. Biomeditsinskaya etika / Pod red. V.I. Pokrovskogo. – M., 1997. – Vyp. 1. – S. 203.
2. Blagaya smert#. Opyt legalizatsii evtanazii v drugikh stranakh [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.rian.ru.
3. Mustafaeva A.I. «Bioetika: syanyadlyare, terminlyar...». – Baky: Elm, 2009.
4. Peresada O., Lebed#ko A. Vspomogatel#nye reproduktivnye tekhnologii: eticheskie i yuridicheskie problemy // Meditsinskie novosti. – 2005. – № 6.
5. Siluyanova I.V. «Vyzov bioetiki segodnya»: Katolicheskiy simpozium po bioetike segodnya // Al#fa i Omega. M., 1998. – № 4 (18).
6. Trineva Ya.O. Ponyatie i perspektivy legalizatsii eytanazii i ortanazii: mnenie advokata // Evraziyskaya advokatura. – 2012. – № 1 (1). – S. 119–128.

JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Bilozir O.V.
Problems of development of legal regulation of freedom of travel of labor within European Union
Purpose: Illumination of the main legal problems of regulation of movement of labor within European Union and search of ways of their decision.
Methodology: It was applied historical and legal, comparative legal methods, formal-legal method.
Results: In article provisions of the main normative legal acts of European Union and materials of the court practice are analyzed, freedoms of travel of labor devoted to regulation and scientific works on this perspective and the existing system of legal regulation of these questions are defined. The conclusion that the main problem which arises at all stages of expansion of EU in connection with labor migration is drawn, there is a problem of a considerable difference in a salary in old and new state members of EU. The author notes that it was authorized to EU member states to limit temporarily free movement of labor from the new states within 5 – 7 years for smoothing and minimization of risks for labor markets in the course of EU expansion.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses a certain scientific and practical value as contains important author’s generalizations and the conclusions connected with an international legal regulation of a labor market in European Union.
Keywords: labor, labor market, freedom of travel, European Union.
References
1. Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.aedh.eu/plugins/fckeditor/userfiles/file/Conventions%20internationales/Community_Charter_of_the_Fundamental_Social_Rights_of_Workers.pdf.
2. Council Directive 1999/70/EC of 28 June 1999 concerning the framework agreement on fixed-term work concluded by ETUC, UNICE and CEEP / OJ L 175, 10.07.1999, p. 43–48.
3. Council Directive 91/533/EEC of 14 October 1991 on an employer’s obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to the contract or employment relationship // Official Journal L 288, 18.10.1991. – P. 0032–0035.
4. Council Directive 97/81/EC of 15 December 1997 concerning the Framework Agreement on part-time work concluded by UNICE, CEEP and the ETUC – Annex: Framework agreement on part-time work / OJ L 14, 20.01.1998, r. 9–14.
5. Deutscher Handballbund eV v Maros Kolpak. – Reference for a preliminary ruling: Oberlandesgericht Hamm – Germany. External relations. – Association Agreement between the Communities and Slovakia. – Article 38(1) – Free movement of workers. – Principle of nondiscrimination. – Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 8 May 2003. – Case C-438/00 // European Court reports, 2003. – P. I-04135.
6. European Parliament and Council Directive 2004/38/EC of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States amending Regulation (EEC) № 1612/68 and repealing Directives 64/221/EEC, 68/360/EEC, 72/194/EEC, 73/148/EEC, 75/34/EEC, 75/35/EEC, 90/364/EEC, 90/365/EEC and 93/96/EEC // Official Journal L 158, 30/4/2004.
7. Free Movement of Persons Within the European Community Cross-Border Access to Public Benefits / A.P. Van der Mei. – Oxford: Portland Oregon, 2003.
8. Igor Simutenkov v Ministerio de Educación y Cultura and Real Federación Española de Fútbol. – Reference for a preliminary ruling: Audiencia Nacional. – Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 12 April 2005. – Case C-265/03 // European Court reports, 2005. – P. I-02579.
9. Jacobs F.G. European Law and the Individual. – North-Holland Publishing Company, 1976. – R. 39–53.
10. Labour mobility within the eu – the impact of enlargment and transitional arrangements [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://niesr.ac.uk/sites/default/files/publications/050811_152043.pdf.
11. Rapport des Chefs de Délégation aux Ministres des Affaires etrangères (1956) pp. 17–18 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.proyectos.cchs.csic.es/euroconstitution/library/historic%20documents/rome/preparation/spaak%20report%20fr.pdf.
12. Roman Angonese v Cassa di Risparmio di Bolzano SpA. Reference for a preliminary ruling: Pretore di Bolzano - Italy. – Freedom of movement for persons – Access to employment – Certificate of bilingualism issued by a local authority – Article 48 of the EC Treaty (now, after amendment, Article 39 EC) – Council Regulation (EEC) № 1612/68. – Judgment of the Court of 6 June 2000. – Case C-281/98 // European Court reports 2000. – P. I-04139.
13. Traité instituant la Communauté Économique Européenne et documents annexes [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:11957E/TXT:FR:PDF.
14. Treaty establishing the EEC – Convention on certain institutions common to the European Communities (Rome, 25 March 1957) // Treaty establishing the European Economic Community and connected documents. – Luxembourg: Publishing Services of the European Communities.
15. Union royale belge des sociétés de football association ASBL v Jean-Marc Bosman. Freedom of movement for workers. Judgment of the Court of 15 December 1995. Case C-415/93 // European Court reports, 1995. – P. I-04921.
16. Watt Andrew. EU Labour Migration Since Enlargement: Trends Impacts and Policies. – Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2013. – R. 5.
17. Galushkin A.A. K voprosu o razvitii regional#nogo zakonodatel#stva v sfere migratsii: organizatsionno-pravovoy aspekt // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2013. – № 1 (41). – С. 128–135.
18. Gusevskiy S.L. Svoboda peredvizheniya lits v usloviyakh rasshireniya Evropeyskogo Soyuza na Vostok: Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. – Kazan#, 2007.
19. Direktiva 2004/38/ES Evropeyskogo Parlamenta i Soveta [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://eulaw.edu.ru/documents/legislation/svob_peredv/svoboda_pered12.htm.
20. Muzhikova N.M., Puzirniy V.F., Seminog L.A. Adaptatsіya sotsіal#noї polіtiki ta trudovogo zakonodavstva Ukraїni do standartіv ЄS: Navch. Posіbnik / Sіvers#kiy іnstitut regіonal#nikh doslіdzhen#. – Chernіgіv: Desnyans#ka pravda, 2007. – S. 122.
21. Tomashevskiy K.L. Printsip svobody dvizheniya rabochey sily v pravovykh istochnikakh Evropeyskogo Soyuza, Soveta Evropy, Sodruzhestve Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv i Evraziyskom ekonomicheskom soobschestve // Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal. – 2009. – № 8 (15).
22. Yarova L.V. Osoblivostі єvropeys#koї sotsіal#noї polіtiki // Vіsnik Derzhavnoї akademії kerіvnikh kadrіv kul#turi і mistetstv. – 2010. – № 2.

EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE
Osin V.V.
Who will protect if the accused and suspected rights of defense are deprived by the advocate elected by them?
Purpose: Consideration of a number of the problem questions connected with discharge of advocates elected clients from conducting their criminal cases.
Methodology: The author applied a formal-legal method, a method of studying of documents and a method of the included supervision.
Results: In article on the basis of the analysis of a number of the interconnected criminal cases, it was shown how the right to judicial protection against an arbitrariness of officials and the right to the appeal guaranteed by the Constitution of Russia in court of actions (or inaction) and decisions of authorities and public officials is ignored by judges of the first, appeal, cassation and supervising instances. The reason of this phenomenon, according to the author, long inaction of the President of Russia on establishment in Russia the Constitution and justice authorities is. Detailed legal justification of illegality of discharge of the elected advocate was also given in article from conducting criminal cases, in relation to concrete criminal case.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the important practical value as contains author’s generalizations possessing scientific novelty, conclusions and practical offers which can be used in advocate’s activity.
Keywords: judicial protection, the right to the qualified legal aid, order of criminal trial, court of appeal, lawyer, attorney, counsel, barrister, advocate, advocacy, legal profession, bar.
References
1. Galoganov A.P. Realizatsiya konstitutsionnogo prava na kvalifitsirovannuyu yuridicheskuyu pomosch# pri sostavlenii zhaloby v Evropeyskiy sud po pravam cheloveka // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2013. – № 3 (43). – S. 75–84
2. Mirzoev G.B. Na puti k spravedlivomu pravosudiyu, ili o reformirovanii pravovoy sistemy // Uchenye trudy Rossiyskoy akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2013. – № 1 (28) – S. 5–9.
3. Peshkov M.A. Novyy vid predvaritel#nogo rassledovaniya – doznanie v sokraschennoy forme // Novyy yuridicheskiy zhurnal. – 2013. – № 2. – S. 275–279.
4. Ragulin A.V. Problemnye voprosy pravovoy reglamentatsii i realizatsii professional#nogo prava advokata-zaschitnika na obzhalovanie deystviy (bezdeystviya) dolzhnostnykh lits gosudarstvennykh organov, osuschestvlyayuschikh proizvodstvo po ugolovnomu delu // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2012. – № 3 (31). Mart. – S. 202–217.

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