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HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Tkachenko O.Y.
Collective bargaining in the period of the new economic policy in the soviet union
Purpose: This study aims to research the prerequisites of emergence and development of the institute of social partnership in Russia.
Methodology: Historical, comparative, systematic and logical approaches were used.
Results: The article analyzes the basic historical elements of collective bargaining in the period of the New Economic Policy in the Soviet Union. Such analysis allows to track the evolution of formation and development of the institute of social partnership in Russia.
Novelty/originality/value: Each state at any stage of its historical development is a subject to certain social unrest. Among the various types of social relations affected by this kind of unrest lay the labor relations. For centuries, society has been looking for ways to reduce the level of confrontation between labor and capital and to overcome social tensions in labor relations. One of such ways, allowing to achieve social peace and reconcile, is the use of collective bargaining method in the sphere of labor. Historical analysis of the formation and development of legislative regulation of collective bargaining allows us to take into account the rich experience of past generations for the further progressive development of the idea of social partnership in the modern world. This forms the importance of a comprehensive study of regulatory issues of collective bargaining relations during the New Economic Policy.
Keywords: labor, collective bargaining relations, bargaining regulation, working conditions, employees, employers, collective agreement, bargaining agreement.
References (transliterated)
1.Kodeks zakonov o trude RSFSR 1922 g. // Sobranie Uzakonenij RSFSR. 1922. № 70. St. 903.
2.Postanovlenie Soveta narodny`x komissarov RSFSR ot 23 avgusta 1922 g. // Sobranie Uzakonenij RSFSR. 1922. № 34. St. 683.
3.Postanovlenie NKT SSSR i VCzSPS ot 17.10.1923. O srokax dejstviya kollektivny`x dogovorov // Izvestiya NKT SSSR. 1924. № 9/33.
4.Postanovlenie STO SSSR ot 6 iyunya 1924 g. «O zaklyuchenii kollektivny`x dogovorov i razborke konfliktov po glavnejshim promy`shlenny`m predpriyatiyam» // Izvestiya NKT SSSR. 1924. № 28.
5.Postanovlenie NKT SSSR ot 18.02.1928 «O poryadke registracii kollektivny`x dogovorov» // Izvestiya NKT SSSR. 1928. № 9–10.
6.Cirkulyar VCzSPS i VSNX SSSR ot 4 aprelya 1924 g. «O poryadke perezaklyucheniya kollektivny`x dogovorov» // Izvestiya NKT SSSR. 1924. № 28.
7.Vojtinskij I.S. Kollektivny`j dogovor na novom e`tape // Sovetskoe trudovoe pravo na novom e`tape: sbornik statej. M.: L., 1931.
8.Dogadov V.M. Ocherki trudovogo prava. L.: Priboj, 1927.
9.Pasherstnik A.E. Kollektivny`j dogovor. M.: AN SSSR, 1951.
10.Praktika Verxovnogo suda RSFSR po grazhdanskim i trudovy`m delam za 1925 g. / pod red. A.M. Stopani. M.: Narkomyust RSFSR, 1926.
11.Prakticheskij slovar` po trudovomu pravu / pod red. Prokurora po trudovy`m delam pri Verxovnom sude RSFSR A.M. Stopani. M.: Voprosy` truda, 1927.
 
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Golshev I.A.
The Main Areas of Judicial and Legal Policy of the Russian Empire (In the Period 1800–1825)
Purpose: To research the specific dynamic of development of judicial and legal policy of the Russian Empire in the first quarter of the 1800.
Methodology: Historical and legal approaches, as well as the method of historical periodization were used in the article.
Results: The author gives the periodization of development of judicial and legal policy of Russia of the first quarter of the 1800 on the example of reform of public administration. 4 periods are allocated and analyzed. The period of the beginning of this reform is the first one. This period is characterized by ministerial reform of Alexander I, started by «The Manifesto on the Establishment of the Ministries», as well as the activity of the first Minister of Justice of the Russian Empire G.R. Derzhavin and legal transformations related to him: the report «On the Procedures Applied in the Ruling Senate, Voting by Senators and on Their Consent» (1800 – 21.10.1802) and «The Circulatory Order» (1800 – 22.09.1802). The second period is the period of activity of P.V. Lopukhin during his term as the Minister of Justice and the report approved by Alexander I as the main factor of judicial and legal policy in this period (1800 – 27.01.1805). In the third period (1800 – 1803) the contribution to the judicial and legal systems of Russia made by M.M. Speransky and his proposal to merge the chambers of a civil and a criminal court into a single provincial court in particular are analyzed. In the fourth period (1800 – 1810-1812) M.A. Balugyansky’s project is analyzed. In the study a certain continuity between these periods is established, as well as regularity in their specific development.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as it establishes the continuity between the ideas of statesmen of the periods analyzed. Previously unknown documents from Public Records Office of the Russian Federation are used in the article.
Keywords: Russia, judicial system, judicial-legal policy, period 1800-1825.
References (transliterated)
1.Babenko V.N. Sudebnaya sistema Rossii, istoriya i sovremennost`. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2007.
2.GARF, Fondy` lichnogo proisxozhdeniya, f. 917. Divov Pavel Gavrilovich, senator, upravlyayushhij arxivom ministerstva inostranny`x del, chlen sledstvennoj komissii po delu dekabristov. Op. 1. Opis` del fonda P.G. Divova za 1709–1884 gg., Pis`mo Golubczova Fedora Derzhavinu Gavrile Romanovichu.
3.Lopuxin P.V. Vy`sochajshe utverzhdenny`j doklad ministra yusticii. O razdelenii del po departamentam Senata; o pribavke dvux novy`x departamentov i e`kspedicij; ob uprazdnenii komitetov dlya poverxnostnogo rassmotreniya zhalob na reshenie Senata i vremenny`x departamentov: S prilozheniem primernogo shtata Senata i rospisi prazdnichny`m dnyam. B. m., 1805 g. S. 4 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://dlib.rsl.ru/>viewer/01003017035#?.
4.Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj imperii c 1649 go-da. SPb., 1830. T. XXVII [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://elib.shpl.ru/>http://elib.shpl.ru/ru/nodes/205-t-27-1802-1803-1830#mode/inspect.
5.Speranskij M.M. Plan gosudarstvennogo preobrazovaniya grafa M.M. Speranskogo: (Vvedenie k Ulozheniyu gosudarstvenny`x zakonov 1809 g.). M., 1905. C. 191 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://elib.shpl.ru/>ru/nodes/4957-speranskiy-m-m-plan-gosudarstvennogo-preobrazovaniya-grafa-m-m-speranskogo-vvedenie-k-ulozheniyu-gosudarstvennyh-zakonov-1809-g-s-pril-m-1905.
 
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Nilov I.L.
Emergence of consumer extremism
Purpose: To study the sources of emergence and the most visible classical examples of consumer extremism.
Methodology: Historical, comparative and formal-legal approaches were used.
Results: Emergence of consumer extremism is analysed, its features are revealed, the sources allowing to examine the time and features of emergence of consumer extremism are studied. Prerequisites of emergence of the considered phenomenon and also the factors promoting its emergence are analysed as well.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as it attempts to research the rather new scientific problem.
Keywords: consumer protection, penalties, abuse of the right, consumer extremism, consumer terrorism.
References
1.Emery D. The Microwaved Pet Urban Legend [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-microwaved-pet-3299150.
2.Le monde. La ‘société contentieuse’ – Aux États-Unis, hommes d’affaires et médecins dénoncent la multiplication des procès en tout genre, Aug. 18, 1992.
3.McDonald’s Settles Lawsuit Over Bum From Coffee // WALL STREET JOURNAL. 1994. Dec. 2.
4.Patrick S. Ryan Revisiting the United States application of punitive damages: separating myth from reality // ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law. 2003. Vol. 10. № 1. R. 69–94 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=545243.
5.Schweilen M. Anwalt Grenzenlos, DlEZEIT, week 35, 2001 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.zeit.de/2001/35/Anwalt_Grenzenlos.
6.Antitabachny`e kampanii. Precedenty` // RIA Novosti. 31.05.2006 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://ria.ru/spravka/20060531/48847803.html.
7.Afanas`eva E.G. Gruppovy`e iski v SShA (obzor) // Social`ny`e i gumanitarny`e nauki. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya literatura. Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2016. № 2. S. 139–145.
8.Berezina E. Oblilsya kofe – podal v sud [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://rg.ru/2013/11/05/potrebitel.html.
9.Butorina I.A., Perestyuk D.A. Potrebitel`skij terrorizm v Rossii: sut`, prichiny` i perspektivy` // Marketing i povedenie potrebitelej: sbornik / pod red. N.V. Polyakova, K.A. Tatarinova. Irkutsk, 2011. S. 35–38.
10.Zakupen` T.V. Potrebitel`skij e`kstremizm kak forma zloupotrebleniya pravom pri zaklyuchenii bankami kreditnogo dogovora s grazhdanami-zaemshhikami // Bankovskoe pravo. 2015. № 1. S. 23–30.
11.Konoplyannikova T.V., Pashkova E.P. Potrebitel`skij e`kstremizm kak pravovoe yavlenie // European Scientific Conference: sbornik statej VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 2 ch. 2017. S. 142–146.
12.Kry`lov A. Potrebitel`skij e`kstremizm dol`shhikov // E`Zh-Yurist. 2015. № 8. S. 1, 6.
13.Mel`nikova T.F., Gizatullina G.R., Dusenova Zh.D. Potrebitel`skij e`kstremizm // Formirovanie ry`nochnogo xozyajstva: teoriya i praktika: sbornik nauchny`x statej. Orenburg, 2013. S. 134–135.
14.Ozhegova G.A. K ponyatiyu «potrebitel`skij e`kstremizm» // Yurist. 2014. № 14. S. 15–19.
15.Pomazkova S.I. Problemy` primeneniya procedur mediacii pri uregulirovanii i razreshenii sporov v sfere medicinskoj deyatel`nosti // Rossijskij sud`ya. 2014. № 10. S. 9–12.
16.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda RF ot 28 iyunya 2012 goda № 17 // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2012. № 156.
17.Sogiyajnen A.A. Pravovy`e riski medicinskoj deya-tel`nosti v sovremenny`x usloviyax // Pravo v Vooruzhen-ny`x Silax. 2017. № 4. S. 35–42.
18.Trusova L.N., Rasskazova V.N. Pravovaya gramotnost` – zashhita professional`noj deyatel`nosti vracha // Medicinskoe pravo. 2014. № 2. S. 25–28.
19.Federal`ny`j zakon ot 30 dekabrya 2004 goda № 214-FZ (red. ot 29.07.2018) // Sobranie zakonodatel`stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2005. № 1. Ch. 1. St. 40.
20.Frejtak N. Potrebitel`skij terrorizm v avtobiznese // E`Zh-Yurist. 2014. № 45. S. 9.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Ragulin A.V.
Federal law draft No. 469485-7 «About introduction of amendments to the Federal law «About Advocate Activity and Advocacy Profession in the Russian Federation»:main positions of representatives of advocate`s community and suggestion for improvement
Purpose: To reveal the most significant positive and negative characteristics of the studied Federal law draft No. 469485-7 and to formulate the offers directed to its improvement.
Methodology: A method of systems analysis, formal-legal, comparative and legal, the method of studying of documents and other methods of knowledge were used.
Results: In article on the basis of earlier published opinions, responses, scientific works, the legislative short stories offered to acceptance in Federal law draft № 469485-7 «About introduction of amendments to the Federal law «About Lawyer Activity and Legal Profession in the Russian Federation » are investigated. Positive and negative characteristics of the bill are marked out, the measures sent to its completion are proposed.
Novelty/originality/value: The importance of work is that the author generalized the main positions of representatives of lawyer community formulated on the questions connected with contents of Federal law draft No. 469485-7 and the directions for its improvement are defined.
Keywords: advocate, advocacy, lawyer, legal profession, lawyer’s trainee, assistant attorney, Chamber of Advocates, advocate bureau, advocate office, Federal chamber of advocates of the Russian Federation.
References (transliterated)
1.https://fparf.ru/documents/legal_positions/56595/.
2.Advokatskij e`kzamen budet provodit`sya po novy`m, ediny`m pravilam. Pravitel`stvo predlozhilo vnesti ryad pravok v zakonoproekt, kotory`j predpolagaet znachitel`noe izmenenie zakona ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://pravo.ru/news/205983/?desc_news_1=.
3.Advokaty` – o popravkax v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.advgazeta.ru/novosti/advokaty-o-popravkakh-v-zakon-ob-advokature/.
4.Advokaty` delayut vy`bor samostoyatel`no. Sovet AP Vladimirskoj oblasti podderzhal predlagaemy`e popravki v Zakon ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/news/51211/.
5.Alleny`x D.A., Gur`ev A.A. Zaklyuchenie antikorrupcionnoj e`kspertizy` Proekta federal`nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal`ny`j zakon «Ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii» № 469485-7.
6.Baulin O. Doroga bez nachala i koncza? Vryad li mozhno schitat` blagodarny`m zanyatiem poisk «absolyutnoj pravil`nosti» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/OBaulin/doroga-bez-nachala-i-kontsa/.
7.Baulin O. Chto vozrazit` kritikam. O Demokraticheskix osnovax professii advokata [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/OBaulin/chto-vozrazit-kritikam/.
8.Berman D. Diskriminaciya nachinayushhix? Ob ogranichenii dlya advokatov so stazhem menee 5 let uchrezhdat` advokatskij kabinet, kollegiyu advokatov i advokatskoe byuro [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.advgazeta.ru/mneniya/diskriminatsiya-nachinayushchikh/.
9.By`kov V. Uslozhnyat li advokatam poryadok izmeneniya chlenstva v AP? Popravki mogut pomeshat` dostupu molody`x advokatov v professiyu [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.advgazeta.ru/diskussii/ popravki-v-zakon-ob-advokature/.
10.Galoganov A.P. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
11.Gasparyan N. Nuzhen li tretij prezidentskij srok? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.advgazeta.ru/diskussii/ popravki-v-zakon-ob-advokature/.
12.Gil`diya Rossijskix advokatov. Rezolyuciya po rezul`tatam obsuzhdeniya proektov Koncepcii regulirovaniya ry`nka professional`noj yuridicheskoj pomoshhi i popravok v Federal`ny`j zakon «Ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.gra.ru/index.php/2-uncategorised/427-gra2018-249.
13.Gur`ev A. Mladshij advokat. K voprosu obosnovannosti novy`x trebovanij k uchrezhdeniyu advokatskogo kabineta ili kollegii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/aguryev/mladshiy-advokat/.
14.Dopolneniya, neobxodimost` kotory`x priznana v advokatskom soobshhestve. Sovet AP Sankt-Peterburga rassmotrel proekt popravok v Zakon ob advokature i vy`skazalsya v ego podderzhku [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apvo.fparf.ru/news/all_news/detail/54848/.
15.Edinoglasnaya podderzhka. Sovet AP Vologodskoj oblasti odobril proekt popravok v Zakon ob advokature, vnesenny`j v Gosudarstvennuyu Dumu FS RF gruppoj senatorov i deputatov vo glave s A.A. Klishasom [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apvo.fparf.ru/news/all_news/detail/55245/.
16.Zharov N. O popravkax v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.advgazeta.ru/diskussii/popravki-v-zakon-ob-advokature.
17.Zhukov A. Advokature nuzhny` edinstvo i stabil`nost`. Popravki v Zakon ob advokature predlagayut otkazat`sya ot zasty`vshix form, sderzhivayushhix samonastrojku [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/AZhukov/advokature-nuzhny-edinstvo-i-stabilnost/.
18.Zaklyuchenie Komiteta po gosudarstvennomu stroitel`stvu i zakonodatel`stvu na proekt federal`nogo zakona № 469485-7 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sozd.parliament.gov.ru/bill/469485-7.
19.Zakonoproekt sootvetstvuet interesam advokatury`. Sovet AP Voronezhskoj oblasti podderzhivaet predlagaemy`e popravki v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apvo.fparf.ru/news/all_news/detail/50834/.
20.Klyuvgant V.V. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
21.Korchago E.V. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
22.Lazarev V. NKS ozabochen. Nuzhno v advokatskoj srede, a ne za ee predelami, iskat` konsensus v normativnom regulirovanii i pravoprimenitel`ny`x proizvodstvax [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/VLazarev/nksozabochen/?fbclid=IwAR0EbQkbX6XuLIWmReSPp-PklS1okRPp2uisUIEZUkTc3aJqwsuKvpdZS9g.
23.Lejnsoo T.N. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
24.Nado li boyat`sya reformy` advokatury`. Pervy`j vice-prezident FPA RF Evgenij Semenyako – o tom, kakie plyusy` odni advokaty` vidyat v tom, chto kritikuyut drugie [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apvo.fparf.ru/news/all_news/detail/55267/.
25.Orlov A.A. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
26.Oficial`ny`j otzy`v Pravitel`stva RF na proekt federal`nogo zakona № 469485-7 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sozd.parliament.gov.ru/bill/469485-7.
27.Popravki zasluzhivayut odobreniya. 30 avgusta Sovet PASO podderzhal zakonoproekt o vnesenii izmenenij v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://apvo.fparf.ru/news/all_news/detail/54842/.
28.Predlagaemy`e popravki v Zakon ob advokature otrazhayut ob``ektivny`e obstoyatel`stva. Prezident FPA RF Yurij Pilipenko dal «Pravo.ru» interv`yu o proekte izmenenij v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/news/50428/.
29.Raudin V. Strashnej proekta zverya net. O slonopotamax i predlagaemy`x popravkax v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/vraudin/strashney-proekta-zverya-net/.
30.Reznik G.M. Popravki: sistemny`j sboj. O proekte zakona o vnesenii izmenenij v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/GReznik/popravki-sistemnyy-sboy/.
31.Svirin Yu.A. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Aktual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
32.Semenyako E. Sfera dejstviya suda prisyazhny`x dolzhna by`t` namnogo shire [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://fparf.ru/news/all_news/news/50729/.
33.Sovet AP g. Moskvy` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.advokatymoscow.ru/Otzyv.pdf.
34.Stupin E.V. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Ak-tual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakono-datel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
35.Sy`chev O.M., Ragulina I.T. Rossijskoe zakono-datel`stvo o pravovom statuse stazhera i pomoshhnika advokata nuzhdaetsya v sovershenstvovanii! Interv`yu s advokatom, kandidatom yuridicheskix nauk, nauchny`m sotrudnikom centra issledovaniya problem organizacii i deyatel`nosti advokatury` Evrazijskogo nauchno-issledovatel`skogo instituta problem prava Indiroj Tagirovnoj Ragulinoj // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2018. № 3 (34). S. 7–14.
36.Talantov D. Advokatura – reanimirovat` ili pogubit`? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://legal.report/author-21/advokatura-reanimirovat-ili-pogubit.
37.Talantov D.N. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Ak-tual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakono-datel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
38.Tafincev M.A. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Ak-tual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakono-datel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018  g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
39.Tolcheev M. Advokature neobxodimo opredelit`sya s bazovy`mi cennostyami. O popravkax v Zakon ob advokature v kontekste razrabaty`vaemoj Koncepcii Minyusta [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/MTolcheev/soobshchestvo-vynuzhdeno-ostanavlivat-narushiteley/.
40.Tolcheev M. Slaby`e zven`ya. Stoit li pri kritike popravok v Zakon ob advokature zashhishhat` nedostatki dejstvuyushhego regulirovaniya? [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/MTolcheev/slabye-zvenya/.
41.Chexov A. Izmeneniya napravleny` na razvitie korporacii. O predlagaemy`x zakonoproektom № 469485-7 popravkax v Zakon ob advokature [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://fparf.ru/news/all_news/blogs/achekhov/izmeneniya-napravleny-na-razvitie-advokatskoy-korporatsii/.
42.Shavin V.A. Vy`stuplenie na kruglom stole «Ak-tual`ny`e napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakono-datel`stva ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii», Moskva, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g. (videozapis`) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k5EDBs38f8.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Sibirtsev G.I.
Antinomy of the Realization of Advocate’s Independence and the Safeguarding of the Right to Qualified Legal Assistance in the Draft of The Federal Law «On Amendments to the Federal Law On Advocacy And The Advocacy Work In The Russian Federation»
Purpose: The paper analyzes the draft of the Federal Law № 469485-7 «On Amendments to The Federal Law on Advocacy and Advocacy Work in the Russian Federation».
Methodology: Historical and formal - legal approaches were used.
Results: According to the author’s position, the proposed changes contradict the principle of equality of the advocates, as well as provide unjustified restrictions of their independence, what can lead to an inappropriate monopolization of the legal market.
Novelty/originality/value: The study is based on the concept of moral-axiological antinomies.
Keywords: advocate’s independence, qualified legal assistance, the principle of equality of lawyers.
References (transliterated)
1.Proekt Federal`nogo zakona № 469485-7 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal`ny`j zakon «Ob advokatskoj deyatel`nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii»» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sozd.parliament.gov.ru/bill/469485-7.
2.E`nciklopedicheskij slovar`. Brokgauz i Efron: v 12 t. T. 3. M.: Bol`shaya ros. e`nciklopediya, 1993.
3.Novaya filosofskaya e`nciklopediya / pod red. V.S. Styopina. M.: My`sl`, 2010.
4.Tolkovy`j slovar` russkogo yazy`ka: v 4 t. / pod red. D.N. Ushakova. M.: Sov. e`nciklopediya; OGIZ; Gos. izd-vo inostr. i nacz. slov., 1935–1940.
5.Obshhij kodeks pravil dlya advokatov stran Evropejskogo soobshhestva (prinyat Sovetom kollegij advokatov i yuridicheskix obshhestv Evropejskogo Soyuza 28.10.1988 (Franciya, Strasburg) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://advokatyhmao.ru/pravregu l/2012-10-28-06-54-48/350--1-47-2-51-.html.
6.Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki advokata: prinyat 1-m Vserossijskim s``ezdom advokatov 31.01.2003 (s izm. i dop. ot 22.04.2015) // Vestnik Federal`noj palaty` advokatov RF. 2013. № 3.
7.Il`ichev L.F. Filosofskij e`nciklopedicheskij slovar` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enc_philosophy/4575.
8.Yaspers K. Vvedenie v filosofiyu [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://society.polbu.ru/yaspers_ intphilosophy/ch09_v.html.
9.Skripnik A.P. Kategoricheskij imperativ Immanuila Kanta. M., 1978. S. 98.
10.O’Nil O. Avtonomiya: zavisimost` i nezavisimost` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://library.by/portalus/modules/philosophy/print.php?archive=0216&id=1108466140&start_from=&subaction=showfull&ucat=1.
11.Turriff G. Self-Governance as a Necessary Condition of Constitutionally Mandated Lawyer Independence in British Columbia. Speech delivered at the Conference of Regulatory Offices, Perth. Vancouver, 2009.
12.Woolley A. Understanding Lawyers’ Ethics in Canada. Toronto, 2011. R. 151.
13.Novy`j slovar` inostranny`x slov russkogo yazy`ka [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/dic_fwords/39239.
14.Steczovskij Yu.I., Mirzoev G.B. Professional`ny`j dolg advokata i ego status. M., 2003.
15.Ozhegov S.I. Slovar` Russkogo yazy`ka / pod red. N.Yu. Shvedovoj. 18-e izd., stereotip. M.: Rus. yaz., 1986.
16.Sibircev G.I. Obespechenie i realizaciya nezavisimosti advokata-zashhitnika v ugolovnom processe: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://test.ssla.ru/dissertation/dissert/27-03-2018-1d.pdf.
17.Sibircev G.I. Kvalificirovannost` kak osnovnoj princip yuridicheskoj professii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20452736.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND ADVOCACY PROFESSION FUNCTIONING
Korotkova P.E.
Moral foundations of client-attorney privilege
Purpose: Research of client-attorney privilege as an ethical problem of public and personal duty and conscience, as well as the personal ideas of morality.
Methodology: Formal-legal and historical approaches, as well as comparative analysis method, were used in this article.
Results: The author analyzes how the categories of general ethics correspond to the categories of professional ethics of an attorney, and the actions that attorney should perform if he gets into a difficult ethical situation and appears before the choice: to keep sacredly the secret that was entrusted to him, or to disclose it.
Novelty/originality/value: The importance and value of this article lay in its modern-day analysis of categories of general ethics acting as the categories of professional ethics of an attorney.
Keywords: right, morality, rectitude, categories of ethics, ethical standard, regulator, social relations, inns of court, attorney, client-attorney privilege.
References (transliterated)
1.Avdeev M.Yu. Perspektivy` razvitiya konstitucionnogo zakonodatel`stva o prave grazhdan na neprikosnovennost` chastnoj zhizni // Mezhdunarodny`j akademicheskij zhurnal Rossijskoj akademii estestvenny`x nauk. 2014. № 1. S. 69–81.
2.Barshhevskij M.Yu. Advokatskaya tajna // Radioperedacha «Narod protiv». V gostyax u Ganapol`skogo M. Barshhevskij M.Yu., Bardin L.N. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://echo.msk.ru/programs/opponent/48048/.
3.Bojkov A.D. Advokatura i advokaty`. M., 2006. S. 16.
4.Garmaev Yu.P. Nezakonnaya deyatel`nost` advokatov v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. M., 2005. S. 353.
5.Grudcyna L.Yu. Advokatskoe pravo: ucheb.-praktich. posob. M., 2009. S. 112.
6.Gusejnov A.A., Irrlitcz G. Kratkaya istoriya e`tiki. M., 1987. S. 112.
7.Koblikov A.S. Yuridicheskaya e`tika: uchebnik dlya vuzov. M., 1999. S. 11.
8.Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki advokata (Prinyat I Vserossijskim s``ezdom advokatov 31.01.2003) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: www.fparf.ru.
9.Kucherena A.G. Advokatskaya tajna // Zakonnost`. 2003. № 2. S. 49.
10.Levi A. Nravstvenny`e i e`ticheskie trebovaniya k advokatu // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2003. № 3. S. 26.
11.Malinovskij A.A. Kodeks professional`noj e`tiki: ponyatie i yuridicheskoe znachenie // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2008. № 4. S. 39–40.
12.Markov A.N. Pravila advokatskoj professii. M., 1913 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://uf.kgsu.ru/lib/doc.php?path=Kafedra+GPD/Grajdanskoe+processual`noe+pravo/stat`i/Markov+A.N.+PRAVILA+ADVOKATSKOY+PROFESSII+V`+ROSSII.doc.htm&name=%CC%E0%F0%EA%EE%E2+%C0.%CD.+%CF%D0%C0%C2%C8%CB%C0+%C0%C4%C2%CE%CA%C0%D2%D1%CA%CE%C9+%CF%D0%CE%D4%C5%D1%D1I%C8+%C2%DA+%D0%CE%D1%D1I%C8.
13.Ozhegov S.I. Tolkovy`j slovar` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://enc-dic.com/ozhegov/Moral-16143/.
14.Padva G.P. Yurist dolzhen obladat` vsemi kachestvami poryadochnogo cheloveka // Advokatskaya gazeta. 2010. № 1. S. 6.
15.Petruxin I.L. Lichny`e tajny` (chelovek i vlast`). M., 1998. S. 130.
16.Pilipenko Yu.S. Advokatskaya tajna: teoriya i praktika realizacii: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2009. S. 22.
17.Raz``yasnenie Komissii FPA RF po e`tike i standartam po voprosu predaniya advokatom oglaske svedenij o prestupleniyax ili iny`x pravonarusheniyax. Utverzhdeno Resheniem Soveta FPA RF ot 28 iyunya 2017 goda (protokol № 4) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: www.fparf.ru.
18.Revina I.V. Nravstvennoe soderzhanie advokatskoj deyatel`nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2006.
19.Rekomendacii po ispol`zovaniyu advokatami trebovanij zakonodatel`stva o protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmy`vaniyu) doxodov, poluchenny`x prestupny`m putem, i finansirovaniyu terrorizma [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://fparf.ru/documents/resheniya_pod_ft/45152/.
20.Fatxutdinova A.M. Problemy` sootnosheniya gosudarstva i nravstvennosti // Ucheny`e trudy` Rossijskoj akademii advokatury` i notariata. 2015. № 2 (37). S. 58–61.
21.Fedotova Yu.G. Rol` advokatskoj praktiki v obespechenii social`noj stabil`nosti // Advokatskaya praktika. 2008. № 1. S. 17–22.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Fast I.A.
Compensation for moral harm caused by personal injury:practical results after 25 years of existence of the legal institution in the Russian Federation
Purpose: The aim of this study is to establish the extent to which the judicial practice of compensation for moral harm caused by personal injury confirms or refutes the main thesis of the study – the insufficiency of currently existing general criteria for determining a fair and reasonable size of such compensation.
Methodology: Author used data of 2236 cases of compensation for moral harm collected in legal practices and law firms in the period from January 2015 to September 2017, as well as statistics of the Judicial Department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on 14025 cases of compensation for moral harm caused by personal injury heard in courts of general jurisdiction in the period from 2016 to June 2017.
Results: The information collected and the calculations carried out by the author revealed that the average value of the amount of compensation for moral harm, awarded in the case of personal injury to the individual, did not exceed 77 000 rubles, according to official statistics of the year 2016. According to legal societies, the average value of the amount of compensation for moral harm awarded upon the death of the individual is 111 000 rubles, and the median value, which more accurately reflects the current legal practice, is 70 000 rubles. The average «cost» of compensation for moral harm caused by disability is 193 000 rubles, while the median value of such compensation is 140 000 rubles. At the same time, the gap between the extremes of compensation for moral harm is 51-fold and 25-fold in case of disability. Comparing this data with the minimum wage rate (MWR), the minimum subsistence level (MSL), as well as with scientific research data on the cost of living and disability, the author conclude that courts give an excessively low estimate of the amount of compensations for moral harm. The author also notes the extreme gap between the amounts of compensations awarded. In absence of the proper justification, the above does not meet the requirements of «rationality and fairness» for compensation for moral harm, as provided in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, and violates the principle of equality of individuals before the law and the court. The author, referring to regulatory trends in other jurisdictions and drawing attention to the evolving practice of using the minimum subsistence level to determine the limits of compensations, urges the legislator to promptly introduce clear criterion of determining the amount of compensation for moral harm.
Novelty/originality/value: The study has a high practical value, as it is the first large-scale attempt to analyse the size of the compensations awarded by the courts of the Russian Federation in respect of non-pecuniary damage for human life and health.
Keywords: moral harm, personal injury, reasonableness and justice.
References (transliterated)
1.Damages for personal injury: non-pecuniary loss. Item 2 of the Sixth Programme of Law Refor: Damages. The Law Commission. The United Kingdom, 1998. P. 5–6.
2.URL://sledcom.ru/news/ item/1199260/?type=main.
3.URL://static.government.ru/media/files/g6BXGgDI4fCEiD4xDdJUwlxudPATBC12.pdf.
4.URL://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79.
5.URL://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/population/disabilities/#.
6.URL://www.rbc.ru/economics/26/05/2015/55647ebf9a79477485ee414c.
7.Budyakova T.P. Viktimologicheskie aspekty` pravovogo instituta kompensacii moral`nogo vreda. M.: Yurlit-inform, 2016.
8.Nikolaev I., Tochilkina O. E`konomika moral`nogo vreda // Obshhestvo i e`konomika. 2013. № 9.
9.Nikolaev I.A., Tochilkina O.S. E`konomika moral`-nogo vreda. Analiticheskij doklad. Institut strategicheskogo analiza. M., 2013.
10.Pis`mo FPA RF № 362-08/17-AP ot 15 avgusta 2017 goda.
11.Reshenie Kanavinskogo rajonnogo suda Nizhnego Novgoroda ot 31.07.2017. Delo № 2-678/2017. Dostup iz GAS «Pravosudie».
12.Reshenie Leninskogo rajonnogo suda Nizhnego Novgoroda ot 23.06.2017. Delo № 2-281/2017. Dostup iz GAS «Pravosudie».
13.Smirenskaya E.V. Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda kak deliktnoe obyazatel`stvo: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2000.
14.Strategiya bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2018–2024 gody`, utv. Rasporyazheniem pravitel`stva RF ot 08.01.2018. 1-r.
15.Tarasevich K.A. O nekotory`x voprosax opredeleniya razmera kompensacii moral`nogo vreda // Leningradskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. № 4.
16.E`rdelevskij A.M. Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus, 2013».
17.E`rdelevskij A.M. Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda: analiz kommentariev zakonodatel`stva i sudebnoj praktiki. M.: Volters Kluver, 2007.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Vinogradova E. V., Solomonenko I.G.
The Impact of Court Decisions on Denomination of Crimes Infringing on Security
Purpose: The study aims to analyze the elements of crimes against the security, as well as the impact that court decisions have on denomination of crimes of banditry, robbery and organization of an illegal armed group categorized under the articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Legalistic approach was used.
Results: The article is devoted to the study of the impact of decisions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on denomination of a number of crimes infringing on public safety – banditry, armed robbery and the organization of an illegal armed group. The problems of identifying the signs of extremist crimes have become particularly relevant in Russia in recent years. This created the need for search for the approaches to resolving issues arising from the need to denominate these crimes. The theoretical and practical significance of this study derives from the need for solving complex problems associated with determining the crime of banditry.
Novelty/originalty/value: The article has a due degree of scientific value, as it is dedicated to an important and significant topic defined by public safety.
Keywords: banditry, armed group, robbery, qualification of crimes.
References (transliterated)
1.Agapov P.V. Osnovaniya i principy` kriminalizacii organizovannoj prestupnoj deyatel`nosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2010. № 3. S. 60–64.
2.By`kov V.M. Organizaciya prestupnogo soobshhestva // Zakonnost`. 2010. № 2. S. 19–21.
3.By`kov V.M. Kak razgranichit` banditizm i razboj // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2001. № 3. S. 52–54.
4.Galiakbarov R. Razgranichenie razboya i banditizma: Oshibka v teorii lomaet sudeb-nuyu praktiku // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2001. № 7. S. 56–57.
5.Ivanov N.G. Nyuansy` ugolovno-pravovogo regulirovaniya e`kstremistskoj deyatel`no-sti kak raznovidnosti gruppovogo soversheniya prestuplenij // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2003. № 5. S. 43–45.
6.Pavlinov A.V. Ugolovno-pravovy`e sredstva bor`by` s organizaciej nezakonnogo voo-ruzhennogo formirovaniya ili uchastiem v nem: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 1998. S. 24.
7.Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaya chast` / pod red. V.V. Luk`yanova, V.F. Shhepel`kova. SPb.: Izdatel`stvo SPbGU, 2014. S. 764.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Kalininskaya Y. S., Karpova N.A.
Petty theft committed by the person subjected to administrative punishment: questions
of the theory and practice
Purpose: To research the application of Article 158.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation criminalizing the petty theft committed by the person subjected to administrative punishment on the basis of generalization of materials of court practice and scientific positions of experts in the field of penal law.
Methodology: General scientific and legalistic methods of research (including comparative, formal-legal and systematic approaches were used, as well as method of sociological analysis of criminal case files) were used.
Results: In the article the topical questions concerning legal characteristic of the structure of this crime are analyzed, as well as the establishment of administrative pre-judiction as given in Article 158.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Qualification of petty theft is analyzed on the basis of the judicial interpretation given in the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. 29 of 27.12.2002 ‘On the Court Practice on Cases of Theft, Looting and Armed Robbery» and the published materials of law-enforcement as well.
Novelty/originality/value: This article has a high scientific value and bears a big practical importance, as its prepositions can be used to improve the existing criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, develop new resolutions by the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and define petty theft by the law-enforcement bodies.
Keywords: theft; petty theft; administrative pre-judiction; crime definition; court practice.
References (transliterated)
1.Bagautdinov F.N., Gavrilov M.A. Maloznachitel`-nost` prestupleniya i melkoe pre-stuplenie: slozhnosti pravoprimeneniya // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2018. № 6. S. 38–40.
2.Konovalova A.B., Mosechkin I.N. O primenenii instituta administrativnoj pre-yudicii v bor`be s prestupleniyami v sfere e`konomicheskoj deyatel`nosti // Bezopasnost` biznesa. 2017. № 6. S. 50–56.
3.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Novocheboksarskogo gorodskogo suda ot 8 iyunya 2017 g. po delu № 1-109/2017 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/sQS1tVDdVz6W/.
4.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Sosnogorskogo gorodskogo suda Respubliki Komi ot 22 dekabrya 2017 g. po delu № 1-267/2017 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/zfA3rZ81FuQB/.
5.Palij V.V. Prestuplenie i prostupok: problemy` sootnosheniya // Lex russica. 2017. № 7. S. 112–124.
6.Postanovlenie Novosibirskogo oblastnogo suda ot 23.05.2018 po delu № 4a-421/2018. Dostup iz SPS «Konsul`tantPlyus».
7.Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda RF ot 27.12.2002 № 29 (red. ot 16.05.2017) «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o krazhe, grabezhe i razboe». Dostup iz SPS «Konsul`tantPlyus».
8.Yurchenko I.A. Melkoe prestuplenie: novelly` rossijskogo ugolovnogo zakonoda-tel`stva i voprosy` ego sovershenstvovaniya // Vestnik Omskoj yuridicheskoj akademii. 2018. № 1. S. 58–64.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Mironenko T.V., Kuropatskaya E.G.
Problems of copyright protection in the electronic environment: the experience of Japan,
China and Russia
Purpose: This study aims to analyze the protection of intellectual property in the Internet and means of the copyright protection in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the legislation of Japan and People’s Republic of China.
Methodology: Legalistic and comparative-legal approaches were used.
Results: Internet allows an unlimited access to big volumes of information. Therefore, the problem of the responsibility of individuals providing services in the access to the electronic environment, posting of material and transfer of information within such environment acquires special topicality. Restriction of access to the information resource as a measure of copyright protection in the electronic environment is not efficient. In a number of countries, broad powers were given to special administrative bodies to combat E-offences, in others, including Russia, the American model of responsibility of the information intermediaries was adopted. The Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation has formulated a list of requirements that an information intermediary should fulfil in order to avoid responsibility. It should be noted that the intermediary is required to implement only those measures which are generally accepted at the moment.
Novelty/originality/value: The analysis conducted by the authors, as well as their conclusions and recommendations, could be of interest to scholars and lawyers engaged in the field of intellectual property rights protection in the electronic environment.
Keywords: intellectual property, copyright, exclusive rights, the Internet, protection of rights, civil law, international law.
References (transliterated)
1.Anichkin E.S., Mazurov V.A., Fillipova T.A., Tkacheva A.S. Kriminologicheskie aspekty` zashhity` avtorskix prav v seti Internet // Izvestiya Altajskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2014. № 2–2 (82). S. 96–102.
2.Kalyatin V.O. O nekotory`x tendenciyax razvitiya zakonodatel`stva ob otvetstvennosti Internet-provajderov // Zakon. 2012. № 7. S. 27−34.
3.Medvedev S. Rossijskij Antipiratskij zakon: osobennosti primeneniya i tendencii razvitiya // Intellektual`naya sobstvennost`. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhny`e prava. 2014. № 11. S. 38–46.
4.Pravo intellektual`noj sobstvennosti. T. 1. Obshhie polozheniya / pod obshh. red. L.A. Novoselovoj. M.: Statut, 2017. C. 491–492.
5.Sergeeva Yu. Internet 2017–2018 v mire i Rossii: statistika i trendy` // Sajt WebCanape [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.web-canape.ru/business/internet-2017-2018-v-mire-i-v-rossii-statistika-i-trendy/.
6.Strel`nikov V.V. «Antipiratskij zakon» protiv svobody` Interneta: kto pobedit? // Grazhdanin i pravo. 2014. № 10. S. 3–15.
7.Shaxnazarov B. Oxrana prav na ob``ekty` v seti Internet. Opy`t nacional`nogo regulirovaniya v SShA, Velikobritanii, Francii, Yaponii i Kitae // Nalogovo-pravovoj zhurnal dlya sobstvennikov i rukovoditelej biznesa [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.korpusprava.com/ru/publications/analytics/ip.html.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kanatov T.K.
Authorship and co-authorship as subjective copyright in the Eurasian Economic Union countries
Purpose: Тo study the topical issues concerning the implementation of subjective copyright as authorship and co-authorship in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) countries.
Methodology: Systematic, sociological, historical, social, comparative and statistical methods were used.
Results: The author makes his conclusions and proposals based on the international legislation and regulatory framework of the EEU countries. The relevance and importance of this work is formed by the analysis of the implementation of the subjective rights of authors and co-authors in the EEU countries. The special significance of this study lies in the fact that the developed theoretical provisions can be used for the further scientific and legal work on the issues and problems of the implementation of the subjective rights of authors and co-authors in the EEU countries. Therefore, this study makes a significant contribution to the theory of civil law.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, as it is one of the first attempts to consider topical issues of implementation of subjective rights of authors and co-authors in the EEU countries.
Keywords: copyright, exclusive right, author, co-author, Eurasian, economical.
References (transliterated)
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2.Gambarov Yu.S. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Obshhaya chast` / pod red. V.A. Tomsinova. M.: Zerczalo, 2003. S. 380.
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6.Kanatov T.K. Ponyatie avtorskix prav v stranax Evrazijskogo e`konomicheskogo soyuza // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2016. № 1 (20). S. 70.
7.Kanatov T.K. Zashhita sub``ektivny`x avtorskix prav (na primere zakonodatel`stva Respubliki Kazaxstan, Rossijskoj Federacii i Germanii): dis. … d-ra filos. nauk Ph.D. Astana. 2011. S. 21–22.
8.Korosteleva S.V. Lichny`e neimushhestvenny`e prava avtorov i osobennosti ix realizacii v Internet: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2006. S. 38.
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10.Mejer D.N. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo. Chteniya, izdanny`e po zapiskam slushatelej: S prilozheniem biografij i portretov D.I. Mejera i A.I. Vicyna i 3-x ukazatelej / pod red. A.I. Vicyna. 10-e izd., ispr. i dop. A.X. Gol`msten. Petrograd, 1915. S. 117.
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12.O primenenii sudami zakonodatel`stva pri rassmotrenii sporov, voznikayushhix iz avtorskix pravootnoshenij: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda SSSR ot 18 apr. 1986 g. № 8.
13.Rafieva L.K. Chest` i dostoinstvo kak pravovaya kategoriya // Pravovedenie. 1996. № 2. S. 58.
14.Sergeev A.P. Pravo intellektual`noj sobstvennosti v Rossijskoj Federacii. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: TK Velbi, 2003. S. 176–177.
15.Sulejmenov M.K. Zashhita grazhdanskix prav: materialy` mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashhennoj 10-letiyu KazGYuU / otv. red. N.S. Gaeva. Almaty`, 2004. S. 333.
16.Strogovich M.S. Osnovny`e voprosy` sovetskoj socialisticheskoj zakonnosti. M.: Nauka, 1966. S. 168.
17.Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava. Po izdaniyu 1907 g. M.: Spark, 1995. S. 58.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Minyazeva T. F., Dobryakov D. A.
Do the Punishments Established in Chapter 26 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation Correspond to the Nature of Ecological Crimes?
Purpose: Analysis of the nature of ecological crimes, establishment of the place of ecology among the objects of criminal-legal protection in relation to the types and measures of punishments listed in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Analytic, structural-functional and formal - legal approaches were used in the article.
Results: The article points out the discrepancy between the significance of the objects of ecological crime, among which there are lifes and health of an unspecified number of persons, and the types and measures of punishments imposed for commission of such crimes. To correct this situation, the authors propose to allocate qualified elements of ecological crimes into additional parts of the existing articles in Chapter 26 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific value, because the authors carry out a critical analysis of the shortcomings of the current criminal law in terms of establishing responsibility for environmental crimes and make suggestions for improving the relevant provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal legislation, ecology, ecological crimes, measures of punishment, types of punishments.
References (transliterated)
1.Ozhegov S.I., Shvedova N.Yu. Tolkovy`j slovar` russkogo yazy`ka. M.: Azbukovnik, 1999. S. 907.
2.Marshakova N.N. Problemy` klassifikacii e`kologi-cheskix prestuplenij // Biznes v zakone. 2007. № 2. S. 175.
3.Lesnikov G.Yu. Rossijskie ugolovno-politicheskie realii i ugolovnoe nakazanie // Ugolovnoe pravo: strategiya razvitiya v XXI veke: materialy` XIV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (26–27 yanvarya 2017 g.). M.: Original-maket, 2017. S. 55.
4.Kashepov V.P. Razvitie zakonodatel`stva ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za e`kologicheskie prestupleniya // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2012. № 6 (186). S. 39.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Zhilkin M.G.
Concept and classification of crimes in the sphere of business activity
Purpose: To identify the essential characteristics of crimes in the field of business activity and, on this basis, to form a system of crimes in the sphere of business activity, separated from other crimes in the sphere of economic activity.
Methodology: The method of system analysis, formal-logical, comparative-legal and other methods of cognition were used.
Results: The article examines the legislative framework for combating crimes in the business sphere, examines doctrinal approaches to the concept and classification of these crimes, analyzes the legal positions of the highest judicial instances on this issue, establishes the correlation of these crimes with other crimes in the economic sphere, proposes reasonable solutions on the division of crimes in the field of business activities into groups.
Novelty/originality/value: The significance of the work lies in the fact that the author has identified the grounds for distinguishing crimes in the sphere of entrepreneurial activity into a separate group and proposed their original classification.
Keywords: differentiation, classification, credit relations, competition, entrepreneurial activity, crimes.
References (transliterated)
1.Bogolyubskij S.S. Ugolovnaya politika v oblasti predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M, 2013.
2.Gorelov A.P. Ugolovno-pravovaya oxrana sfery` predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti kak napravlenie obespecheniya e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M.: RGB, 2005.
3.Zhilkin M.G. Sredstva differenciacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestupleniya v sfere predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti // Nauchny`j portal MVD Rossii. 2017. № 4.
4.Karpovich O.G. Ugolovno-pravovaya oxrana predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti v Rossii i stranax Evropy`: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2003.
5.Klepiczkij IA. Sistema xozyajstvenny`x prestuplenij. M.: Statut, 2005.
6.Kurs ugolovnogo prava: v 5 t. T. 4. Osobennaya chast`. M.: Zerczalo, 2002.
7.Mazur S.F. Ugolovno-pravovaya oxrana e`konomi-cheskix otnoshenij v sfere chastnogo predprinimatel`stva: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2004.
8.O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovny`j kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-processual`ny`j kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal`ny`j zakon ot 3 iyulya 2016 g. №  325-FZ  // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2016. 8 iyulya.
9.O praktike primeneniya sudami zakonodatel`stva, reglamentiruyushhego osobennosti ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestupleniya v sfere predprinimatel`skoj i inoj e`konomicheskoj deyatel`nosti. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 noyabrya 2016 g. № 48 // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2016. 24 noyabrya.
10.O praktike primeneniya sudami zakonodatel`stva o merax presecheniya v vide zaklyucheniya pod strazhu, domashnego aresta i zaloga. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 19 dekabrya 2013 g. № 41 (red. ot 24 maya 2016 g.) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2013. 27 dekabrya.
11.O sudebnoj praktike po delam o legalizacii (otmy`vanii) denezhny`x sredstv ili inogo imushhestva, priobretenny`x prestupny`m putem, i o priobretenii ili sby`te imushhestva, zavedomo doby`togo prestupny`m putem. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 7 iyulya 2015 g. № 32 // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2015. 13 iyulya.
12.Obzor sudebnoj praktiki po primeneniyu Federal`nogo zakona ot 29 noyabrya 2012 g. № 207-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovny`j kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel`ny`e zakonodatel`ny`e akty` Rossijskoj Federacii» i Postanovleniya Gosudarstvennoj Dumy` Federal`nogo Sobraniya Rossijskoj Federacii ot 2 iyulya 2013 g. № 2559-6 GD «Ob ob``yavlenii amnistii». Dostup iz SPS «Konsul`tantPlyus».
13.Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaya i Osobennaya chasti: uchebnik / pod red. I.M. Maczkevicha, N.G.Kadnikova. M., 2015.
14.Ustinova T.D. Aktual`ny`e problemy` ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestupleniya, posyagayushhie na predprinimatel`skuyu deyatel`nost`: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2005.
15.Xakulov M.X. Prestupleniya, posyagayushhie na svobodu i dobrosovestnost` konkurencii v sfere predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti: avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., 2008.
16.Chugunov A.A. Ugolovno-pravovaya oxrana predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2001.
17.Svodny`e statisticheskie svedeniya o sostoyanii sudimosti v Rossii za 2017 god [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http:// http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=4477.
18.Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij stat`i 159.4 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svyazi s zaprosom Salexardskogo gorodskogo suda Yamalo-Neneczkogo avtonomnogo okruga. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 11 dekabrya 2014 g. № 32-P // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2014. 24 dekabrya.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Teplova D.O.
Worldview Function of the Constitution: Its Role and Value
Purpose: Research of the worldview function of the constitution.
Methodology: Formal - legal and historical approaches were used.
Results: The constitution and sectoral legislation are not as perfect in terms of world outlook as the life itself demands. What is the significance of the worldview function of the Constitution as the Basic Law of the state? What tasks does it perform in the process of setting goals? These and other issues are of great importance for the development of the state and its legislation. Underestimation of this important feature of the Constitution can lead to serious consequences for the state and society. The most important tasks of the worldview function are consolidating, motivational; sacralizing; goal-setting; axiological; special; doctrinal; positioning; narrative-instructive; educational; ideological; and legal tasks. The author establishes and formulates his position on the worldview function of the Constitution as one of the most important features affecting public consciousness and social relations.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific value, because original generalizations based on previously published works were made on the selected issues by the author.
Keywords: Constitution, law, functions of the constitution, ideological function of the constitution, current legislation.
References (transliterated)
1.Gizzatullin R.X. E`kologicheskaya funkciya gosudarstva i Konstituciya Rossii // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2012. № 3 (29). S. 54–59.
2.Karateeva M.N. Garantiruyushhaya funkciya gosudarstva: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2005.
3.Levakin I.V. Ideologiya Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual`ny`e problemy` rossijskogo prava. 2014. № 12. S. 2707–2712.
4.Mamut L.S. Konstituciya i real`nost` // Konstitucionnoe pravo: Vostochnoevropejskoe obozrenie. 1999. № 2. S. 71.
5.Mironov O.O. Funkcii konstitucii // Vestnik SGAP. 2012. № 1. S. 47–52.
6.Pashencev D.A. Preambula v strukture konstitucii: normy` prava ili politicheskie deklaracii? // Vestnik akademii prava i upravleniya. 2013. № 33. S. 22–26.
7.Petrova A.V. Osnovny`e funkcii Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: voprosy` teorii: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2004.
8.Raximov R.A., Xabibulin A.G. Gosudarstvennaya ideologiya: k voprosu o pravomernosti kategorii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1999. № 3. S. 11–20.
9.Smorodina O.S. Problemy` soderzhaniya konstitucionny`x idej sovremennoj Rossii. Teorii gosudarstva i prava i konstitucionnoe pravo // Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2011. Vy`p. 27. S. 5–9.
10.Nevinskaya E.V. Sistemoobrazuyushhaya funkciya Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2008.
11.Fedorchenko A.A. 20-letie Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: dogmatichnost` ili zhe opravdanny`j pragmatizm? // Ucheny`e trudy` RAAN. 2013. № 4 (31). S. 17–21.
12.Chirkin V.E. Sovremennaya model` Konstitucii: prezhnie i novy`e prioritety` // Pravovedenie. 2003. № 2. S. 50.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Ivanova M.S.
Problems of determining the legal status of apartments in the Russian federation
Purpose: On the base of analysis of the concept and practice related to apartments, to determine the place and legal status of apartments in the current legislation of the Russian Federation.
Methodology: General scientific (analysis, synthesis, dialectical method) and formal-legal and comparative methods were used.
Results: Conclusions based on the conducted system analysis can be used for further research in the field of human rights protection, as well as to improve the legal regulation of the new «unique» for the Russian Federation types of real estate.
Novelty/originality/value: The relevance of this article is formed by the emergence and development of new real estate objects, such as apartments. The system analysis of the legislation of the Russian Federation made it possible to identify the main problem - the legal status of apartments in the legislation is not defined, and therefore there are difficulties not only from a theoretical point of view, but also in practice.
Keywords: apartments, real estate, property rights, residential premises, state registration, restrictions and encumbrances on property rights (mortgage, rent).
References (transliterated)
1.Zajchenko K.V., L`vova M.V. Apartamenty` kak osoby`j vid nedvizhimosti // Nauka, texnika i obrazovanie. 2016. № 12 (30). S. 99–100.
2.Zakon № 7 ot 2006 g. «O registracii nedvizhimogo imushhestva v E`mirate Dubaj» [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://constitutions.ru/archives/416.
3.Ivanova M.S. Ipoteka (zalog nedvizhimogo imushhestva) v Rossijskoj Federacii // Uspexi sovremennoj nauki. 2016. № 6. T. 3. S. 107–108.
4.Monasty`rev M.M. Apartamenty`, studii i lofty` kak pomeshheniya dlya vremennogo prozhivaniya // Zakonodatel`stvo i e`konomika. 2015. № 8. S. 51–59 [E`lek-tronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.justicemaker.ru/view-article.php?id=5&art=5086.
5.Ry`zhik A.V, Churilov S.N. Klassifikaciya veshhej po Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Francii (Kodeksu Napoleona 1804 g.) // Chelovecheskij kapital. 2012. № 3 (39). S. 35–38.
6.Shilovskaya A.L. Pravovoj status apartamentov // Pravovy`e voprosy` nedvizhimosti. 2015. № 2. S. 36–39 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://otrasli-prava.rf/article/18815.
7.Shmelev A. Ponyatie i pravovoj status apartamentov. M., 2014 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://yuridicheskaya-konsultaciya.ru/nedvizhimost/apartamenty.html.
 
JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Vlasov A.A., Dan W., Shtykov N.G.
International russian-chinese cooperation in the field of education (experience of creating a new model of a university according to international standards)
Purpose: To study the international experience in education on the example of the Shanghai College of Publishing and Printing.
Methodology: The comparative method was used.
Results: Strengthening international cooperation and intercultural relations is an unavoidable factor in the country’s economic development and a national strategy for the development of education, as well as an important way to increase the level of internationalization of higher professional education throughout the world and in Russia and China in particular, by upgrading the quality of curriculum development and increasing international competitiveness between students on the basis of already tested models. The proposed model of the new university in Shanghai, China, corresponds to the high international standards for the preparation of highly qualified specialists.
Novelty/originality/value: The novelty of the article lies in the fact that it analyzes international cooperation in the field of education based on modern technologies.
Keywords: quality of education, international relations, students.
References (transliterated)
1.Borodina M.I., Borodin O.I. Praktika mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva Rossii v sfere obrazovaniya // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Vestnik Volgogradskogo instituta biznesa. 2015. № 4 (33).
2.Vlasov A.A., Kuksin I.N. Advokat v sudoproizvodstve. M., 2005. (Kratkie uchebny`e kursy` yuridicheskix nauk).
3.Vlasov A.A. Deyatel`nost` advokata v sude po delam o zashhite chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii: praktich. posob. M., 2006. (Res cottidiana).

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