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EVENTS
First International legal forum «One way – one road: investment and law in Asia and Russia» was held in Moscow
 
In the state duma of the Russian Federation the fifth flow of the blockchain lawyers program started: training of blockchain lawyers
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Zhuravleva G.V., Karpova N.A.
About some features of qualification of plunders with use of computer technologies
Purpose: A research of features of qualification of plunders with use of computer technologies and identification on this basis of the problems and mistakes arising in law-enforcement practice.
Methodology: The general, special and private and scientific methods of a research were used (comparative and legal, system and structural, a method of the concrete and sociological analysis of studying of materials of criminal cases and others).
Results: In article the controversial issues concerning the legal characteristic and features of qualification of the plunders committed with use of computer technologies are considered. The review of the scientific points of view of experts in the field of criminal law in the matter is given. The errors of application of the criminal law providing responsibility for plunders of a similar look existing in jurisprudence are analysed.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has high scientific value and bears in itself the big practical importance. The provisions which are contained in article materials can be used at improvement of the existing criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, when developing new explanations of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, in the course of qualification of the considered plunders by law-enforcement bodies and also in activity of all law enforcement agencies participating in fight against plunders of property in the sphere of computer and information technologies.
Keywords: criminal liability for plunder, qualification problems, theft from the bank account, fraud in the sphere of computer information, computer technologies.
References (transliterated)
1.Gladkix V.I. Komp`yuternoe moshennichestvo: a by`li li osnovaniya ego kriminalizacii? // Rossijskij sledovatel`. 2014. № 22.
2.Efremova M.A. Ugolovno-pravovoe obespechenie kiberbezopasnosti: nekotory`e problemy` i puti ix resheniya // Pravo i kiberbezopasnost`. 2014. № 2.
3.Lopashenko N.A. Zakonodatel`naya reforma moshennichestva: vy`nuzhdenny`e voprosy` i vy`nuzhdenny`e otvety` // Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal`skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta e`konomiki i prava. 2015. T. 9. № 3.
4.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Bratskogo gorodskogo suda Irkutskoj oblasti po delu № 1-440/2017 ot 27 oktyabrya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/MtprueG7MNmX/.
5.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Zael`czovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska po delu № 1-158/2017 ot 13 noyabrya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/toQ7aBPEBbYP/.
6.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Kizilyurtovskogo rajonnogo suda Respubliki Dagestan po delu № 1-99/2017 ot 14 dekabrya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/vdAe1vMxcFU1.
7.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Moskovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Cheboksary` po delu № 1-180/2018 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudebny`eresheniya.rf/34407459/extended.
8.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Leningradskogo oblastnogo suda po delu № 22-2241/2017 ot 15 noyabrya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/SzDoyFHhqcLj.
9.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska po delu № 1-103/17 // Oficial`ny`j sajt RosPravosudie [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://rospravosudie.com.
10.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor suda [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/WdK7t9asXfNl/.
11.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor Starooskol`skogo gorodskogo suda Belgorodskoj oblasti po delu № 1-358/2017 ot 14 noyabrya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular/doc/xReh6XzWQ8gj.
12.Obvinitel`ny`j prigovor po delu № 1-6/2017 ot 17.10.2017 sudebnogo uchastka № 59 g. Yakutska Respubliki Saxa [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://sudact.ru/regular.
13.Popova E.I., Garmaev Yu.P. Ispol`zovanie v xode predvaritel`nogo rassledovaniya norm ob osobom poryadke sudebnogo razbiratel`stva (kriminalisticheskij kommentarij k normam glavy` 40 UPK RF). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus, 2015».
14.Rasulev A.K. Tendencii razvitiya ob``ekta kiberprestuplenij v anglosaksonskoj pravovoj sisteme // Rossijskij sledovatel`. 2016. № 21.
15.Tury`shev A.A. Ugolovno-pravovy`e instrumenty` zashhity` informacionnogo obshhestva // Zakony` Rossii: opy`t, analiz, praktika. 2017. № 10.
16.Xilyuta V.V. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za xishheniya s ispol`zovaniem komp`yuternoj texniki // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2014. № 3.
17.Chuprova A.Yu. Problemy` kvalifikacii moshennichestva s ispol`zovaniem informacionny`x texnologij // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2015. № 5.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Zhilkin M.G.
Problems of differentiation of responsibility for illegal use of means of individualization products (works, services)
Purpose: To identify the problems of differentiation of legal responsibility for the illegal use of means of individualization of goods (works, services) and to determine ways to resolve them.
Methodology: The method of system analysis, formal-logical, comparative-legal and other methods of cognition were used.
Results: The article discusses issues of private law and public law liability for the unlawful use of means of individualization of goods (works, services) and justifies the conclusion of the need to decriminalize a crime under Art. 180 of the Criminal Code.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific and practical value, since it deals with topical issues of civil, administrative-tort and criminal law from the standpoint of law, theory and practice of law enforcement.
Keywords: differentiation, responsibility, decriminalization, means of individualization, trademark, warning labeling, repeated, loss, damage.
References (transliterated)
1.Agamagomedova S. Sootnoshenie administrativnoj i grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti za nezakonnoe ispol`zovanie tovarnogo znaka // IS. Promy`shlennaya sobstvennost`. 2016. № 2. S. 20.
2.Afanas`eva E.G. Otvetstvennost` za narusheniya isklyuchitel`ny`x prav na tovarny`e znaki i iny`e sredstva individualizacii // Predprinimatel`skoe pravo. 2015. № 2. S. 59.
3.Gorin E. Novaya strategiya bor`by` s kontrafaktom // E`Zh-Yurist. 2017. № 5. S. 4.
4.Zhilkin M.G. Sredstva differenciacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestupleniya v sfere predprinimatel`skoj deyatel`nosti // Nauchny`j portal MVD Rossii. 2017. № 4 (40). S. 60–65.
5.Ivanova S. Kontrafaktnaya amnistiya // E`Zh-Yurist. 2017. № 4. S. 9.
6.Kadnikov N.G. Kategorizaciya prestuplenij v zavisimosti ot ix tyazhesti kak osnova postroeniya mnogix institutov obshhej chasti ugolovnogo prava // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2017. № 4. S. 61.
7.Krasnova S.A. Opredelenie razmera kompensacii za narushenie isklyuchitel`ny`x prav: zakon i sudebnaya praktika // IS. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhny`e prava. 2017. № 6. S. 35.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Saprykin А.М.
Art. 172.2 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation: problems of criminal law assessment and enforcement
Purpose: To reflect the problems expressed in relation to this article by theorists and practitioners of jurisprudence, to give them an assessment.
Methodology: Historical-legal and formal legal methods were used.
Results: The shortcomings of the article mentioned by experts exist and are not corrected. Judicial practice under Art. 172.2 of the criminal code is not fully established. It is necessary to amend the criminal law or the publication of explanations on judicial practice by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
Novelty/originality/value: This article has scientific significance, as it is one of the new scientific interpretations of article 172.2 of the criminal code of Russian Federation.
Keywords: article 172.2 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation; Ponzi scheme; attraction of funds; criminal law; problems of interpretation; problems of law enforcement.
References (transliterated)
1.Apellyacionnoe opredelenie Chelyabinskogo oblastnogo suda ot 31.05.2017 po delu № 10-1269/2017. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
2.Asnis A.Ya. Nekotory`e problemy` ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za organizaciyu finansovy`x piramid // Advokat. 2016. № 11. S. 21–29.
3.Gulyagin A.Yu. Organizaciya deyatel`nosti kak kompleksnoe yavlenie // Rossijskaya yusticiya. 2011. № 5. S. 55.
4.Kupriyanov F.A. Advokat Fedor Kupriyanov: cherez 100 let – novy`j zapret «deyatel`nosti po privlecheniyu denezhny`x sredstv» (stat`ya 172.2 UK RF)? //Viperson.ru [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://viperson.ru/articles/advokat-fedor-kupriyanov-cherez-100-let-novyy-zapret-deyatelnosti-po-privlecheniyu-denezhnyh-sredstv-statya-172-2-uk-rf.
5.Postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 23.06.2017 № 4u-3681/2017. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
6.Postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 23.12.2016 № 4u-7098/2016. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
7.Postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 31.10.2016 № 4u-4511/2016. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
8.Prigovor Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Samary` ot 30 sentyabrya 2016 goda po delu № 1-202/2016. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
9.Safarov I.G. Organizaciya deyatel`nosti po privlecheniyu denezhny`x sredstv i (ili) inogo imushhestva: yuridiko-texnicheskij analiz // Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2016. № 4(26). S. 112–114.
10.Suxarenko A. Piramidy` pod zapretom // E`Zh-Yurist. 2016. № 21. S. 10.
11.Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaya chast`: uchebnik dlya vuzov / pod red. N.M. Kropacheva i dr. SPb., 2010.
12.Shatixina N.S. Lyudi, vy` – zveri… // Zakon.ru [E`le-ktronny`j resurs]. URL: https://zakon.ru/blog/2016/04/01/lyudi_vy_%E2%80%93_zveri%E2%80%A6_42718.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Edilova P.V.
The tactical features of underage questioning
Purpose: To study legal literature, judicial and investigative practices that deal with the interrogation of minors in order to identify the best recommendations for successful interrogation.
Methodology: Empirical, historical legal and theoretical methods are used.
Results: The article outlines the main stages in the development of the minor, the optimal recommendations for interrogation of each age group of minors are outlined.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, because it is an attempt to separate minors into subgroups and study the tactics of interrogation in stages, depending on their age development.
Keywords: minor, investigative actions, interrogation.
References (transliterated)
1.Bruck M., Ceci S.J. The suggestibility of young children // Current Directions in Psychological Science. 1997. № 6. P. 75–79.
2.Gross J., Hayne H. Drawing facilitates children’s verbal reports after long delays // Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. 1999. № 5. P. 265–283.
3.Jones D.P.H., Krugman R.D. Can a three-year-old child bear witness to her sexual assault and attempted murder? // Child Abuse and Neglect. 1986. № 10. P. 253–258.
4.Bertovskij L.V. Dopros: taktika i texnologii. M., 2015.
5.Byulleten` Verxovnogo suda SSSR. 1966. № 3.
6.Gross G. Rukovodstvo dlya sudebny`x sledovatelej kak sistema kriminalistiki. M., 2002.
7.Dospulov G.G. Psixologiya doprosa na predvaritel`-nom sledstvii. M., 1976.
8.Dulov A.V. Sudebnaya psixologiya. Minsk, 1975.
9.Konvenciya ot 20 noyabrya 1989 g. «O pravax rebenka» // Sbornik mezhdunarodny`x dogovorov SSSR. Vy`p. XLVI. M., 1993. S. 242–257.
10.Kuzneczova S.V.. Kobczova T.S. Taktika doprosa nesovershennoletnix: prakt. posob. M.: E`kzamen, 2004.
11.Lobzin V. Dopros nesovershennoletnix doshkol`no-go vozrasta. M., 1912.
12.Minimal`ny`e standartny`e pravila Organizacii Ob``e-dinenny`x Nacij, kasayushhiesya otpravleniya pravosudiya v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnix (Pekinskie pravila): prinyaty` rezolyuciej General`noj Assamblei OON 40/33 ot 10 dekabrya 1985 g. // Sovetskaya yusticiya. 1991. № 12–14.
13.Min`kovskij G.M. Razrabotka osnovanij klassifikacii lichnosti prestupnika i znachenie e`toj klassifikacii dlya sovershenstvovaniya sistemy` bor`by` s prestupnost`yu // Tipologiya lichnosti prestupnika i individual`noe preduprezhdenie prestuplenij. M.: VNII Prokuratury` Soyuza SSR, 1979. S. 5.
14.Porubov N.I. Dopros v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Minsk: Vy`sshaya shkola, 1973.
15.Reuczkaya I.E., Brodchenko O.I. Psixologicheskie osobennosti doprosa nesovershennoletnix // Prikladnaya yuridicheskaya psixologiya. 2008. № 3. S. 55–68.
16.Safin N.Sh. Dopros nesovershennoletnego podozrevaemogo v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Kazan`: Izd-vo Kazanskogo un-ta, 1990.
17.Shaver B.M. Dopros nesovershennoletnix // Socialisticheskaya zakonnost`. 1938. № 10. S. 38.
18.Fel`dshtejn D. I. Trudny`j podrostok. M.: Voronezh: MPSI: Modek, 2008.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Kurbanov D.A., Аrutyunyan M.S.
About some features of the simplified production in arbitration process
Purpose: On the basis of a comprehensive comparative legal research to reveal the fea-tures of simplified proceedings in the arbitration process, to determine the validity of the legislative establishment of this procedure, to identify its positive and negative features.
Methodology: Comparative legal, formal legal and system-structural methods were used.
Results: Conclusions and generalizations of the authors are the basis for further study of the features of simplified proceedings in the arbitration process, to improve the legal regulation of this type of proceedings.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a scientific value. The proposals can be positively evaluated in the light of further improvement of the legal regulation of arbitration proceedings.
Keywords: arbitration process, simplified production, simplified production in arbitration process, arbitration court.
References (transliterated)
1.Sivak N.V. Uproshhennoe proizvodstvo v arbitrazhnom processe: monografiya // Prospekt. 2011. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
2.Sivak N.V. Uproshhennoe proizvodstvo: chto den` gryadushhij nam gotovit // Arbitrazhny`j i grazhdanskij process. 2011. № 10. S. 2–7.
3.Oficial`ny`j sajt Vy`sshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda RF: statisticheskie danny`e za 2012–2013 gody` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: www.arbitr.ru.
4.Postanovlenie Plenuma Vy`sshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda RF ot 09.12.2002 № 11 «O nekoto-ry`x voprosax, svyazanny`x s vvedeniem v dejstvie Arbitrazhnogo processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
5.Postanovlenie Plenuma Vy`sshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda RF ot 08.10.2012 № 62 «O nekoto-ry`x voprosax rassmotreniya arbitrazhny`mi sudami del v poryadke uproshhennogo proizvodstva». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy` «Konsul`tantPlyus».
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Gudushauri V.G.
The definition and essence of legal position of the lawyer in civil case
Purpose: To study the definition and essence of the legal position of the lawyer in civil case.
Methodology: Formal legal method, a comparative analysis method.
Results: In the following paper the definition and essence of the legal position of the lawyer in civil case are considered. The article proposes the separation of the main elements of the essence of the legal position in civil case, as well as the definition of the concept of the legal position in the civil case on the basis of the selected elements of the essence of the legal position in civil case.
Novelty/originality/value: The subject considered in the article is significant and important for understanding the essence of the legal position in civil case. The separation of the main elements of the essence of the legal position in civil case allows us better understand purpose and methodology of legal assistance by a lawyer in a civil case.
Keywords: the concept of the legal position of the lawyer in civil case, essence of the legal position of the lawyer in civil case, elements of the essence of the legal position in civil case.
References (transliterated)
1.Advokat: navy`ki professional`nogo masterstva / pod red. L.A. Voskobitovoj, I.N. Luk`yanovoj, L.P. Mixajlovoj. M., 2006.
2.Goncharova N.N. Uchastie advokata v dokazy`vanii po grazhdanskim delam (v sude pervoj instancii). M.: Rossijskaya akademiya advokatury` i notariata, 2008.
3.Goncharova N.N. Formirovanie i realizaciya advokatom pravovoj pozicii po grazhdanskomu delu: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2008.
4.Kolobashkina S.S. Pravovaya poziciya advokata-predstavitelya po grazhdanskomu delu: ponyatie i osobennosti opredeleniya // Advokatskaya praktika. 2011. № 3.
5.Kucherena A.G. Pravovaya poziciya advokata i ocenka im pozicii protivnoj storony` // Lex Russica. Nauchny`e trudy` MGYuA. 2006. № 6.
6.Muromcev S.A. Opredelenie i osnovnoe razdelenie prava. M., 1879.
7.Professional`ny`e navy`ki yurista. Opy`t prakticheskogo obucheniya / otv. red.: L.A. Voskobitova, L.P. Mixajlova, E.S. Shugrina. M.: Delo, 2001.
8.Steshenko L.A., Shamba T.M. Advokatura v Rossijskoj Federacii. M., 2001.
9.Fry`gina M.M. Deyatel`nost` advokata-predstavite-lya po formirovaniyu pravovoj pozicii // Evrazijskij yuri-dicheskij zhurnal. 2016. № 2(93). S. 278–279.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Shеiko V.V., Mityushkin R.А.
Methods of examination of execution of the contract in accordance with 44-FZ
Purpose: The review of techniques of conducting examination of performance of the contract, their classification depending on specifics of the concrete contract and conditions provided in it.
Methodology: The formal-legal method was used.
Results: Conducting examination of performance of the government contract is complicated due to the lack the complete theoretically developed and almost significant technique of conducting examination of performance of the government contract and also special recommendations about assessment of such examinations by the staff of contract departments.
Novelty/originality/value: In the present article an attempt of classification of the existing techniques of conducting examination of execution of the government contract is made, recommendations for methods which have to be used during conducting examination taking into account specifics and conditions of the concrete contract are submitted.
Keywords: external examination, performance of the contract, special knowledge, technique of expert researches.
References (transliterated)
1.Blinov V.G. Publichno-pravovy`e i chastno-pravo-vy`e otnosheniya pri postavke tovarov dlya gosudarst-venny`x nuzhd. Cheboksary`: Izd-vo Chuvash, un-ta, 2008.
2.Borisov A.N., Kraev H.A. Kommentarij k Federal`nomu zakonu «O razmeshhenii zakazov na postavki tovarov, vy`polnenie rabot, okazanie uslug dlya gosudarstvenny`x i municipal`ny`x nuzhd» № 94-FZ ot 21.07.2005 (postatejny`j). M.: Delovoj dvor, 2009.
3.Doroshhenko T.G., Dyunina O.P., Smolina I.A. Upravlenie gosudarstvenny`mi i municipal`ny`mi zakazami: ucheb.-metod. posob. Irkutsk: Izd-vo BGUE`P, 2009.
4.Kirilova H.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie obespecheniya gosudarstvenny`x i municipal`ny`x nuzhd: ucheb. posob. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SibAGS, 2010.
5.Nikonov V. Osobennosti naznacheniya, proizvodstva i ocenki inzhenerno-texnicheskoj prochnostnoj e`kspertizy` pri protivodejstvii straxovy`m moshennichestvam // Straxovoe delo. 2007. № 7 (164). S. 62–64.
6.Popova E.A., Chelobanov A., Gromov N.A. Pravila proverki ocenki zaklyucheniya e`ksperta // Sledovatel`. 2002. № 12. S. 56–60.
7.Rossinskaya E.R. Razvitie novy`x sudebny`x e`ks-pertiz i podgotovka specialistov // Zakon. 2005. № 6. S. 100–105.
8.Shlyaxov A. Kompleksny`e issledovaniya v sudebnoj e`kspertize // Socz. zakonnost`. 1985. № 9. S. 37–39.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Logvinchuk R.O.
Features of criminal prosecution of top managers and heads of the organizations
Purpose: To study the peculiarities of law enforcement practice in case of criminal liability for crimes committed in the sphere of entrepreneurial activity, managers and top managers of organizations.
Methodology: We used the formal legal method, the method of comparative analysis.
Results: This article examines the basic mechanisms of criminal law and legal practice that prevent the unlawful bringing of managers and members of the governing bodies of legal entities to criminal liability. It is concluded that the trend towards the use of criminal prosecution of managers as an instrument of pressure on business in resolving economic disputes is maintained.
Novelty/originality/value: The topic considered in the article has a special relevance and significance for practicing lawyers. The results will contribute to the improvement of legislation and legal proceedings.
Keywords: top manager, manager, criminal liability in business, organization, legal proceedings.
References (transliterated)
1.Arestovan prezident gruppy` kompanij, svyazan-ny`x s goskorporaciej «Rostex» [E`lektronny`j resurs].
URL: https://www.eg.ru/society/627072-arestovan-prezident-
gruppy-kompaniy-svyazannyh-s-goskorporaciey-rosteh/.
2.Kozbanov A.I. Tendencii i perspektivy` zashhity` predprinimatelej ot nezakonnogo ugolovnogo presledovaniya v sovremennoj Rossii // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2018. № 1 (32). S. 30–33.
3.Pan`shin D.L. Kriminologicheskaya xarakteristika e`konomicheskoj prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii: po materialam oficial`noj statistiki 2010–2016 godov // Policejskaya i sledstvennaya deyatel`nost`. 2017. № 3. S. 32–43.
4.Ragulin A.V., Postanyuk V.D. Nezakonnoe presledovanie predstavitelej biznesa v sovremennoj Rossii: prichiny`, tendencii i perspektivy` protivodejstviya. Interv`yu s advokatom Vladimirom Dmitrievichem Postanyukom // Evrazijskaya advokatura. 2017. № 6 (31). S. 7–10.
5.Rastoropova O.V., Nechaev A.D. Prestupleniya e`konomicheskoj napravlennosti: ponyatie, priznaki, sistema // Probely` v rossijskom zakonodatel`stve. 2017. № 2. S. 121–124.
6.S``eli offshory` [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://versia.ru/vozobnovilsya-sudebnyj-process-po-rezonansnomu-delu-o-xishhenii-86-mlrd-rub--u-pao-tolyattiazot.
7.Urakov D.I. Ugolovnoe presledovanie po ugolovny`m delam o moshennichestve v sfere e`konomicheskoj deyatel`nosti: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2017.
8.E`ks-direktoru chelyabinskogo «GorE`koCentra» pred``yavili obvinenie v rastrate byudzhetny`x sredstv [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://www.interfax.ru/russia/630716.
 
PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATE
Olenev A.B.
Problems of the regulation of the professional privilege of the lawyer defender criminal case on commission of the actions which are not contradicting the legislation of Russian federation: theoretical analysis
Purpose: Conducting a theoretical analysis of the regulation of the professional rights of defense attorneys in a criminal case to commit acts that do not contradict legislation in foreign states.
Methodology: Formal-legal, historical and comparative-legal methods were used.
Results: The author comes to a conclusion that in standard fixing of the studied professional privilege there is a certain defect of the legal equipment caused by various text fixing of the studied right in provisions of various regulations. It is offered to carry out unification of the terminology used by the legislator and also to specify in provisions of the legislation that actions of the lawyer should not contradict as well to acts of Federal chamber of lawyers of the Russian Federation and Chamber of Advocates of the subject of the Russian Federation which member the lawyer is.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts of a research of a standard regulation of the professional right of the lawyer defender on criminal case for commission of the actions which aren’t contradicting the legislation.
Keywords: the lawyer defender, the professional rights of the lawyer, the right of the lawyer defender for commission of the actions which aren’t contradicting the legislation.
References (transliterated)
1.https://glosum.ru/Znachenie-slova-Dejstvie.
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HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Smolina Ju.V.
Discrimination at work: some problems and solutions
Purpose: To Study discrimination in the field of work in order to highlight the main problems, to find ways to solve the main problems.
Methodology: Analysis and formally legal methods were used.
Results: The article highlights the main problems of discrimination in the field of labor. The right to work is a fundamental human right. Labour discrimination is an unacceptable phenomenon that must be countered. However, it is worth noting that discrimination in the field of labor, unfortunately, in the modern world remains an inevitable companion of labor relations. The current legislation of the Russian Federation and international legal acts are currently trying to avoid such violations, but a clear mechanism of ways to follow the letter of the law has not yet been developed. This conclusion is also pointed out by judicial practice: first, at present there is no clear judicial practice on these issues, and, secondly, judicial practice in these cases is formed rather slowly due to the fact that employees often do not know their labor rights or do not want to lose their jobs.
Novelty/originality/value: The Article has a high scientific value, as it is one of the first attempts to consider the problems of discrimination in modern society, as well as to find ways to solve this problem through the prism of changes in the current legislation.
Keywords: discrimination, sphere of work, rights of citizens, responsibility.
References (transliterated)
1.Abdumanalov R. Trudovaya migraciya // Territoriya soglasiya. 2005. № 2(7). S. 22–24.
2.Bol`shoj rossijskij e`nciklopedicheskij slovar`. M.: Drofa, 2003.
3.Bol`shoj e`konomicheskij slovar` / pod red. A.N. Azrilyana. M.: Institut novoj e`konomiki, 2002.
4.Vseobshhaya deklaraciya prav cheloveka // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
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6.Gender i e`konomika: mirovoj opy`t i e`kspertiza rossijskoj praktiki / otv. red. i sost. kand. e`kon. nauk E.B. Mezenceva. M.: ISE`PN RAN – MCzGI: Russkaya panorama, 2002.
7.Grebenshhikov A.V., Mavrin S.P., Xoxlov E.B. Kurs rossijskogo trudovogo prava: v 3 t. Chast` obshhaya. T. 1 / pod obshh. red. S.P. Mavrina, A.S. Pashkova, E.B. Xoxlova [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://lawlibrary.ru/izdanie13566.html.
8.Deklaraciya o likvidacii vsex form neterpimosti i diskriminacii na osnove religii i ubezhdenij // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
9.Deklaraciya YuNESKO o rase i rasovy`x predrassudkax // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
10.Dmitrieva I.K. Principy` rossijskogo trudovogo prava: monografiya. M.: RPA MYu RF: Cifrovichok, 2004.
11.Evropejskaya konvenciya o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovny`x svobod // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
12.Innovacionny`e dominanty` social`no-trudovoj sfery`: e`konomika i upravlenie, Voronezh, 26 maya 2017 g. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29342262.
13.Isupova O. Nedostatochno oplachivaemaya rabota: pochemu my` soglashaemsya? // Socis. 2002. № 3. S. 62–71.
14.Konvenciya 111. Konvenciya o diskriminacii v oblasti truda i zanyatij // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
15.Konvenciya 97 MOT «O rabotnikax-migrantax» (peresmotrennaya v 1949 g.) // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
16.Konvenciya YuNESKO o bor`be s diskriminaciej v oblasti obrazovaniya // Diskriminaciya vne zakona: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. A.Ya. Kapustin. M.: Yurist``, 2003.
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JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kudryavtsev V.L.
Some theoretical and methodological problems of the objective side of falsification of evidence and results of operational investigative activities (article 303 of the Criminal Code
of the Russian Federation)
Purpose: Investigation of some theoretical and methodological problems of the objective side of falsification of evidence and results of operational investigative activities.
Methodology: Formal-legal methods were used.
Results: The article reveals some theoretical and methodological problems of the objective side of falsification of evidence and the results of investigative activities. Installed, what should be understood under the «falsification of evidence and the results of investigative activities». The article deals with the problems of qualification of crimes under article 303 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a scientific value, representing the disclosure of theoretical and methodological problems arising both in theory and in practice in the qualification associated with the objective side of falsification of evidence and the results of operational and investigative activities.
Keywords: criminal law, crimes against justice, corpus delicti, objective side, falsification of evi-dence and results of operational investigative activity, criminal procedure, proof, evidence, investigator, court.
References (transliterated)
1.Astashov S.V. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv po grazhdanskomu delu (chasti 1 i 3 stat`i 303 UK RF): problemy` ugolovno-pravovoj reglamentacii i kvalifikacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2013.
2.Golodnyuk M.N. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv // Kurs ugolovnogo prava: v 5 t. T. 5. Osobennaya chast` / pod red. G.N. Borzenkova, V.S. Komisarova. M.: Zerczalo, 2002.
3.Ershova N.V. Proverka dostovernosti zayavleniya o fal`sifikacii dokazatel`stva v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2014.
4.Ivanov I.S. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za fal`sifi-kaciyu dokazatel`stv po ugolovnomu delu: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2005.
5.Kondratov P.E. Kommentarij k st. 303 UK RF // Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejny`j). Osobennaya chast`. Razdely` X–XII: v 4 t. / A.V. Brilliantov, A.V. Galaxova i dr.; otv. red. V.M. Lebedev. M.: Yurajt, 2017. T. 4.
6.Kondrat`ev A.A. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za fal`sifikaciyu dokazatel`stv po ugolovnomu delu liczami, osushhestvlyayushhimi predvaritel`noe rassledovanie: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2009.
7.Konyaeva A. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv: teoriya i praktika // E`Zh-Yurist. 2017. № 48.
8.Kudryavcev V.L. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv i ope-rativno-rozy`sknoj deyatel`nosti // E`nciklopediya ugolovnogo prava. T. 28. Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya / Izd. prof. Malinina. SPb.: MIE`P pri MPA EvrAZE`S, 2017.
9.Kuzneczov A.P., Sidorov B.V. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv (st. 303 UK RF) // Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaya chast`: uchebnik / pod red. F.R. Sundurova, M.V. Talan. M.: Statut, 2012.
10.Ozhegov S.I. Slovar` russkogo yazy`ka: Ok. 57000 slov / pod red. N.Yu. Shvedovoj. 14-e izd., stereotip. M.: Rus. yaz., 1982.
11.Radionov G.G. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost` za fal`sifikaciyu dokazatel`stv i rezul`tatov operativno-rozy`sknoj deyatel`nosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2015.
12.Revin V.P. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv (st. 303 UK RF) // Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaya chast`: uchebnik. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. / pod red. V.P. Revina. M.: Yusticinform, 2009.
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14.Czvetkov Yu.A. Voprosy` ob``ektivnoj storony` fal`sifikacii dokazatel`stv // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2016. № 6.
15.Chuchaev A.I. Fal`sifikaciya dokazatel`stv // Ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaya chast`: uchebnik / pod red. prof. A.I. Raroga. M.: Institut mezhdunarodnogo prava i e`konomiki: Triada, Ltd, 1996.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Sheveleva S.V.
On the issue of the effectiveness of the criminal law mechanism of protection of scientific research
Purpose: To identify and resolve the problems of qualification of attacks, where the subject of the crime is the money allocated for research.
Methodology: System-structural and formal-logical methods were used.
Results: The measures aimed at minimizing such criminal attacks are proposed. Given the predominantly applied nature of the study, the results can be used to form a uniform practice of criminal law on fraud.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a certain scientific value, since the very formulation of a number of General theoretical and practical issues of the chosen topic and the proposed solutions from the standpoint of criminal law has not been considered.
Keywords: fraud, plagiarism, research work.
References (transliterated)
1.Manaxov S.V. Razvitie nauchnoj deyatel`nosti v vuzax – novy`j prioritet gosudarstvennoj nauchno-texnicheskoj politiki Rossii // Vestnik Rossijskogo e`konomicheskogo universiteta im. G.V. Plexanova. 2013. № 8 (62). S. 29–36.
2.Opredelenie Arxangel`skogo oblastnogo suda ot 28.07.2015. Ugolovnoe delo № 22-1589/2015 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
3.Postanovlenie Kovrovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 15.01.2015. Ugolovnoe delo № 1-345/2014 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
4.Prigovor apellyacionnoj instancii Chelyabinskogo oblastnogo suda ot 18.01.2015. Ugolovnoe delo № 10-272/2015 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
5.Prigovor Leninskogo rajonnogo suda g. Ivanovo ot 03.07.2016. Ugolovnoe delo № 1-93/2016 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
6.Prigovor Leninskogo rajonnogo suda g. Orenburga ot 16.07.2013. Ugolovnoe delo № 1-310/2013 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
7.Prigovor Pravoberezhnogo rajonnogo suda g. Magnitogorska Chelyabinskoj oblasti. Delo № 1-272/2014 ot 09.11.2014 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
8.Prigovor Serpuxovskogo gorodskogo suda Moskovskoj oblasti ot 07.08.2017. Ugolovnoe delo № 1-3/2017 (1-499/2016) [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://bsr1.sudrf.ru/bigs/portal.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Babich N.V.
Features of some modern concepts and models of the organization and activities of the investigative body in Russia
Purpose: To explore the individual concepts of the organization of the preliminary investigation bodies in Russia and the models for their implementation, as well as to identify their positive and negative sides.
Methodology: Historical, modeling, and formal legal methods, as well as a comparative legal approach were used.
Results: The article considers a set of interrelated theoretical, legal, and organizational features and problems of individual concepts and models of building preliminary investigation bodies in the context of the reform of the law enforcement system in the Russian Federation. The concept of a unified and independent investigative agency and the model for its implementation in Russia in detail in order to increase the objectivity and impartiality of the participants in the preliminary investigation were analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, since it is one of the first complex attempts to investigate the features of individual concepts and models of the organization and activities of preliminary investigation bodies in the context of their development. Developed and justified new legal proposals and recommendations relating to the implementation in practice of the concept of a unified and independent investigative agency.
Keywords: preliminary investigation bodies, the concept of a single and independent investigative agency, legal status, prosecutor, investigator, head of the investigative body, investigating judge, traditional and non-traditional models of the construction of the investigative apparatus.
References (transliterated)
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2.Alpeev A.S. Kriticheski vazhny`e ob``ekty`. Terminologiya bezopasnosti // Voprosy` kiberbezopasnosti. 2016. № 4 (17). S. 75–76.
3.Amirbekov K.I. Balans polnomochij prokurora i rukovoditelya sledstvennogo organa: konceptual`ny`j podxod // Vestnik Akademii General`noj prokuratury` Rossijskoj Federacii. 2013. № 1 (33). S. 28–35.
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10.Trifonova E. Prezidentu i prokuroram dobavyat polnomochij [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.ng.ru/politics/2017-12-18/3_7138_concept.html.
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12.Zor`kin V.D. Konstituciya zhivet v zakonax. Rezervy` povy`sheniya kachestva rossijskogo zakonodatel`stva // Zhurnal konstitucionnogo pravosudiya. 2015. № 3. S. 1–5.
13.Kovtun N.N. Institut specializirovanny`x sledstven-ny`x sudej: k diskussii o vektorax zakonodatel`noj voli // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovy`x issledovanij. 2015. № 2 (3). S. 174–183.
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16.Morshhakova T.G. Predlozheniya o kompetencii i poryadke formirovaniya instituta sledstvenny`x sudej v Rossijskoj Federacii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://president sovet.ru/files/bf/f9/bff99bb741943f8aa3e9c0b85cdeb243.pdf.
17.Otkry`taya Rossiya. Sledstvenny`j komitet i prokuraturu mogut vnov` ob``edinit`. 17 Noyabrya 2017, 22:46 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://openrussia.org/notes/716195/.
18.Otchety` General`noj prokuratury` Rossijskoj Federacii formy` № 507 «Svedeniya o reabilitacii licz v poryadke, ustanovlennom glavoj 18 Ugolovno-processual`nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» za 2010-j, 2011-j god i za 9 mesyacev 2012 g. Razdel 4.
19.Otchety` General`noj prokuratury` Rossijskoj Federacii formy` № 514 «Svedeniya o rezul`tatax nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov na dosudebnoj stadii ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva» za 2011-j god i yanvar`–sentyabr` 2012 goda. Razdel 1. Str. 15–17.
20.Pashin V.M., Kobozev A.A. Problemy` kadrovoj doktriny` v sisteme MVD Rossii // Administrativnoe i municipal`noe pravo. 2013. № 1.
21.Petrakova L.V., Gaag I.A. K voprosu o edinom Sledstvennom komitete v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2015. № 2(2). S. 196–199.
22.Petruxin I.L. Teoreticheskie osnovy` reformy` ugolovnogo processa v Rossii. M., 2004. Ch. I. S. 86.
23.Piyuk A.V. «Sledstvenny`j sud`ya» ili «sudebny`j sledovatel`»: kakaya reforma nam nuzhna? // Ugolovnaya yusticiya. 2014. № 2 (4). S. 24–28.
24.Problemy` zakonodatel`nogo obespecheniya proekta koncepcii ugolovnoj politiki obsudili v Sovete Federacii [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www. council.gov.ru/events/news/87501/.
25.Rekomendaciya № R (2000) 19 KMSE «O roli prokuratury` v sisteme ugolovnogo pravosudiya» ot 6 oktyabrya 2000 g. // Sovet Evropy` i Rossiya: sbornik dokumentov / otv. red. Yu.Yu. Berstenev. M.: Yurid. lit., 2004. S. 746–779.
26.Saakyan D.O. Ediny`j Sledstvennoj komitet: vzglyady` za i protiv // Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N. Nekrasova. 2014. № 3. T. 3. S. 208–210.
27.Boby`lev S. Chajka snova vy`stupil za sozdanie edinogo Sledstvennogo komiteta pri prokurature // INTERFAX. 2018 [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.interfax.ru/russia/617104.
28.Podosenov S. Prokurature mogut vernut` pravo vozbuzhdat` dela. Vedomstvo Yuriya Chajki dolzhno poluchit` ravny`e polnomochiya so Sledstvenny`m komitetom, schitayut deputaty` // Izvestiya [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: https://iz.ru/news/542077.
29.Smirnov A.V. Vozrozhdenie instituta sledstvenny`x sudej v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // RAPSI. 2015. 24 fevr. [E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://rapsinews.ru/.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Rakhimov E.Kh.
Problematic issues of state control of a contract system as determinants of corruption
Purpose: To improve the current system of state control of the procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs in order to reduce the level of corruption.
Methodology: Formal-legal and comparative methods, analysis, synthesis were used.
Results: A Number of problems arising in the implementation of state control of the contract system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works and services for provision of state and municipal needs were identified.
Novelty/originality/value: Recommendations were proposed to eliminate problematic issues of exercising state control in the contract system, allowing to increase the level of its transparency and reduce the level of corruption manifestations in this area.
Keywords: contract system, economic security, state order, state control, corruption.
References (transliterated)
1.http://www.ach.gov.ru/press_center/publications-in-mass-media/26507.
2.Byulleten` Schetnoj palaty`. 2018. № 6 (iyun`)[E`lektronny`j resurs]. URL: http://www.ach.gov.ru/activities/bulleten/bulletin-of-the-accounting-chamber-6-june-2018.php?sphrase_id=8678375.
3.Naumov Yu.G. Institucional`naya korrupciya kak ugroza e`konomicheskoj bezopasnosti: tendencii i perspektivy` protivodejstviya. M.: Akademiya upravleniya MVD Rossii, 2012.
4. Xismatullin O.Yu., Arutyunyan M.S., Raximov E`.X. Osobennosti osushhestvleniya gosudarstvenny`x zakupok dlya nuzhd OVD: pravovy`e i organizacionny`e aspekty`. Ufa, 2017.
5.Ly`senko E.S. Nekotory`e osobennosti vzy`skaniya zakonnoj neustojki v pravootnosheniyax, reguliruemy`x zakonodatel`stvom o kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlya obespecheniya gosudarstvenny`x i municipal`ny`x nuzhd // Evrazijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2017. № 11 (114). S. 180–182.
6.Arutyunyan M.S., Igbaeva G.R. i dr. Osnovy` grazhdanskogo prava: kurs lekcij. Ufa, 2016.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Nikitin V.V.
Technical regulation and limits of freedom of the contract
Purpose: Research of conception of freedom of contract in civil law in the context of rapid multiplication of technical regulation, which sets limits to freedom of contract.
Methodology: It was used method of comparative studies and formal juridical approach. The article is part of inter-disciplinary research as concept of freedom of contract is part of civil law and technical regulation is part of administrative law.
Results: It is exposed contradiction between unlimited freedom of contract and development of technical progress. In frame of contract regulation mandatory technical regulation manifests in requirements to quality of result of work. In addition, in general it manifests in ban of legal misconduct and necessity to duly fulfill specific perfomance.
Novelty/originality/value: The article makes tribute to deepening of understanding of freedom of contract and is directed to diminish deficit of inter-disciplinary research on the edge of civil law and administrative law.
Keywords: technical regulation, freedom of contract, contractors, contracts, technologies, civil law, administrative regulation, standardization, contractual liability, torts.
References (transliterated)
1.Andreeva L.V. Mery` po povy`sheniyu kachestva i konkurentosposobnosti rossijskix tovarov v usloviyax importozameshheniya // Aktual`ny`e problemy` predprinimatel`skogo i korporativnogo prava v Rossijskoj Federacii i za rubezhom: sbornik nauchny`x statej III Mezhdunarodno-prakticheskoj konferencii (25 aprelya 2016 g. Moskva) / E.A. Abrosimova i dr.; pod obshh. red. S.D. Mogilevskogo, M.A. Egorovoj. M.: RANXiGS pri Prezidente Rossijskoj Federacii: Yusticinform, 2016.
2.Voronova A.A. Kachestvo vy`polneniya rabot v dogovore podryada // Yurist. 2015. № 18. C. 28–30.
3.Klimova A.N. Iz istorii razvitiya principa svobody` dogovora v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave // Yuridicheskaya nauka. 2015. № 2. C. 48–53.
4.Konoplyov S. I snova ob «obyazatel`ny`x» i «dobrov-l`ny`x» standartax // Stroitel`ny`j biznes [E`lek-tronny`j re-surs]. URL: http://ancb.com/publication/read/2497/.
5.Lafitskij V. Texnicheskoe regulirovanie v zarubezh-ny`x stranax // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2006. № 9.
6.Nikitin V.V. Dogovory` v stroitel`stve s inostranny`m uchastiem // Vestnik arbitrazhny`j praktiki. 2016. № 3. C. 25–34.
7.Tereshhenko L., Tixomirov Yu., Xabrieva T. Koncepciya pravovogo obespecheniya texnicheskogo regulirovaniya // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2006. № 9. C. 3–17.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Isupova E.A.
Control over the equivalence of contractual terms in Russian legislation
Purpose: To analyze the current legislation, to consider the approach to the problem of parity of rights and obligations of the parties arising from their entry into legal relations.
Methodology: Author used formal-legal method.
Results: Affecting the changes made by the legislator in the field of equalization of rights and opportunities in the resolution of disputes between parties to transactions, as well as issues related to the correct formulation of the judicial act, the author points not only to the fact that the problem of violation of the rights of one of the parties due to its privileged position between the participants of business turnover exists, but also to real attempts by the state to legally eliminate this problem.
Novelty/originality/value: The author, analyzing the current legislation, describing the approach to the problem of parity of rights and obligations of the parties arising as a result of their entry into legal relations, also touches upon the issue of regulation of relations between them by the state as a guarantor of observance of their rights and coercion of one of the parties to fulfill their obligations in full, in case of their non-fulfillment.
Keywords: contract, equivalence, freedom of contract, legal relations, contract terms.
References (transliterated)
1.Postanovlenie Plenuma VAS RF ot 14 marta 2014 g. № 16 «O svobode dogovora i eyo predelax».
2.Braginskij M.I., Vitryanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kn. 1. Obshhie polozheniya. 3-e izd., stereotip. M., 2011.
3.Bogdanova E.E. Vozmezdnost` i e`kvivalentnost` v grazhdanskom prave Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonodatel`stvo i e`konomika. 2016. № 5. S. 19–25.
4.Vitryanskij V.V. Special`ny`e dogovorny`e konstrukcii v usloviyax reformirovaniya grazhdanskogo zakonodatel`stva // Grazhdanskoe pravo i sovremennost`: sb. statej, posvyashhenny`j pamyati M.I. Braginskogo / pod red. V.N. Litovkina, K.B. Yaroshenko. M., 2013.
5.Kagal`niczkova N.V., Vitviczkaya V.R. Grazhdansko-pravovy`e posledstviya dejstvij, sovershenny`x bez neobxodimogo soglasiya // Vestnik VolGU. Seriya 5. Yurisprudenciya. 2015. № 2. S. 97–102.
6.Myagkova O.I. Zashhita slaboj storony` ot nespravedlivy`x uslovij dogovora v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave //Rossijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. № 1 (106). S. 123–135.
 
EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE
Ragulin A.V.
Compensations for victim of accident on the Arbatsko Pokrovskoi line of Moscow Metro on July 15, 2014:abnormality of application of the law by court and inadequacy amount
Purpose: A research of circumstances of the civil cases connected with claims for payment of compensation of moral harm to the persons which were injured in accident on the Arbatsko Pokrovskoi line of Moscow Metro on July 15, 2014 for removal of the general regularities of law-enforcement practice.
Methodology: Historical, formal legal methods and a method of studying of documents were used.
Results: The author comes to a conclusion that provisions of the CCP of the Russian Federation about a possibility of the judge at own discretion to divide claim requirements (the p. 2 of Art. 151 of the CCP of the Russian Federation) not fully are equitable to the interests of claimants according to class actions. The conclusion is also drawn that the criteria of rationality and justice put in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation as conditions of determination of the amount of compensation of moral harm (Art. 1101 of СС PF) do not meet needs of claimants in the corresponding claims owing to excessive abstractness and uncertainty. It is noted that courts at permission of business and decision unreasonably give a priority to those precepts of law which provisions allow to minimize the amount of compensation of moral harm (Art. 1100 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation for court are more priority than Art. 1068 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation). The conclusion is also drawn that courts, in defiance of provisions of Art. 151 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, in cases of compensation of moral harm do not consider others, the circumstances deserving attention which can be considered when determining the amount of compensation of moral harm and do not pay sufficient attention to a question of accounting of degree of fault of the violator.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts of a research of adequacy of the amount of compensation of moral harm through a prism of court practice on affairs having the high public importance.
Keywords: moral harm, subway, accident, responsibility, delicate obligations.
References (transliterated)
1.Babayan K.A. Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda: analiz grazhdanskogo zakonodatel`stva, teoriya i praktika // Problemy` grazhdanskogo i grazhdanskogo processual`nogo prava: sbornik materialov nauchnogo studencheskogo kruzhka pri kafedre grazhdanskogo prava. M.: Izd-vo Ros. tamozh. Akad., 2011. Vy`p. 1. S. 53–58.
2.Belyakova A.M. Imushhestvennaya otvetstvennost` za prichinenie vreda. M., 1979. S. 10.
3.Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda. Analiz i kommentarij zakonodatel`stva i sudebnoj praktiki / A.M. E`r-delevskij. 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. M.: Volters Kluver, 2004.
4.Malein N.S. O moral`nom vrede // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1993. № 3. S. 33.
5.E`rdelevskij A.M. Kompensaciya moral`nogo vreda M.: R.Valent, 2007.
6.E`rdelevskij A.M. Moral`ny`j vred i kompensaciya za stradaniya. M., 1997. S. 40–56.
 
JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Feedback of the official opponent, doctor of juridical sciences, associate professor A.V. Ragulin on the thesis of P.P. Kiselev on the topic: «Advocate investigation:legal and organizational aspects» submitted to the defense for the scientific degree of candidate of juridical sciences on specialty 12.00.11 in Dissertation Council D 999.125.02, Nizhny Novgorod, 2018.
 
POLICY AND ECONOMY OF EURASIA
Chudinovskikh M.V.
Regulation of distance work in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union
Purpose: Development of proposals for improving the legal regulation of distance work in the Eurasian Economic Union.
Methodology: The article is conducted on the basis of a comparative legal method and analysis of judicial practice.
Results: This article presents comparison of the distance work regulation in the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Republic of Armenia. The author outlines imperfection of the current legislation and problems of law enforcement practice.
Novelty/originality/value: The author suggests recommendations for improving the current legislation by regulating the responsibilities of employers in providing communication and communication facilities, compensating workers’ expenses related to the performance of labor functions.
Keywords: labor legislation, distance work, guarantees, compensation, Eurasian Economic Union.
References (transliterated)
1.Vasil`eva Yu.V., Shuraleva S.V. Soderzhanie trudovogo dogovora o distancionnoj rabote: teoreticheskie aspekty` // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Yuridicheskie nauki. 2015. № 2 (28). S. 88–93.
2.Dzhioev S.X. O pravovom regulirovanii distancionnoj raboty` // Zakony` Rossii: opy`t, analiz, praktika. 2012. № 10.
3.Efimov V.A. Transformaciya trudovy`x otnoshenij v usloviyax informatizacii // Teoriya i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitiya. 2018. № 1.
4.Zakalyuzhnaya N.V. Pravovoe polozhenie rabotnika v distancionnom pravootnoshenii // Vestnik BGU. 2015. № 1.
5.Izbienova T.A., Chuprakova A.O. Distancionny`e trudovy`e otnosheniya kak forma netipichnoj trudovoj zanyatosti // Marijskij yuridicheskij vestnik. 2017. № 1 (20). S. 101–102.
6.Nadirova A.K. K voprosu ob aktual`ny`x problemax pravovogo statusa sub``ektov trudovogo prava //Rossijskij ezhegodnik trudovogo prava. 2013. № 8. St. 553–563.
7.Smirnova O.G., Kazakova G.V. Trudovoj dogovor s distancionny`m rabotnikom: nekotory`e voprosy` // Vestnik Baltijskogo federal`nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. Seriya: Gumanitarny`e i obshhestvenny`e nauki. 2014. № 3. S. 142–147.
 

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