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International scientific and practical law journal Eurasian Journal of International Law

SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES № 3 (10) 2014

Historical experience
Martyshkin V.N.
Activity of institute of volost legal proceedings in post-reform Russia: to the 150 anniversary of adoption of Judicial Charters of 1864.
Purpose: Consideration of activity of institute of volost legal proceedings in Russia.
Methodology: The historical and legal method and formal – legal method were used.
Results: In article the main milestones of formation and a form of activity of volost court are opened, value of legal custom as a source of a positive law is revealed, requirements imposed to judges of volost vessels are formulated, questions of jurisdiction of civil and criminal cases and questions of the appeal of judgments are analyzed, the main organizational aspects of the subsequent reforming of institute of volost courts are revealed, examples of the most significant judgments made by volost courts of Mordovia are given.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses a certain scientific value as is one of the first attempts from the modern point of view to investigate questions of functioning of volost courts in Russia.
Keywords: volost court, judicial production, ethno law of mordovians.
References (transliterated)
1. Barinov V.V. Organizacija i dejatel’nost’ volostnyh sudov na territorii Respubliki Mordovija v konce XIX – nachale XX veka. – Saransk, 2013.
2. Bytovaja kul’tura mordvy / Pod obshh. red. N.F. Mokshina. – Saransk, 1990.
3. Vasil’ev T.V. Mordovija / NII Gumanitarnyh nauk pri Pravitel’stve Respubliki. – Saransk, 2007. – S. 72.
4. Volostnoj sud: «Gljadja po cheloveku» // Sud’ja. – 2009. – № 1. – S. 65.
5. Vremennye pravila o volostnom sude v mestnostjah, v kotoryh vvedeno polozhenie o zemskih uchastkovyh nachal’nikah. 1889 // PSZ RI. – T. IX. – SPb., 1891. – S. 528.
6. GANO, f. 64, op. 8, d. 8460, l. 69.
7. GAPO, f. 53, op. 1, d. 1791, l. 546–547.
8. Zarudnyj M.I. Zakony i zhizn’. Itogi issledovanija krest’janskih sudov. – SPb, 1874.
9. Koni A.F. Otcy i deti sudebnoj reformy. – SPb., 1914. – S. 11.
10. Majnov V.N. Ocherk juridicheskogo byta mordvy. – Saransk, 2007.
11. Manifest «O prekrashhenii vojny». 1856 // PSZ RI. – T. HHHI. – SPb., 1857. – C. 132.
12. Ob opredelenii v mestnostjah, v kotoryh vvedeno Polozhenie o zemskih uchastkovyh nachal’nikah, razmera denezhnogo voznagrazhdenija volostnogo starshiny, volostnogo pisarja, pomoshhnika volostnogo pisarja i sel’skogo starosty. 1893 // PSZ RI. – T. XIII. – SPb., 1897. – S. 590.
13. Obshhee polozhenie o krest’janah, vyshedshih iz krepostnoj zavisimosti. 1861 // PSZ RI. – T. HHHVI. – 1863. – C. 139.
14. Pahman S.V. Obychnoe grazhdanskoe pravo v Rossii. Juridicheskie ocherki. – S. 427, 430–440.
15. Smoljarchuk V.I. Anatolij Fedorovich Koni. – M., 1982. – S. 47–48.
16. Sushkova Ju.N. Jetnopravosudie u mordvy. – Saransk, 2009.
17. Tenishhev V.N. Pravosudie v russkom krest’janskom bytu. – Brjansk, 1907. – S. 140.
18. Trudy Komissii po preobrazovaniju volostnyh sudov. Tambovskaja gubernija. – SPb., 1873. – T. 1. – S. 241–298.
19. Ustavy 20 nojabrja 1864 g. // Sovremennaja letopis’. – 1864. – № 42. – St. 6–42.
20. Federal’naja celevaja programma «Ukreplenie edinstva rossijskoj nacii i jetnokul’turnoe razvitie narodov Rossii (2014–2020)», utverzhdena Postanovleniem Pravitel’stva RF ot 20.08.2013 № 718 // SZ RF. – 2013. – № 35. – S. 9749–9755.
21. Fojnickij I.Ja. Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. – T. 1, 2. – SPb., 1896.
22. CGA RM, f. 139, op. 1, d. 2, l. d. 5–39.
23. Chepurnoj K.K. K voprosu o juridicheskih obychajah: ustrojstvo i sostojanie volostnoj justicii Tambovskoj gubernii. – Kiev, 1874.

Historical experience
Erofeyev K.B.
V.I. Lenin and advocacy profession
Purpose: Research of practice of work of V. I. Lenin by the assistant to the barrister, review of the most interesting affairs.
Methodology: Historical- legal and formal-legal methods were used.
Results: In article in historical sequence stages of the biography of V.I. Lenin, connected with receiving legal education and work in the specialty are investigated. The next periods are allocated: the reasons of choice of profession, study at the Kazan and St. Petersburg universities, work as the assistant to the barrister in Samara and St. Petersburg. The review of the carried-out V.I. Ulyanov criminal and civil trials, results of work is made. The reasons of withdrawal from jury legal profession are established.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses a certain scientific value as, though operates with a known factual material, allows impartially and without binding to ideological stamps to estimate V.I. Lenin’s activity as lawyer, to compare the Soviet and Post-Soviet sources on this perspective.
Keywords: V.I. Lenin, advocacy profession history, barrister, revolutionary.
References (transliterated)
1. Mirzoev G.B. Nauka i advokatura // Uchenye trudy Rossijskoj akademii advokatury i notariata.  – 2013. – № 2 (29). – С. 5–11.
2. Pejn R. Lenin. Zhizn’ i smert’. – M., 2002. – (ZhZL).
3. Ragulin A.V. Institucionalizacija professional’nyh prav advokata-zashhitnika v sovetskom zakonodatel’stve // Novyj juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2012. – № 3. – С. 101–110.
4. Ragulin A.V. Formirovanie nauki ob advokature v Rossii // Evrazijskaja advokatura. – 2013. – № 2 (3). – С. 128–140.
5. Savich A.S., Jakovlev E.N. Ob advokature – interesno. – SPb., 2005.
6. Skripilev E. Iz biografii V.I. Lenina (O juridicheskoj dejatel’nosti V.I. Lenina) // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. – 1961. – № 3. – S. 111–125.
7. Sternik I.B. Juridicheskaja dejatel’nost’ V.I. Ul’janova (Lenina). – Tashkent: Uzbekistan, 1969.
8. Shahmatov V. O juridicheskoj dejatel’nosti V.I. Lenina. – M., 1979.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Inshakova A.O.
Hidden fees in the list of violations of the rights of citizens participating of credit-money relations
Purpose: To study the application of the existing legal mechanisms, as well as the identification of measures and recommendations of regulatory measures aimed at legal education of Russian citizens in literacy confrontation illegal actions of employees of banks, collection, microfinance institutions, prevention proliferating financial disputes, protection of civil rights of borrowers, neutralization of hidden threats and conflicts of credit relations, the use of which will contribute to strengthening the process of improving the financial well-being of the population and restructuring domestic economic environment.
Methodology: Comprehensive analysis of the legal regulation of national credit relations at both the federal and regional levels, conducted with statistical data, jurisprudence and doctrinal views submitted in fundamental and scientific periodicals of the financial and economic situation in the country, the number and types of abuse by credit institutions at the conclusion of the credit agreement with the citizens.
Results: In this article, specific recommendations to eliminate hidden dangers and problem cases credit relations between banks and borrowers citizens an example the most common among them – the problem of hidden fees. In addition, for the performance and evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages are analyzed ways to restore the rights of citizens – participants of monetary relations, in terms of return loan fees and other illegal commissions on loans. Impact study is pronounced and its application nature, aimed at extending financial culture and its legal framework between citizens participating monetary relations, which result in a projected state will allow significant expansion of their economic opportunities.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific novelty of this study is due to implemented in the article methodology , which consists in the comparative analysis tier federal and regional legislation creating a complex set of legal regulation of relations studied, taking into account the jurisprudence, statistical and other information material. This methodological step allowed to identify the most frequent violations of human rights borrowers, how to restore it, to determine the orientation of a complete application of the existing legal acts, detect collisions, and the nature of their need of detail is not in the abstract theoretical context, and in relation to the needs of the regulation of credit and monetary relations with the participation of citizens to a specific example of the region – the Volgograd region.
Keywords: monetary relations, credit institutions, the credit agreement, hidden fees, the fee for maintaining the loan account, the civil rights of consumer borrowers, how to restore the rights of citizens – participants of monetary relations.
References (transliterated)
1. Verdijan G.V. Princip dobrosovestnosti kak odin iz predelov osushhestvlenija grazhdanskih prav // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2012. – № 45. – С. 79–82.
2. Kosarenko N.N. Konstitucionno-pravovoe obespechenie publichnyh interesov v sfere strahovanija // Uchenye trudy Rossijskoj aka-demii advokatury i notariata. – 2013. – № 4 (31). – С. 116–120.
3. Opredelenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 17.05.2011 po delu № 3-V10-15. // SPS «Konsul’tant Pljus»
4. Oficial’nyj sajt Federal’noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.gks.ru/.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Zaborovskyy V.V.
Some problematic aspects design powers of attorneys in civil trial Ukraine
Purpose: To give as a theoretical analysis of the foundations for the implementation of advocacy and practical obstacles to their implementation. Besides, the author has the task on the basis of this analysis, to develop their own vision of bases participation of lawyers in civil litigation.
Methodology: The authors used legalistic method based on the consistency and comprehensiveness of its holding.
Results: The paper concludes that to obtain a real civil procedural status of representative of the person involved in the case, the lawyer should get some special personality, he gets clearance from the moment of his powers. Based on the analysis concludes that the sole basis for the implementation of advocacy is a contract for legal aid, while other documents certifying authority attorney (power of attorney, order, commission agency (agencies) authorized by law to provide free legal aid) is the only document that can be issued powers of the lawyer as a representative entity.
Novelty/originality/value: The paper has some important scientific value and practical significance, because it contains a comprehensive study basement a lawyer in civil litigation and the order of their registration, as well as practical obstacles to their implementation.
Keywords: attorney, authority, registration authority representative, the contract for legal aid, power of attorney, a warrant legal aid.
References (transliterated)
1. Bardin L.N., Mastinskij Ja.M., Minakov A.I. O nedostatkah Zakona ob advokatskoj dejatel’nosti i advokature po voprosu o pravovyh osnovanijah okazanija advokatom juridicheskoj pomoshhi // Advokatskaja praktika. – 2003. – № 4. – S. 2–5.
2. Voloshin V.V. Nasushhnye problemy advokata. Order advokata Ukrainy // Zhurnal Akademii advokatury Ukrainy. – 2011. – № 4 (13) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://archive.nbuv.gov.ua/e–journals/Chaau/2011–4/11vvvoau.pdf.
3. Drejzina D.V. Nekotorye voprosy uchastija advokata v grazhdanskom processe // Vestnik Hmel’nickogo instituta regional’nogo upravlenija i prava. – 2002. – № 2 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://univer.km.ua/visnyk/115.pdf.
4. Lisicyn R. Dlja chego advokatu order? // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2003. – № 8. – S. 29–31.
5. Pozdnjakova E.A.Teorija i praktika realizacii prav i objazannostej lica, dejstvujushhego v kachestve predstavitelja po doverennosti // Evrazijskaja advokatura. – 2013. – № 6 (7). – S. 41–47.
6. Polozhenie ob ordere advokata i porjadok vedenija reestra orderov, utverzhdennoe Resheniem Soveta advokatov Ukrainy № 36 ot 17 dekabrja 2012 goda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.unba.org.ua/pidvishchennya/..

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Zorin R.G, Krivel V.V., Sadovkay A.S.
Nature and extent of non-pecuniary damage in criminal procedure
Objective: To investigate the problem of establishing moral damages in the criminal process in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. Consider the relationship between the concepts of «harm» and «damage.» A comparative analysis of existing methodologies, tools, and methods for determining the amount of compensation for moral damage in the criminal process.
Methodology: The authors used legalistic and comparative legal methods.
Results: In criminal proceedings, it is necessary to use the term «injury» as harm includes species such as loss of profits and actual damages, including caused by non-property interests. To determine the extent and nature of moral and physical suffering is necessary to appoint a comprehensive psychological and psychiatric examination.
Novelty/originality/value: This article contains the author of the novel generalizations and conclusions that can be used in scientific and practical activities.
Keywords: criminal procedure, harm, damages, moral damages, the nature and size of non-pecuniary damage, the content of moral damage compensation for moral damages, the institution of non-pecuniary damage, methods of compensation for moral damage, moral and physical suffering, reparation of moral injury.
References (transliterated)
1. Arhiv Moskovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Rjazani za 2010 g. Ugolovnoe delo № 6-10/9.
2. Varshavskij K.M. Objazatel’stva, voznikajushhie vsledstvie prichinenija vreda drugomu. – M., 1929.
3. Latyshev S.V. K voprosu o mehanizme opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral’nogo vreda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://advokat-latyshev.by/criminallaw/mexaniz_kompensacii_moralnogo_vreda.
4. Kazancev V. Vozmeshhenie moral’nogo vreda // Rossijskaja justicija. – 1996. – № 5. – S. 48–49.
5. Karnomazov A.I. Konceptual’nye podhody k probleme opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral’nogo vreda // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn’: Akademicheskij i vuzovskij juridicheskij nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2004. – № 4.
6. Kravcova M.A. Teorija otrazhenija i ustanovlenie moral’nogo vreda, prichinennogo prestupleniem // Pravo.by. – 2012. – № 3. – S. 17–18.
7. Mytnik P.V. Vred = Ushherb. Problemy kompensacii // Sudebnyj vestnik. – 1996. – № 2. – S. 52.
8. Nagaev V.V. Osnovy sudebno-psihologicheskoj jekspertizy. – M., 2000.
9. Pereverzev A.S. Problemy opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral’nogo vreda // Gosudarstvo i pravo: teorija i praktika: Materialy mezhdunar. nauch. konf. – Cheljabinsk: Dva komsomol’ca, 2011. – S. 129– 132.
10. Potemkina A.T. Soderzhanie i ugolovno-pravovoe znachenie dejatel’nogo raskajanija // Novyj juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – № 2. – С. 208–218.
11. Savickij V.M. Jazyk processual’nogo zakona. – M.: Nauka, 1987.
12. Sidrov P.I., Parshenkov A.V. Vvedenie v klinicheskuju psihologiju / Pod obshh. red. P.I. Sidrova. – Ekaterinburg, 2000.
13. Smirnov A.V., Kalinovskij K.B. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual’nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. A.V. Smirnova. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Knorus, 2007.
14. Solov’ev V.N. Kompensacija moral’nogo vreda // JuRIST. – 2008. – № 7. – S. 7.
15. Solodko E. Moral’nyj vred. Ponjatie i porjadok vozmeshhenija // Biznes. – 1994. – № 8.
16. Holopova E.N. Pravovye osnovy sudebno-psihologicheskoj jekspertizy po faktu moral’nogo vreda v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: Monografija. – Kaliningrad, 2003.
17. Hohlova V.V. Problemy opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral’nogo vreda v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2013. – № 11 (51). – С 183–188.
18. Shadrin V. S. Obespechenie prav lichnosti pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. – M., 2000.
19. Shimon S.I. Kompensacija moral’nogo vreda kak sposob zashhity sub#ektivnyh grazhdanskih prav. – K., 1998.
20. Jerdelevskij A.M. O razmere vozmeshhenija moral’nogo vreda // Rossijskaja justicija. – 1994. – № 10. – S. 17–18.

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Sidorov A.S.
To the issue of court practice of legislative execution about procedural costs in criminal cases
Purpose: An analysis of the dispositions of current procedural criminal legislation and the Determination of Plenum of Supreme Court of Russian Federation from the December, 19 2013 № 42 «On the court practice of legislative execution about procedural costs in criminal cases».
Methodology: The comparative and technical law methods were used.
Results: There was educed the uncertainty in regulation of use clauses 131 and 132 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Russian Federation by preliminary investigation bodies and courts. The question is in recovery of procedural costs from convicted person as honorary for lawyer who was participated in a criminal case by the investigator or court. This in turn lead not only to the participants’ violation of the rights but also to the unnecessary government’s costs.
Novelty/originality/value: This article is one of the first attempts which gives the impersonal judging of the Determination of Plenum of Supreme Court of Russian Federation from the December, 19 2013 № 42 «On the court practice of legislative execution about procedural costs in criminal cases».
Keywords: lawyer, criminal case, procedural costs.
References (transliterated)
1. Verhovnyj Sud RF utochnil, kak platit’ advokatam po naznacheniju // Pravo.ru [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://pravo.ru/news/view/64029/.
2. Doverie institutam vlasti // Levada centr: analiticheskij centr Jurija Levady [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.levada.ru/07-10-2013/doverie-institutam-vlasti.
3. Isaev S.A. Ob oplate truda advokata po naznacheniju organov doznanija, predvaritel’nogo sledstvija ili suda // Bjulleten’ Advokatskoj palaty Sverdlovskoj oblasti. – 2009. – № 4 (24) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.advpalataro.ru/publications/index.php?ID=6502.
4. Leshkov A.G. Zloupotreblenija UMVD pri oplate raboty advokata po naznacheniju // Pravorub [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: https://pravorub.ru/cases/31884.html.
5. Metodicheskie rekomendacii o porjadke podachi zajavlenija ob oplate truda advokata, uchastvujushhego v kachestve zashhitnika v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve po naznacheniju. Utverzhdeny resheniem Soveta Advokatskoj Palaty Stavropol’skogo kraja ot 24 sentjabrja 2013 go-
da // Advokatskaja Palata Stavropol’skogo kraja [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.palatask.ru/forlawers.
6. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo suda RF za 4-j kvartal 2010 g. // Verhovnyj Sud Rossijskoj Federacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.vsrf.ru/second.php.
7. Polozhenie o vozmeshhenii processual’nyh izderzhek, svjazannyh s proizvodstvom po ugolovnomu delu, izderzhek v svjazi s rassmotreniem grazhdanskogo dela, a takzhe rashodov v svjazi s vypolneniem trebovanij Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii», utv. Postanovleniem Pravitel’stva RF ot 01.12.2012 № 1240 (red. ot 14.05.2013) «O porjadke i razmere vozmeshhenija processual’nyh izderzhek, svjazannyh s proizvodstvom po ugolovnomu delu, izderzhek v svjazi s rassmotreniem grazhdanskogo dela, a takzhe rashodov v svjazi s vypolneniem trebovanij Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii, i o priznanii utrativshimi silu nekotoryh aktov Soveta Ministrov RSFSR i Pravitel’stva Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul’tant pljus».
8. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RSFSR ot 26 sentjabrja 1973 goda № 8 «O sudebnoj praktike po primeneniju zakonodatel’stva o vzyskanii sudebnyh izderzhek po ugolovnym delam» // Sbornik postanovlenij plenumov Verhovnyh Sudov SSSR i RSFSR (Rossijskoj Federacii) po ugolovnym delam. – 4-e izd. – M.: Spark, 1996, s posledujushh. izm.
9. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda SSSR ot 18 marta 1963 g. № 4 «Ob ustranenii nedostatkov v praktike vzyskanija sudebnyh rashodov po grazhdanskim delam i sudebnyh izderzhek po ugolovnym delam» // Sbornik postanovlenij plenumov Verhovnyh Sudov SSSR i RSFSR (Rossijskoj Federacii) po grazhdanskim delam. – 5-e izd. – M.: Spark, 1996.
10. Prikaz Minjusta Rossii № 174, Minfina Rossii № 122n ot 05.09.2012 «Ob utverzhdenii porjadka rascheta voznagrazhdenija advokata, uchastvujushhego v kachestve zashhitnika v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve po naznacheniju organov doznanija, organov predvaritel’nogo sledstvija ili suda, v zavisimosti ot slozhnosti ugolovnogo dela» // SPS «Konsul’tant Pljus».
11. Rossijskaja gazeta: Federal’nyj vypusk. – 2013. – № 6270 (27 dekabrja).
12. Sergeev V.I. Juridicheskie jetjudy. Aforizmy i razmyshlenija o prave i bespravii / Predislov. V. Solov’eva. – M.: Jurist, 2007.

JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFOR CEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Grechkina O.V.
Tendencies of formation of administrative judicial jurisdiction in Russia at the modern stage
Purpose: Research of a current state of legal regulation of administrative judicial jurisdiction and prospects of legislative fixing of model of administrative legal proceedings in Russia.
Methodology: Comparative and legal and formally legal methods were used.
Results: Article is devoted to the analysis of the content of the administrative judicial jurisdiction. It is noted that it is a component of justice and now is carried out as administrative legal proceedings by rules of several regulations of various branch accessory. However the model of administrative legal proceedings offered by the legislator in the draft of the Code of administrative legal proceedings, according to the author, unfairly excludes consideration by judges of affairs on administrative offenses. The opinion that the modern model of the legislation on administrative responsibility unfairly includes both material, and a legal procedure is expressed also. It is noted that the most rare feature now is that courts of law and world judges as well as non-judicial administrative bodies, are guided by hearing of cases about administrative offenses by the same standards of the Code of the Russian Federation about administrative offenses. Need of acceptance in the short term material and procedural codes is proved. Thus the material code may contain general provisions and special part (types of offenses). The procedural code can regulate affairs production about the administrative offenses, carried out by administrative bodies.
Novelty/originality/value: Сonsists in the complex analysis of modern legal regulation of administrative judicial jurisdiction on the basis of which the main problems in the specified area are revealed and ways of optimization of the legislation on administrative responsibility and administrative legal proceedings are offered.
Keywords: administrative judicial jurisdiction, administrative legal proceedings, administrative offenses.
References (transliterated)
1. Bahrah D.N. Administrativnoe sudoproizvodstvo v Rossii v nachale XXI veka // Policejskoe pravo. – 2007. – № 1(19). – S 14.
2. Vidashev I.I. K voprosu o sozdanii administrativ-nyh sudov v Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – № 4 (59). – S. 114–119.
3. Demin A.A. Problemy metodov pravovogo regulirovanija // Administrativnoe pravo i administrativnyj process: aktual’nye problemy: Sbornik statej. – M.: Jurist#, 2004. – S. 104–127.
4. Zhenetl’ S.Z. Administrativnyj process i administrativnye procedury v uslovijah administrativnoj reformy: Avtoref. dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. – M., 2009. – S. 9.
5. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 aprelja 1993 g. № 4866-1 «Ob obzhalovanii v sud dejstvij i reshenij, narushajushhih prava i svobody grazhdan» // Vedomosti SND i VS RF. – 1993. – № 19. – St. 685.
6. Maslennikov M.Ja. Rossijskij administrativno-processual’nyj kodeks – real’nyj i samodostatochnyj // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2012. – № 2. – S. 22–29.
7. Omaev A.H. Prednaznachenie, celi i zadachi apelljacii v arbitrazhnom processe // Jekonomika i pravo. – XXI vek. – 2013. – № 3. – S. 117–124.
8. Proekt Federal’nogo zakona «Kodeks administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.rg.ru/pril/article/78/40/32/proekt-pervoe_chtenie.pdf.
9. Sorokin V.D. Administrativnyj process i administrativno-processual’noe pravo. – SPb.: Izdatel’stvo Juridicheskogo instituta, 2002. – S. 176.
10. Starilov Ju.N. Administrativnyj process v sisteme administrativno-deliktnyh pravovyh koordinat // Aktual’nye voprosy administrativno-deliktnogo prava: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 70-letiju Zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, d.ju.n., professora A.P. Shergina. – M.: VNII MVD Rossii, 2005. – S. 169.
11. Starilov Ju.N. Proizvodstvo po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah i administrativnyj process // Aktual’nye problemy primenenija Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: Materialy vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (1 ijunja 2004 g.) / Pod obshh. red. Ju.P. Solov’ja. – Omsk: Omskij juridicheskij institut, 2004. – S. 13.
12. Tatarjan V.G. Zakonodatel’stvo gosudarstv – uchastnikov SNG ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti: sravnitel’no-pravovoe issledovanie: Monografija: V 2 t. – Astana: Akademija finansovoj policii Respubliki Kazahstan, 2005. – T. 1. – S. 72–82.
13. Timoshenko I.V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’: Ucheb. posob. – M.: Rostov n/D: MarT, 2004. – S. 140.
14. Ul’mer N.N. Osobennosti kassacionnogo proizvodstva v administrativnom sudebnom processe Ukrainy // Novyj juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – № 4. S. – 99–103.
15. Hazanov S.D. Administrativno-deliktnoe sudoproizvodstvo v svete novyh processual’nyh kodeksov // Aktual’nye voprosy administrativno-deliktnogo prava: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 70-letiju Zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, d.ju.n., professora A.P. Shergina. – M.: VNII MVD Rossii, 2005. – S. 177.
16. Chepurnyh M.V. K voprosu o ponjatii i strukture administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva // Administrativnoe i municipal’noe pravo. – 2009. – № 5. – S. 52.

ACTUAL PRO BLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Volos A.A.
Contract freedom in the right of the foreign states: some aspects
Purpose: To Consider is standard-legal fastening and essence of a principle of freedom of the contract in the various states.
Methodology: Historic-legal, rather-legal and formally legal methods Were used.
Results: In article is standard-legal fastening of freedom of the contract and its some displays in such countries, as the USA, Ukraine, France, Germany, Yemen is considered. The conclusion that fastening of freedom of the contract, its concrete display depends on development of market relations in the concrete country becomes. Position that in the modern conventional law the tendency to protection of the weak subject was outlined in legal relation is besides, proved.
Novelty/originality/value: Article is attempt to analyse and compare fastening of freedom of the contract in the various states with a view of development of recommendations about perfection of the Russian legislation.
Keywords: contract freedom, the conventional law of the foreign states, the contract.
References (transliterated)
1. Stone R. The Modern Law of Contract. – Fifth Edition. – London: Sydney: Portland: Oregon, 2002. – P. 2.
2. Al’ Shabuti Noval’ Saiv Muhammed. Svoboda dogovora po grazhdanskomu zakonodatel’stvu Jemenskoj respubliki: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2002. – S. 2–3.
3. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo: Obshhie polozhenija. – M.: Statut, 2003 // SPS «Konsul’tantPljus».
4. Vavilin E.V. Osushhestvlenie grazhdanskih prav i ispolnenie objazannostej. – Saratov: Izd-vo Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii prava, 2008. – S. 94–95.
5. Grazhdanskij kodeks Ukrainy: Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij / Pod red. E.O. Haritonova. – Har’kov: Odissej, 2007. – S. 14–15.
6. Karapetov A.G., Savel’ev A.I. Svoboda dogovora i ejo predely: V 2 t. – M., 2012. – T. 1. Teoreticheskie, istoricheskie i politiko-pravovye osnovanija principa svobody dogovora i ego ogranichenij // SPS «Konsul’tantPljus».
7. Ketc H., Loran F. Vvedenie v objazatel’stvennoe pravo // Problemy grazhdanskogo i predprinimatel’skogo prava Germanii: Per. s nem. – M.: BEK, 2001. – S. 39.
8. Osakve K. Svoboda dogovora v anglo-amerikanskom prave: ponjatie, sushhnost’ i ogranichenija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2006. – № 7, 8 // SPS «Konsul’tantPljus».
9. Pravovaja sistema Ukrainy: istorija, sostojanie i perspektivy: V 5 t. – Har’kov: Pravo, 2011. – T. 3. Grazhdansko-pravovye nauki. Chastnoe pravo / Pod obshh. red. N.S. Kuznecovoj. – S. 310–311.
 
JURISPRUDENCE AND EDUCATION
Vorontsov S.А.
About of the improvement of the system of selection, training and education of lawyers criminal law specialization, designed to protect public values and legal principles
Purpose: Research of the causes and factors that reduce the effectiveness of selection, training and education of lawyers criminal law specialization, forming the basis of the staff of the state and municipal authorities, courts, police, prosecutors, investigative committee and special services. Development of measures addressed to the noted problems.
Methodology: In this article used historical and legal, formally legal, structural and functional analytic methods.
Results: The article analyzes the reasons for the increased interest of youth to obtain a legal education. Position that the quantitative increase in the number of lawyers did not lead to qualitative changes in the legal sphere justified. Investigated the effects of trends reorientation of legal education on market-civil law model, which can lead to an imbalance in the qualifying characteristics of the future lawyer between private and public values and legal principles. Established a negative impact on the development of future lawyers complex factors formed in the process of destruction of cultural property. Highlighted the causes and factors contributing to the crisis in the legal culture, reducing the stability of the anti-corruption law graduates. Formulated a set of measures to modernize the system of training and retraining of the legal profession, the basic element of which should be to modernize consciousness. The necessity of providing continuous anti-corruption education and training, acting on the subconscious, rational and value components of consciousness, which is designed to counteract the formation of corrupt behavior.
Novelty/originality/value: This article has a high scientific value, since it is one of the first attempts to identify and analyze the system of causes and factors that adversely affect the level of training of lawyers criminal law specialization, forming the basis of the staff of the police, prosecutors, investigative committee and special services. The author suggests a series of measures aimed at addressing the problems noted.
Keywords: legal education, criminal law specialization, anti-corruption education, police, prosecutors, intelligence agencies.
References (transliterated)
1. Barometr stabil’nosti: rossijane ne vidjat progressa v bor’be s korrupciej [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.forbes.ru/sobytiya/obshchestvo/241870-barometr-stabilnosti-rossiyane-ne-vidyat-progressa-v-borbe-s-korruptsiei.
2. Bondar’ N. Pravovaja gramota // Rossijskaja gaze-ta. – 2009. – 17 dekabrja (№ 5067 (243)).
3. Vstupitel’noe slovo na vstreche s chlenami prezidiuma Associacii juristov Rossii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.kremlin.ru/appears/2009/04/16/1446_type63376_215143.shtml.
4. Kovalev N. Ot «kopejki» do «mersedesa» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2012. – 27 ijulja (№ 171).
5. Miljukova Ja. Kto formiruet rynok vzjatok ob#emom $300 mlrd? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://www.bfm.ru/news/213152.
6. Osipov I. Forbes: rossijane ne vidjat progressa v bor’be s korrupciej [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: URL: http://newsland.com/news/detail/id/1210071/.
7. Shherbak E.N. Stanovlenie i razvitie upravlenija vysshim professional’nym obrazovaniem v Rossii // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2013. – № 10 (50). – S. 29–46.

Politics and Economics of Eurasia
Konnov V.A.
On the role of soft international law in the regulation of interstate relations to prevent and overcome the financial and economic crises
Purpose: To analysis the impact of acts of soft international law on international relations in the field of preventing and overcoming the financial and economic crises .
Methodology: the formal legal, comparative, structural and logical methods.
Results: This article analyzes the impact of recommendation of international instruments to regulate interstate relations to maintain financial and economic stability. Determined that currently acts soft international law, contribute to the formation of a uniform conceptual apparatus in the field of anti-crisis cooperation, in part by securing a legally binding document. In addition, reference acts as the basis for regulating relations in the prevention and resolution of financial and economic crises, represented largely on the universal level, where the contractual agreement will not always possible due to the difference of economic interests. Given the general acceptance, the existence and the practical applicability of the provisions of the acts of the individual recommendation to maintain financial and economic stability, it is proposed to consider them as international customs, that is sources of international law.
Novelty/originality/value: It is that the nation’s first science of international law made an attempt to identify the role of soft international law in the regulation of interstate relations to prevent and overcome the financial and economic crises
Keywords: soft international law, International Economic Law, settlement of financial and economic crises, international economic organizations.
References (transliterated)
1. Burgess J.P. What’s so European about European Union? Legitimacy between Institution and Identity // European Journal of Social Theory. – 2002. – Vol. 5. – № 4. – P. 467–489.
2. Gold J. Strengthening the Soft International Law of Exchange Arrangements // American Journal of International Law. – 1983. – Vol. 77. – № 3. – P. 443–489.
3. Snyder F. Soft law and institutional practice in the European Community // European University Institute Working Paper. LAW. Florence, 1993. – № 93/5. – R. 2.
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7. Kashlach O.V. Normy «mjagkogo» prava: ponjatie i priznaki // Belorusskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. – 2006. – № 2. – S. 65.
8. Kozyrin A.N., Jankevich S.V. Dogovor o stabil’nosti, koordinacii i upravlenii v jekonomicheskom i valjutnom sojuze (perevod s anglijskogo jazyka i kommentarii) // Publichno-pravovye issledovanija. – 2012. – № 3. – S. 70–95.
9. Kolodkin R.A. Kritika koncepcii «mjagkogo prava» // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1985. – № 12. – S. 95.
10. Konnov V.A. Rol’ reshenij «Gruppy dvadcati» v formirovanii mezhdunarodno-pravovoj bazy protivodejstvija mirovomu jekonomicheskomu krizisu i reformirovanii global’nyh finansovyh institutov // Jekonomicheskaja politika. – 2008. – № 12. – S. 36.
11. Kostjunina G.M. Aziatsko-Tihookeanskaja jekonomicheskaja integracija. – M., 2002. – S. 76–78.
12. Lukashuk I.I. Mezhdunarodnoe «mjagkoe» pravo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1994. – № 8–9. – S. 159–167.
13. Lukashuk I.I. Normy mezhdunarodnogo prava v mezhdunarodnoj normativnoj sisteme. – M., 1997.
14. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Uchebnik / Otv. red. Ju.M. Kolosov, V.I.Kuznecov. – 2-e izd., dop. i pererab. – M., 1998. – S. 22–23.
15. Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo: Uchebnik / Pod red. K.A. Bekjasheva. – M., 2003. – S. 384.
16. Smirnova K.V. Rol’ mjagkogo prava (soft law) v razvitii evropejskoj integracii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – № 11 (66). – С. 46–49.
17. Soglashenie o sozdanii uslovij na finansovyh rynkah dlja obespechenija svobodnogo dvizhenija kapitala v gosudarstvah – uchastnikah Edinogo jekonomicheskogo prostranstva ot 9 dekabrja 2010 g. // Bjulleten’ mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. – 2012. – № 11. – S. 27–30.
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