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Historical experience
Grigoriev V.V.
The evolution of property taxation of individuals in Russia in the 20th century
Purpose: Consideration of property taxation of individuals in Russia in the 20th century.
Methodology: Historical legal and formal legal methods were used.
Results: Since the beginning of the state, the most important question of finding the sources of the formation of the state Treasury has arisen before the society. In the course of historical development, the methods of withdrawal of income for the development of the state varied from natural fees to taxes. The search for an ideal system of taxation continues, and probably it will be long, because taxes must correspond to the peculiarities of the state, the customs of its citizens and the stage of economic development of the state.
Novelty/originality/value: The article considers the development of taxation from the beginning of the first world war to the formation of this system at present.
Keywords: property tax, object of taxation, land tax, stamp duty, a tax on bachelors.
References (transliterated)
1. Ob osnovah nalogovoj sistemy v Rossijskoj Federacii: Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 dekabrja 1991 g. № 2118-1 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.lawrussia.ru/texts/legal_178/doc17a888x560.htm .
2. Ob otmene nalogov s zarabotnoj platy trudjashhihsja i sluzhashhih: Zakon SSSR ot 7 maja 1960 g. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Garant».
3. O naloge s vladel’cev transportnyh sredstv i drugih samohodnyh mashin i mehanizmov: Ukaz Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR ot 21 marta 1988 g. № 8641-XI. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Garant».
4. O podohodnom naloge s grazhdan SSSR, inostrannyh grazhdan i lic bez grazhdanstva: Zakon SSSR ot 23 aprelja 1990 g. № 1443-1. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Garant».
5. O porjadke ischislenija i uplaty naloga s vladel’cev transportnyh sredstv i drugih samohodnyh mashin i mehanizmov: Instrukcija Ministerstva finansov SSSR ot 4 avgusta 1988 g. № 133D [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.businesspravo.ru/Docum/DocumShow_DocumID_2955.html.
6. Sbornik zakonov SSSR i ukazov Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR. 1938 g. – ijul’ 1956 g. / pod red. Ju.I. Mandel’shtam. M., 1956. S. 335–336.
7. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel’stva za 1917–1918 gg. Upravlenie delami Sovnarkoma SSSR. M., 1942. S. 602–603, 613–614, 1108–1110.
8. Trofimova Ja.V. Jevoljucija nalogovoj sistemy // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. 2017. № 2 (136). S. 84.
9. Shihatov P.I. Nalogooblozhenie v SSSR i sovremennoj Rossii // Vestnik MIJeP. 2016. № 2 (23). S. 12.
 
Historical experience
Troitskaya M.S.
The legal status of the subjects of land and property relations in St. Petersburg as the center of business activity of the Russian Empire in the XVIII – early XX centuries: the historical and legal aspect
Purpose: To study the historical and legal features of land and property relations in St. Petersburg in the XVIII – early XX century.
Methodology: We used a formal legal method, a comparative analysis method, a historical legal method.
Results: The author refers to an interesting and relevant topic – the historical and legal aspect of land and property relations in St. Petersburg, which was in the XVIII – early XX centuries. the capital of the Russian Empire. In the article features of formation of the land right and land use in the Russian empire are considered, the basic attention is given to questions of formation of urban land use and land management in XVIII–XIX centuries. The author outlines the main problems of the legislative regulation of land use and land and property relations in the cities of the Russian Empire and in St. Petersburg in particular. It is concluded that up to the beginning of the twentieth century. Numerous gaps and contradictions were present in the legal and regulatory provision of land and property relations in the Russian Empire, which played a negative role in the management of land property.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific significance of this article is due to the relevance and importance of the topic touched on in it, practical significance - the possibility of using the results obtained to comprehend the processes currently taking place in the field of land law and the management of land and property relations processes.
Keywords: land and property relations, land law, land use, St. Petersburg, urban land, municipal government.
References (transliterated)
1. Vajtens A.G. Regulirovanie gradostroitel’nogo razvitija Sankt-Peterburga–Leningrada (1870-e – 1991 gg.). SPb.: S.-Peterb. gos. arhitektur.-stroit. un-t, 2010.
2. Geletij D.N. Transformacija zemel’nyh otnoshenij vo vtoroj polovine XIX v. v Rossii // Rossijskoe predprinimatel’stvo. 2012. № 23. S. 184–189.
3. Kiprijanova N.V. Zemel’naja sobstvennost’ kupcov v gorode konca XVII – serediny XIX v. (k postanovke problemy) // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. 2009. № 2. S. 59–72.
4. Len K.V. «Gorodovoe polozhenie» 1870 g. skvoz’ prizmu istorii rossijskoj provincii // Nauchnyj dialog. 2014. № 5 (29). S. 6–16.
5. Mironov B.N. Social’naja istorija Rossii perioda imperii: (XVIII – nachalo XX v.). T. I. SPb., 1999.
6. Oganesjan K.T. Zemel’no-kadastrovye otnoshenija v period Rossijskoj imperii (1721–1825) // Nauchnyj zhurnal KubGAU. 2015. № 107 (3). S. 1–16.
7. Proskurjakova N.A. Ipoteka v Rossijskoj imperii. M.: Izdatel’skij dom VShJe, 2014.
8. Suhorukova A.S. Znachenie municipal’nogo zemlevladenija v razvitii rossijskih gorodov v XIX – nachale HH v. // Simvol nauki. 2016. № 1. S. 72–74.
9. Suhorukova A.S. Problemy otchuzhdenija gorodskogo nedvizhimogo imushhestva v konce XIX – nachale XX v. (na primere S.-Peterburga) // Problemy sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija. 2016. № 2 (44). S. 98–101.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Vlasov A.A., Monastirsky Yu.E.
Civil cases about indemnification in a type of their complexity demand rendering the professional qualified legal aid
Purpose: Research of problematic issues of consideration and permission of civil cases about indemnification in the context of reforming of the market of the qualified legal aid.
Methodology: Formal legal and comparative legal methods were used.
Results: This publication comments account for the view that the judicial system in our country cannot effectively run without the lawyers’ monopoly representation in civil proceedings, alsothe fundamental adversarial principle implies the intelligibility of the legal positions of the parties, their correct procedural response during the hearing. In the opposite case, non-dual legal functions are to be assumed by the court.Common legal representatives’ assistanceinstead of a fundamental constitutional right of access to justice and beyond the disciplinary professional control generates various outrages during the process, and even encourages them in the shape of manipulation of the evidence, litigation, statements of claim not for the protection of subjective civil rights, but with the aim of blackmailing, etc. This is most evident in loss cases proceedings, where legal training,fairness, integrity and assertiveness in obtaining evidence, and the way in which material is presented in the proceedings perform a key role. Due to the listed estimates, the authors consider the draft concept of market regulation of the professional legal assistanceto be too compromise and ambiguous, as well as not conducive for the formation of a self-regulatory professional environment, which is the only mechanism for betterment and existence of high performance standards as a factor of legal consciousness in society.
Novelty/originality/value: The novelty of article consists that in her the important directions of reforming of the market of the qualified legal aid are analyzed.
Keywords: complex disputes, reform, bar.
References (transliterated)
1. Vlasov A.A. Grazhdanskij process: ucheb. posob. M., 2006. (Res cottidiana).
2. Vlasov A.A. Problemy obespechenija zakonnosti po GPK i APK RF 2002 goda // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. 2003. № 6.
3. Voronoj V.V. Advokatskij zapros: vektor razvitija // Advokat. 2015. №9.
4. Moiseeva E.K. Reformirovanie rynka jur. uslug v Rossii: sociologicheskij analiz // Zakon. 2017. № 11.
5. Monastyrskij Ju.Je. Ubytki vsledstvie umalenija korporativnyh prav // Zakon. 2017. № 7. S. 66–77.
6. Papulova Z.A. Advokatskij zapros: problemy jeffektivnoj realizacii // Advokatskaja praktika. 2017. № 4.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Pechegin D.A.
The decision on termination of criminal proceedings: problems of the appeal in accordance
with article 125 of the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation
Purpose: The purpose is to analyze of the problem of implementation of the provisions of Art. 125 of the Russian code of criminal procedure and Art. 46, 52 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in the event of an appeal against the decision to discontinue the criminal case and to make a proposal to overcome it.
Methodology: Сomparative legal, historical and formal legal methods were used.
Results: The trend in the development of criminal procedure law has always been and remains consistent demands on the investigator, investigator, Prosecutor, court, obliged to ensure compliance with the law, the exact execution of the procedure.
The state guarantees everyone judicial protection of their rights and freedoms. The decisions and actions (or inaction) of bodies of state power, bodies of local self-government, public associations and officials can be appealed in court (article 46 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation). The state also provides victims with access to justice and compensation for damages (article 52 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation).These provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation are specifically reflected in sectoral legislation, in particular, the code of criminal procedure. Despite this many researchers and practitioners believe that the norm of the criminal procedural legislation, regulating the procedure of appeal against actions (inaction) of state bodies and officials with regard to the meaning given her current legal practice does not conform to the provisions of articles 46 and 52 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in that measure in which allows for the failure of the courts to examine and weigh the evidence when considering fine art. 125 Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter – the code of criminal procedure) complaints against the decision of the investigative body to terminate the criminal case. The article is devoted to the analysis of article 125 of the code of criminal procedure for its compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation on the problem. The article notes that to some extent this problem is solved by departmental regulations and orientation of judges to a comprehensive, full and objective study of the circumstances of the case. So, according to the orders of the Prosecutor General in the exercise of oversight over the authorities conducting the preliminary investigation and the identification information on the appeal against the decision of the investigator on termination of the criminal case, the prosecutor is obliged to respond to such complaints and to take measures to cancellation of this decision, if it is made contrary to the requirements of the law and is not justified. Nevertheless, the author comes to a conclusion about insufficiency of the operating legal mechanism for full implementation of provisions of Art. 125 of Russian criminal procedure code. On the basis of comparative-legal, historical and formal-legal methods, the article substantiates the conclusion about the necessity of introducing the figure of the investigating judge into the domestic criminal proceedings.
Novelty/originality/value: The paper has a high scientific value, since it is one of the first attempts to consider article 125 of the Russian code of criminal procedure for compliance with the requirements of article 46 and 52 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation through the prism of problems arising in practice in appealing the decision to discontinue a criminal case.
Keywords: appeal, article 125 code of criminal procedure, evaluation of evidence, termination of the criminal case, the study of the case.
References (transliterated)
1. Bykov V.M., Manova N.S. Nuzhen li ugolovnomu sudoproizvodstvu Rossii sledstvennyj sud’ja? // Zakonnost’. 2015. № 6.
2. Gadzhiev Ja. Sudebnyj kontrol’ kak illjuzija // JeZh-Jurist. 2017. № 26.
3. Idirov E.I. Stanovlenie instituta sledstvennogo sud’i: nekotorye osobennosti kazahstanskogo ugolovnogo processa // Aktual’nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2014. № 4.
4. Kirillova N.P. Opredelenie kompetencii suda pri osushhestvlenii sudebnogo kontrolja na stadii predvari-tel’nogo rassledovanija // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2016. № 4.
5. Kovtun N.N. Sledstvennyj sud’ja Ukrainy: analiz jurisdikcionnyh i sledstvennyh funkcij v kontekste rossijskih processual’nyh analogov // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. 2013. № 3.
6. Poljanskij N.N. Voprosy teorii sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa / pod red. D.S. Kareva. M., 1956.
7. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 14 iju-lja 2005 goda № 9-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij stat’i 113 Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdanki G.A. Poljakovoj i zaprosom Federal’nogo arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskogo okruga». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
8. Postanovlenie Plenuma VS RF ot 21 dekabrja 2010 go-da № 28 «O sudebnoj jekspertize po ugolovnym delam». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
9. Postanovlenie Plenuma VS RF ot 29 ijunja 2010 goda № 17 «O praktike primenenija sudami norm, reglamentirujushhih uchastie poterpevshego v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
10. Pronin K.V. O reglamentacii sudebnogo kontrolja v porjadke stat’i 125 UPK RF // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2011. № 6.
11. Rukovodstvo Mezhdunarodnoj Amnistii po spravedlivomu sudoproizvodstvu. M., 2003. S. 78 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://amnesty.org.ru/node/373.
12. Smirnov A.V. Institut sledstvennyh sudej – konstitucionnoe trebovanie? // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. 2015. № 2.
13. Tarichko I.Ju. Mirovye tendencii optimizacii ugolovnogo processa // Aktual’nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2015. № 12.
14. Ul’janova L.T. Predmet dokazyvanija i dokazatel’stva v ugolovnom processe Rossii: ucheb. posob. M., 2008.
15. Fojnickij I.Ja. Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: v 2 t. SPb., 1912. 4-e izd. T. I
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Kozbanov A.I.
Tendencies and perspectives of protection of entrepreneurs from illegal criminal prosecution
in modern Russia
Purpose: To determine the main trends and possible prospects for ensuring the protection of entrepreneurs against illegal criminal prosecution in modern Russia.
Methodology: We used a formal legal method, a method of comparative analysis.
Results: In this article, the author raises an extremely topical problem for modern Russia - the possibility of protecting entrepreneurs from illegal criminal prosecution. The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and law enforcement practice is dominated by an excessive criminal-repressive line in relation to business entities, characterized by criminalization of acts that do not pose a public threat and entails an increase in cases of illegal criminal prosecution of entrepreneurs. The author reveals the main trends in the development of the Russian criminal legal system with respect to economic crimes, draws attention to the main changes in the criminal legislation aimed at protecting entrepreneurs from unlawful persecution.
Novelty/originality/value: The scientific significance of this article is due to the relevance and importance of the topic touched on in it, practical significance – the possibility of using the results obtained to improve Russian criminal law and law enforcement practice.
Keywords: business, criminal code, economic crimes, decriminalization, humanization of criminal law.
References (transliterated)
1. Aleksandrova I.A. Opredelenie kursa sovremennoy ugolovnoy politiki protivodeystviya prestupnosti v sfere ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti // Vestnik Nizhegorodskoy akademii MVD. 2016. № 3 (35). S. 307–310.
2. Aleksandrova I.A. Sovremennaya ugolovnaya politika po obespecheniyu ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti i protivodeystviyu korruptsii: dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2016.
3. Golovin A.Yu. Zadachi kriminalistiki v sfere zashchity predprinimateley ot nezakonnogo ugolovnogo presledovaniya // Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki. 2016. № 1. S. 26–34.
4. Gordeev V. Putin poruchil sokratit’ chislo proverok i posadok predprinimateley [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/19/08/2017/59982bbc9a7947315eb1cfd3.
5. Esakov G.A. Moshennichestvo v sfere predprinima-tel’skoy deyatel’nosti (st. 159.4 UK RF): problemy primeneniya normy // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2014. № 3. S. 40–44.
6. Zhesterov P.V. Ugolovnaya repressiya v sfere ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti v Rossii // Evraziyskaya advokatura. 2015. № 6 (19). S. 69–75.
7. Koshaeva T.O. Otvetstvennost’ za prestupleniya v sfere ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti: puti razvitiya rossiyskogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel’stva // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. 2014. № 6. S. 25–31.
8. Nezakonnoe presledovanie predstaviteley biznesa v sovremennoy Rossii: prichiny, tendentsii i perspektivy protivodeystviya. Interv’yu s advokatom Vladimirom Dmitrievichem Postanyukom // Evraziyskaya advokatura. 2017. № 6 (31). S. 7–11.
9. Titov soobshchil Putinu o sokhranenii problemy s ugolovnym presledovaniem predprinimateley [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://tass.ru/ekonomika/4285294.
10. Ugolovnoe presledovanie za ekonomicheskie prestupleniya mozhno zamenit’ shtrafom – Medvedev [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.rapsinews.ru/legislation_news/20140919/272154536.html
11. Urakov D.I. Ugolovnoe presledovanie po ugolovnym delam o moshennichestve v sfere ekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti: dis. … kand.yurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2017. S. 4.
12. Fetishcheva L.M. Primenenie mer presecheniya pri proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam o prestupleniyakh, sovershennykh v sfere predprinimatel’skoy deyatel’nosti: dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2016.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Aliyev R.A.
The problem of compensation by the state for harm caused by lawful actions in the course of counterterrorism operations
Purpose: The aim of this work is to study the problem of compensation by the state for harm caused by lawful actions in the course of counterterrorism operations.
Methodology: Normative legal acts and Laws of the Russian Federation were used.
Results: This article examines terrorism as a separate crime. The independent composition of the crime in the criminal code allows us to talk about a new problem at the junction of the branches of civil and criminal law – the possibility of compensation for damage caused by terrorist acts.
Novelty/originality/value: There is quite a lot of issues when solving problems associated with the above mentioned damages. This topic needs theoretical development and future of legal regulation.
Keywords: Terrorism, State government, Federal Law.
References (transliterated)
1. Trunov I.L. Bor’ba s terrorizmom – neobhodimaja adekvatnaja kompensacija vreda ego zhertvam // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2004.№ 2.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo. T. 3. / otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Volters Kluver, 2009.
3. Mal’sagov A.T. Sposoby vozmeshhenija vreda postradavshim ot terroristicheskogo akta // «Chernye dyry» v rossijskom zakonodatel’stve. 2009.№ 4. S. 144–146.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Rakhmatullin N.R.
The problems of implementation of government procurement
Purpose: Consideration of the problems of public procurement within the framework of the Federal law of 05.04.2013 No. 44-FZ «On contract system in procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs».
Methodology. This article used normative legal documents.
Results: This study revealed that the contract system of public procurement requires a radical rebuilds. Identified ways to eliminate these problems.
Novelty/originality/value: In the article the problems of public procurement from two perspectives: the customer and the regulatory authority. This problem is especially acute in this area because the organization of process in the procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs affects the economy of the public sector.
Keywords: the government procurement, the antimonopoly authority, a customer, the quality of goods (service), the unit of measure, the treasury support of the contract, a fraud, the evaluation criteria, paper competition.
References (transliterated)
1. Aleksandrova E.N. Praktika arbitrazhnyh sudov Severo-Zapadnogo okruga po delam, svjazannym s osparivaniem torgov v porjadke stat’i 449 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://otrasli-prava.rf/article/23335.
2. Vasin A.S. Osobennosti kaznachejskogo soprovozhdenija v 2017 godu. Porjadok kaznachejskogo soprovozhdenija gosudarstvennyh kontraktov (kontraktov, dogovorov, (soglashenij) s uchetom praktiki 2016 goda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.minfin.ru/common/upload/library/2016/12/main/Osobennosti_kaznacheyskogo_soprovozhdeniya_v_2017_godu._Poryadok_kaznacheskogo_soprovozhdeniya_gos.kontraktov.pdf.
3. Doklad o sostojanii konkurencii v Rossijskoj Federacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://nationalinterest.ru/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/doklad-o-sostoyanii-konkurentsii-v-Rossijskoj-Federatsii-za-2015-god.pdf.
4. Reshenie po zhalobe№ 123/05-18.1-2016 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://solutions.fas.gov.ru/to/kemerovskoe-ufas-rossii/123-05-18-1-2016.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Nazarov D.G.
Features and trends in the bankruptcy of individuals in modern Russia
Purpose: To identify the main trends and problems of bankruptcy procedures for individuals in modern Russia.
Methodology: The article uses a formal-legal method, a method of comparative analysis.
Results: The article analyzes the features and trends in the development of bankruptcy procedures for individuals in modern Russia, revealing the main problems in the process of applying the Bankruptcy Law. Attention is drawn to the low number of bankruptcy procedures for individuals with a large number of citizens who are actually in a state of bankruptcy. The main problems that prevent citizens of the Russian Federation in opening a bankruptcy procedure for an individual are highlighted, attention is drawn to the need to eliminate these problems through improving the legal framework and law enforcement practice.
Novelty/originality/value: This article is devoted to a problem that is relevant for the Russian legal science and society as a whole, which has great scientific, theoretical and practical significance. The results of the work can be used to further comprehend and develop the bankruptcy laws in modern Russia.
Keywords: bankruptcy of individuals, insolvency, arbitration manager, bankruptcy estate, debt, creditor, credit organization.
References (transliterated)
1. Bogdanov O.V. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic – novoe zakonodatel’stvo // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2015.№ 3 (104). S. 32–35.
2. Ionina M.B. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic // Vestnik Omskoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2015.№ 4 (29). S. 49–52.
3. Korolev V.V. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic po zakonam SShA // Biznes v zakone. Jekonomiko-juridicheskij zhurnal. 2007. S. 233–235.
4. Kotov N.A. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy pravovogo regulirovanija nesostojatel’nosti (bankrotstva) fizicheskih lic i rekomendacii po sovershenstvovaniju zakonodatel’stva // Al’manah sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija. 2017.№ 6 (119). S. 57–63.
5. Logvina I.V. Praktika primenenija, problema i perspektiva bankrotstva fizicheskih lic // Territorija nauki. 2017.№ 1. S. 132–140.
6. Popov E.Ju. Bankrotstvo fizicheskogo lica: jevoljucija i perspektivy institucional’nogo oformlenija v sovremennoj Rossii // Jekonomicheskij analiz: teorija i praktika. 2011.№ 8 (215). S. 51–59.
7. Postanjuk V.D. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic // JeZh-Jurist. 2017.№ 20 (971).
 
PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATE
Melnichenko R.G.
Three questions on the case of Vitaly Burkina
Purpose: To identify trends in the interaction between lawyers and the legal profession on the issue of functioning of the institution of professional responsibility lawyers.
Methods: The use of statistical and hermeneutic and comparative legal method and interviewing method.
Results: Answers on three areas of concern of the Institute of professional responsibility: «a useless member of the Commission,» «offensive behavior,» «defamation of communities.»
Novelty/originality/value: The lack of such scientific publications on the topic, testifies to its originality. Scientific evaluation of General trends for example, one resonant disciplinary cases – of its originality. The proposed doctrinal interpretation of the corporate acts of its value.
Keywords: the legal profession, legal ethics, the case of Vitaly Burkin, useless member of the Commission, offensive behaviour, defamation of communities, the Code of professional ethics of lawyer, the Rules of conduct for lawyers in the information-telecommunication network «Internet».
References (transliterated)
1. Mel’nichenko R.G. Tri tendencii advokatskogo normotvorchestva v popravkah 2017 // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2017.№ 5 (30). S. 38–39.
2. Mel’nichenko R.G. Jetichesko-pravovoe regulirovanie povedenija advokatov v social’nyh setjah // Advokatskaja praktika. 2017.№ 1.
3. Videointerv’ju «Bulat Jumadilov – deputat Kurultaja, Prezident Advokatskoj palaty RB»: video [Jelektronny1j resurs]. URL: https://youtu.be/-4zhNe72MbI.
4. Obzor zakonodatel’stva i sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii za 1 kvartal 2008 goda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.vsrf.ru/documents/practice/15076/.
5. Reshenie soveta Palaty advokatov Samarskoj oblasti po disciplinarnomu proizvodstvu v otnoshenii advokata Sokolova Andreja Sergeevicha // Sajt advokatskoj palaty Samarskoj oblasti [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.paso.ru/images/docs/news/Reschenie_PASO_ot_31.03.2016.pdf.
 
PROTECTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ADVOCATE
Nesterov O.A.
The genesis of the development of normative regulation of the defender access to the criminal
case file at the stage of completion of the preliminary investigation
Purpose: Research into the problem of intentional delay in the process of familiarizing the defender and the defendant with the criminal case file at the stage of completion of the preliminary investigation.
Methodology: Historical, legal and formally legal methods were used.
Results: In the article attention is drawn to the insufficient regulation in the law of the right to re-appeal for familiarization with the criminal case file. In this regard, the defender and the defendant can use this gap to delay the criminal trial. The necessity to denote the category of explicit delay in acquaintance with criminal case files is set. Since this category has an evaluating character and entails certain difficulties in the course of law enforcement practice, therefore, more complete legislative regulation of this issue is required.
Novelty/originality/value: The relevance of the chosen topic is explained by the existence of a problem of deliberately delaying the process of acquaintance with the criminal case file, due to the insufficient regulation of this issue in the legislation.
Keywords: an obvious delay in the process of acquaintance with the criminal case file, the defendant and defender.
References (transliterated)
1. Alekseeva L.B. Pravo na spravedlivoe sudebnoe razbiratel’stvo (precedenty i kommentarii): monografija. M., 2011.
2. Gucenko K.F., Golovko L.V., Filimonov B.A. Ugolovnyj process zapadnyh gosudarstv. M., 2011.
3. Zakomoldin A.V. Problemy realizacii prava obvinjaemogo i ego zashhitnika na oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela // Juridicheskij vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. 2017. № 1.
4. Kolokolov N.A. Oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela. Sledovatel’ dolzhen byt’ osvobozhden ot nesvojstvennyh emu funkcij // Rossijskij sledovatel’. 2014. № 17.
5. Nagaev E.A. O sovershenstvovanii processual’nogo porjadka oznakomlenija s materialami ugolovnogo dela // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2015. № 3.
6. Popenkov A.V. Aktual’nye problemy oznakomlenija obvinjaemogo i ego zashhitnika s materialami ugolovnogo dela // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2015. № 9.
7. Rinchinov B.A. Oznakomlenie s materialami ugolovnogo dela v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Rossijskij sud’ja. 2015. № 1.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Smirnykh S.E.
International and national aspects of the legal situation of children
Purpose: To consider international and national aspects of the legal situation of children.
Methodology: This article uses international legal documents and Russian legislation.
Results: In article the system of the international and national acts concerning a legal status of children is defined and the detailed analysis of basic provisions of these acts is provided.
Novelty/originality/value: The article deals with the economic exploitation of children; the worst forms of child labor; upbringing and education of children, etc.
Keywords: children’s rights, economic exploitation, worst forms of child labor, upbringing and education of children.
References (transliterated)
1. International law: textbook / ed. E.T. Usenko, G.G. Shinkaretskaya. M.: Lawyer, 2003.
2. Ustinovich E.S., Folomeeva N.V. Evaluation of the state of the executive bodies of the subject of the Russian Federation and their program-targeted efforts to protect the rights of children, topics in a difficult life situation // Questions juvenal justice. 2013. № 2.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Starovoitova K.V.
Protection of children’s rights in the European Court of Human Rights’ practice
Purpose: To investigate application of provisions of the Convention on protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms to children.
Methodology: Formal legal and comparative legal methods were used.
Results: In article precedents of the European Court of Human Rights on consideration of the questions which are directly connected with protection of the rights of children are analyzed influence of activity of the European Court of Justice on the national legislation and jurisprudence of the countries is studied (including Russia) concerning protection of the rights of children, problems which children at protection of the rights can face are analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: The novelty of article consists that in her are analyzed important for modern jurisprudence and practice of a problem of application of the Convention on protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in practice of the European Court of Human Rights.
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, European Court of Human Rights’ Practice, children’s rights, protection of children’s rights, interests of a child, minors.
References (transliterated)
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF № 5 ot 10 oktjabrja 2003 g. «O primenenii sudami obshhej jurisdikcii obshhepriznannyh principov i norm mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov Rossijskoj Federacii» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2003. № 3358.
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 27.06.2013 № 21 «O primenenii sudami obshhej jurisdikcii Konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod ot 4 nojabrja 1950 goda i protokolov k nej» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2013. 9 ijulja.
3. Buamar protiv Bel’gii: Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 29 fevralja 1988 goda (zhaloba № 9106/80).
4. Dadzhen protiv Soedinennogo Korolevstva. Reshenie Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 22 oktjabrja 1981 g.
5. Delo «T. protiv Soedinennogo korolevstva» (Zhaloba № 24724/94). Postanovlenie (Strasburg, 16 dekabrja 1999 goda); Delo «V. protiv Soedinennogo korolevstva» (Zhaloba № 24888/94). Postanovlenie (Strasburg, 16 dekabrja 1999 goda).
6. Dzhonston i drugie protiv Irlandii: Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 18 dekabrja 1986 goda (zhaloba № 9697/82).
7. Dragon protiv Francii, Postanovlenie Bol’shoj Palaty Evropejskogo suda ot 6 oktjabrja 2005 g., zhaloba № 1513/03.
8. Kalacheva protiv Rossijskoj Federacii. Reshenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 7 maja 2009 g.
9. Kjempbell i Kozens protiv Velikobritanii: Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 25 fevralja 1982 goda (zhaloby № 7511/76, 7743/76).
10. Mazurek protiv Francii. Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 01.02.2000 po zhalobe № 16574/08.
11. Nikishina N.V. protiv Rossijskoj Federacii (zhaloba № 45665/99): reshenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 12 sentjabrja 2000 g.
12. Nil’sen. Sudebnye precedenty Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka / pod red. s kom. R. Lousona, H.G. Shermersa. Leĭden, 1997. S. 270.
13. Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 12.10.2006. Delo Mubilanzila Majeka i Kaniki Mitunga protiv Bel’gii (zhaloba № 13178/03).
14. Postanovlenie Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 13.12.2005. Delo «Timishev protiv Rossiĭskoĭ Federacii» (zhaloby № 55762/00 i 55974/00).
15. Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 19 janvarja 2010 g. Delo «Mushadzhieva i drugie protiv Bel’gii» (zhaloba № 41442/07)
16. Postanovlenie Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 20.09.1994 po delu «Institut Otto-Preminger protiv Avstrii».
17. Postanovlenie Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 24.03.1988 po delu «Olsson protiv Shvecii».
18. Postanovlenie Evropeĭskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 25.11.1996 po delu «Uingrou protiv Soedinennogo Korolevstva».
19. Postanovlenie ot 17.10.2006 po delu «Okkali protiv Turcii», zhaloba № 52067/99.
20. R.R. protiv Pol’shi. (Zhaloba № 27617/04). Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 26.05.2011.
21. Tajrer protiv Soedinennogo Korolevstva: Postanovlenie Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka ot 25 aprelja 1978 goda (zhaloba № 5856/72).
22. Haze i drugie protiv Germanii. Reshenie ESPCh ot 12.02.2008 po zhalobe № 34499/04.
23. Burdo E.P., Garanina I.G. Zashhita prav detej v praktike Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka // Marijskij juridicheskij vestnik. 2013. Vyp. 10. S. 186–200.
24. Dzhenis M., Kjej R., Bredli Je. Evropejskoe pravo v oblasti prav cheloveka (Praktika i kommentarii): per. s angl. M., 1997. S. 329.
25. Evropeĭskiĭ sud po pravam cheloveka. Izbrannye reshenija. M.: Norma, 2000. T. 1. S. 231–270.
26. Ivleva T.V., Utjashev M.M. Konstitucionnoe pravo rebenka na zashhitu v Evropejskom sude po pravam cheloveka // Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. 2011. T. 16. № 1. S. 237–240.
27. Kravchuk N.V. Evropejskij sud po pravam cheloveka i zashhita prav detej // Pravo i politika. 2001. № 12. C. 109–114.
28. Kravchuk N.V. Zashhita prav rebenka v sudebnom porjadke // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2004. № 6. S. 66–73.
29. Standarty Soveta Evropy v oblasti prav cheloveka primenitel’no k polozhenijam Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: Izbrannye prava. M., 2002. S. 472.
30. Stecovskiĭ Ju.I. Evropeĭskiĭ sud po pravam cheloveka i advokatura // Advokat. 2006. № 4. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
31. Tumanov V.A. Evropejskij sud po pravam cheloveka. Ocherk organizacii i dejatel’nosti. M., 2001. S. 41–42.
32. Tumanova L.V., Vladimirova I.A. Zashhita semejnyh prav v Evropejskom sude po pravam cheloveka. M.: Gorodec, 2007.
33. Cvetkov V.A. Zashhita semejnyh prav v Evropejskom sude po pravam cheloveka // Vestnik Omskogo juridicheskogo instituta. 2010. № 2 (13). S. 64–67.
34. http://www.interfax.ru/russia/584976.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Tkhakakhov A.M.
Human rights in the geopolitical space
Рurpose: To study the specifics and problems of protecting human rights and citizens in the modern geopolitical space.
Methodology: The article uses a method of comparative analysis, a formal legal method.
Results: The article examines the main trends in the protection of human rights and citizens in Russia and abroad. The author emphasizes the particular urgency of the problem of protecting human rights and citizens in the modern world, detailing the study of existing contradictions between the declarative and practical spheres of protection of human rights and citizens. The article establishes that at present in Russia and in the world as a whole there is a serious discrepancy between declarative rights and the real situation with their provision and protection. The main condition for ensuring human and citizen’s rights is the creation of real mechanisms for their protection at the national and transnational levels.
Novelty/originality/value: This article represents a certain scientific significance due to the relevance of the research topic and its importance for modern Russian society and legal science. The practical importance of the work lies in the possibility of applying its results to improve Russian legislation in the field of protecting human and civil rights and freedoms.
Keywords: human and citizen rights, rule of law, international law, international agreements, constitutional rights, Constitution.
References (transliterated)
1. Vlasova G.B. Prava i svobody cheloveka i grazhdanina v sovremennom mire: kollektivnaja monografija / pod obshh. red. G.B. Vlasovoj. Rostov n/D: Fond nauki i obrazovanija: Nauka-Spektr, 2016.
2. Galkin I.V. Problema obespechenija jeffektivnoj realizacii zakonodatel’stva v sfere zashhity prav cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii // Lex Russica. 2016.№ 2 (111). S. 10–28.
3. Kartashov V.N. Teorija pravovoj sistemy obshhestva: ucheb. posob.: v 2 t. Jaroslavl’, 2006.
4. Kogalov Ju. MID budet dobivat’sja vozvrashhenija osuzhdennogo v SShA letchika Jaroshenko [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://rg.ru/2017/12/06/mid-budet-dobivatsia-vozvrashcheniia-osuzhdennogo-v-ssha-letchika-iaroshenko.html
5. Konopljannikova M.V. Konstitucionnaja koncepcija obespechenija prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v RF: aktual’nost’ izuchenija i voploshhenija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2017. S. 151–155.
6. Makuev R.H. Teoreticheskij analiz priznakov pravovogo gosudarstva i perspektiv ego postroenija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Sovremennoe obshhestvo i pravo. 2016.№ 3 (24). S. 11–12.
7. Jebzeev B.S. Chelovek, narod, gosudarstvo v konstitucionnom stroe Rossijskoj Federacii. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2013.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kanatov T.K.
The implementation of exclusive rights in the EEU
Purpose: To investigate current problem issues regarding the implementation of exclusive authors’ rights in the EEA countries.
Methodology: Use of system-structural, concrete-sociological, historical-legal, social-legal, comparative-legal, statistical methods of work.
Results: All the conclusions and proposals that were made as a result of the work on the article are based on international legislation and the legal framework of the EEA countries, ratified by the countries of this union. The relevance and significance of this work is to carry out an analysis of the implementation of exclusive authors’ rights in the EAEC countries.
The special significance of this research is that the theoretical principles of this work developed in the future can be used for further studying and considering issues related to the specific problems of the implementation of exclusive authors’ rights in the EEA countries. Consequently, this author makes a significant contribution to the theory of civil law.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, as it is one of the first attempts to consider the current problematic issues of the implementation of exclusive authors’ rights in the EEA countries.
Keywords: copyright, exclusive right, contract, Eurasian, economic.
References (transliterated)
1. Bliznec I.A., Leont’ev K. Pravo intellektual’noj sobstvennosti: celi i sredstva // IS. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhnye prava. 2003. № 2. S. 13.
2. Dozorcev V.A. Intellektual’nye prava: Ponjatie. Sistema. Zadachi kodifikacii // Zakonodatel’stvo i jekonomika. 1998. № 7. S. 4–17.
3. Eremenko V.I. Sootnoshenie ponjatij «intellektual’naja sobstvennost’» i «iskljuchitel’nye prava» v Grazhdanskom kodekse Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonodatel’stvo i jekonomika. 2008. № 10.
4. Evstaf’eva I.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie mezhdunarodnogo oborota imushhestvennyh avtorskih prav: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2012. S. 99.
5. Korshunov N.M. Pravo intellektual’noj sobstvennosti: Rossijskaja model’. S. 96.
6. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. Inostrannoe zakonodatel’stvo. M.: Statut, 2001. S. 448–592.
7. Intangible assets [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: www://en.wikipedia.org.
8. Hennebicq Leon. Les droits intellectuels et universels. Les Novelles. Corpus Juris Belgici. Bruxelles, 1936. P. 53.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Minyazeva T.F.
Psychological diagnosis of a person in dealing with the prevention of terrorism
Purpose: To justify the need to use methods of psychological diagnosis of a person in the activity to identify and prevent terrorist threats.
Methodology: The article uses theoretical-applied, system-structural, formal-legal, logical, research methods, methods of analysis and synthesis.
Results: The article raises the problem of using the methods of modern psychological diagnostics of a person when carrying out preventive measures to identify terrorist threats. The role of diagnostic information in the sanctioning of carrying out operational measures in relation to persons prone to terrorist activities is shown.
Novelty/originality/value: The article is distinguished by the scientific novelty of the statement of the problem with reference to the problem of the prevention of terrorist threats and contains original proposals for the improvement of the current legislation in parts of responsibility for cyber terrorism and increasing the effectiveness of the prevention of terrorism.
Keywords: terrorist threats, prevention measures, psychological diagnosis of a person, cyberterrorism.
References (transliterated)
1. Hronika tragedij: samye krupnye terakty v 2016–2017 godah [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://sarov24.ru/mneniya/892-a.html.
2. Samye gromkie terakty v 2017 godu [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://versiya.info/mozaika/14832.
3. https://novayagazeta-ug.ru/news/u17685/2017.
4. Tramp nazval strel’bu v Las-Vegase «aktom absoljutnogo zla» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://news.rambler.ru/world/38051026-tramp-vyskazalsya-o-boyne-v-las-vegase/.
5. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja i Osobennaja chasti. T. 3. Osobennaja chast’ / pod red. N.A. Lopashenko. M., 2014 S. 15–18.
6. Kibal’nik A.G., Suvorov V.A. Akt mezhdunarodnogo terrorizma – novoe prestuplenie protiv mira i bezopasnosti chelovechestva // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2016.№ 6.
7. Kostenko N.I. Mezhdunarodnoe ugolovnoe pravo na sovremennom jetape: tendencii i problemy razvitija. M., 2014. S. 290–292.
8. Sobol’nikov V.V., Putjatin V.D. Terrorizm kak juridiko-psihologicheskoe javlenie – problemno-psihologicheskij analiz i perspektivy protivodejstvija // Rossijskij sledovatel’. 2016.№ 10. S. 40.
9. Stepanov-Eginnc V.G. Otvetstvennost’ za prestuplenija protiv komp’juternoj informacii v ugolovnom zakonodatel’stve Rossijskoj Federacii. M.: Statut, 2016. S. 7.
10. CherdjaeevaN.S. Mezhdunarodnyj terrorizm. M.: Prospekt 2017. S. 110–118.
11. Glava FSB: Terroristy vedut zakrytye chaty v populjarnom messendzhere [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://regnum.ru/news/accidents/2279132.html.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Murodzoda A.A.
Law of explanatory activity of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Tajikistan: concept and objectives
Purpose: To study the law-explaining activities of the highest judicial body of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Methodology: We used a formal legal, logical method, a method of studying the legal framework.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, as it is one of the first attempts to consider the goals, objectives, content and essence of the law-explaining activities of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Tajikistan. The activities of the Supreme Court aimed at ensuring a unified judicial practice in the country are carried out by the development and adoption of Plenum Decrees, which have important theoretical and practical significance in the law enforcement practice of the courts.
Keywords: the right of explanatory activity of the Supreme Court, judicial practice, content, goals, concepts of the Plenum Regulations, generalization of judicial statistics, obligatory application of plenums of the highest judicial bodies.
References (transliterated)
1. Bratus’ S.N., Vengerov A.B. Ponjatie, soderzhanie i forma sudebnoj praktiki. M., 1975.
2. Demidov V.V. O roli i znachenii postanovlenij Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF // BVS RF. 1998.№ 3. S. 21.
3. Dobrovol’skaja T.N. Konstitucionnye osnovy pravosudija // Organy Sovetskogo obshhenarodnogo gosudarstva. M., 1979.
4. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O normativnyh pravovyh aktah» ot 30 maja 2017 goda№ 1414 // Oficial’nyj sajt centra zakonodatel’stva pri Prezidente Respubliki Tadzhikistan [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: www.mmk.tj.
5. Lebedev V.M. Stanovlenie i razvitie sudebnoj vlasti v Rossijskoj Federacii. M., 2000.
6. Mad’jarova A.V. Mesto i rol’ raz#jasnenij Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii v mehanizme ugolovno-pravovogo regulirovanija: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Krasnojarsk, 2001. S. 10.
7. Petrushev V.A. Obladajut li raz#jasnenija Verhovnogo Suda RF po voprosam sudebnoj praktiki objazatel’noj siloj? // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2008.№ 3. S. 74.
8. Sviridenko O.М. Sudebnaja praktika – istochnik rossijskogo prava? // Sovremennoe pravo. 2010.№ 10. S. 64.
9. Terebkov A.V. Juridicheskaja i logicheskaja priroda raz#jasnenij Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2006. S. 7.
10. Cherdancev A.F. Tolkovanie sovetskogo prava. M., 1979.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Ivanova S.A.
Peculiarities of legal regime of energy resources
Purpose: To study on the improvement of the energy legislation, the establishment of its integrated system, which will provide a legal energy the rule of law in Russia.
Methodology: We used the dialectical, formal-legal and analytical methods.
Results: The article focuses on peculiarities of legal regime of energy resources to bring energy legislation to a whole system designed on the basis of General economic and legal concept of the development of energy legislation.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses a certain scientific value and practical significance.
Keywords: fuel and energy complex, energy, energy relations, energy legislation, the ratio of private and public regulation.
References (transliterated)
1. Grazhdanskoe i torgovoe pravo zarubezhnyh gosudarstv. T. 1. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2004. S. 314.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Aktual’nye problemy teorii i praktiki / pod obshh. red. V.A. Belova (avtor ocherka – R.S. Bevzenko). M.: Jurajt, 2009. S. 341, 342.
3. Dozorcev V.A. Principial’nye cherty prava sobstvennosti v Grazhdanskom kodekse // Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossii. Problemy. Teorija. Praktika: sbornik pamjati S.A. Hohlova. M., 1998. S. 233, 234.
4. Egiazarov V.A., Ignatjuk N.A., Polupanov M.I. Dogovor jenergosnabzhenija // Pravo i jekonomika. 2001.№ 7. S. 77–80.
5. Kancer Ju.A. O predmete dogovora jenergosnab-zhenija // Sovetnik jurista. 2015.№ 5. S. 61.
6. Kancer Ju.A. Resursosnabzhenie zhilishhno-kom-munal’nogo hozjajstva Rossii: voprosy teorii i praktiki: monografija / otv. red. V.A. Vajpan. M.: Justicinform, 2017. S. 77.
7. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii, chasti vtoroj / pod red. O.N. Sadikova. M., 2006. S. 208.
8. Koncepcija razvitija rossijskogo zakonodatel’stva / pod red. T.Ja. Habrievoj, Ju.A. Tihomirova. M., 2010. S. 57.
9. Lapach V.A. Sistema ob#ektov grazhdanskih prav. SPb., 2002. S. 312.
10. Opredelenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 14.09.2015 po delu№ 303-JeS15-6562, A73-6824/2014. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
11. Postanovlenie Dvenadcatogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda ot 01.08.2013. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
12. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.03.2016№ 7 «O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob otvetstvennosti za narushenie objazatel’stv» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2016.№ 70.
13. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 13.11.2009 № 1715-r «Ob Jenergeticheskoj strategii Rossii na period do 2030 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF. 2009. 30 nojabrja.№ 48. St. 5836.
14. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Saratovskoj oblasti ot 18.04.2013.
15. Svirkov S.A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovanija oborota jenergii: monografija. M.: Statut, 2013.
16. Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF. 2003. 31 marta.№ 13. St. 1177.
17. Federal’nyj zakon «O gosudarstvennoj informacionnoj sisteme toplivno-jenergeticheskogo kompleksa» ot 03.12.2011№ 382-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2011. 9 dekabrja.
18. Federal’nyj zakon ot 11 ijulja 2011 g.№ 190-FZ «Ob obrashhenii s radioaktivnymi othodami i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. 2011.№ 29. St. 4281.
19. Federal’nyj zakon ot 18.07.2006№ 117-FZ «Ob jeksporte gaza» // SZ RF. 2006.№ 30. St. 3293.
20. Federal’nyj zakon ot 21.02.1992№ 2395-1 «O nedrah» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 1992. 5 maja.
21. Federal’nyj zakon ot 30.11.1995№ 187-FZ «O kontinental’nom shel’fe Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. 1995.№ 49. St. 4694.
22. Federal’nyj zakon ot 21.06.2011№ 256-FZ «O bezopasnosti ob#ektov toplivno-jenergeticheskogo kompleksa» // SZ RF. 2011.№ 30. Ch. I. St. 4604.
23. Federal’nyj zakon ot 23.11.2009№ 261-FZ «Ob jenergosberezhenii i o povyshenii jenergeticheskoj jeffektivnosti i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. 2009.№ 48. St. 5711.
24. Federal’nyj zakon ot 26 marta 2003 g.№ 35-FZ «Ob jelektrojenergetike» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2003. 1 aprelja.
25. Federal’nyj zakon ot 27 ijulja 2010 g.№ 190-FZ «O teplosnabzhenii» // SZ RF. 2010.№ 31. St. 4159.
26. Federal’nyj zakon ot 31.03.1999№ 69-FZ «O gazosnabzhenii v Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. 1999. № 14. St. 1667.
27. Shvedkova O.V. Jenergija kak ob#ekt dogovornyh otnoshenij: k voprosu o ponjatii i pravovoj prirode // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2016.№ 7. S. 52–57.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Teplova D.O.
Constitutional and legal bases of interaction of municipal and international law
Purpose: Research of the main constitutional and legal bases of interaction of municipal and interna-tional law.
Methodology: In article the method of the comparative analysis, a formal-legal method are used.
Results: The bases of a ratio of norms of national and international law relying on standards of the Constitution of the Russian Federation are presented in article. The author, having analyzed the existing legal instructions, shows ambiguity of their interpretation in jurisprudence and practice. Special attention is paid to problems of limits of implementation of rules of international law in the national legal system, existence in separate international conventions of a certain «general» norm which mechanism of realization is subject to settlement by already national legal system of the joined state, wrong interpretation of standards of interna-tional treaties which can lead, as a result, to wrong implementation in the national legal system. As a conclusion it is offered to legislators by consideration of questions of ratification of international agreements to make use of effective international experience of application of this or that institute in standards of the national legal system.
Novelty/originality/value: This article represents a certain scientific importance owing to relevance of a subject of a research and its importance for modern Russian society and legal science.
Keywords: international law, national right, implementation, interpretation of rules of international law, European Court of Human Rights.
References (transliterated)
1. https://www.dp.ru/a/2017/09/05/Mintrans_sobiraetsja_uveli.
2. Venskaja konvencija o prave dogovorov mezhdu gosudarstvami i mezhdunarodnymi organizacijami ili mezhdu mezhdunarodnymi organizacijami (Vmeste s «Proceduroj arbitrazha i primirenija v sootvetstvii so stat’ej 66») // Dejstvujushhee mezhdunarodnoe pravo. T. 1. M.: Moskovskij nezavisimyj institut mezhdunarodnogo prava, 1996. S. 372–409.
3. Gaagskaja konferencija po mezhdunarodnomu chastnomu pravu [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.status&cid=17.
4. Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i drugih dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.cis.minsk.by/reestr/ru/index.html#reestr/view/text?doc=57.
5. Erpyleva N.Ju. Jevoljucija kollizionnogo regulirovanija v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave Rossii i Pol’shi // Advokat. 2015. № 1. S. 37–58.
6. Konvencija dlja unifikacii nekotoryh pravil mezhdunarodnyh vozdushnyh perevozok (zakljuchena v g. Monreale 28.05.1999) // Oficial’nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
7. Konvencija o mezhdunarodnyh garantijah v otnoshenii podvizhnogo oborudovanija [rus., angl.] (Zakljuchena v g. Kejptaune 16.11.2001) // Bjulleten’ mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. 2012. № 10. S. 26–50.
8. Lukashuk I.I. Sovremennoe pravo mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov: v 2 t. M., 2004. T. I: Zakljuchenie mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. S. 90.
9. Malyshkin A.V. Predely integrirovanija jurisdikcii Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka v rossijskuju pravovuju sistemu // Rossijskij sud’ja. 2017. № 6. S. 34–39.
10. Osminin B.I. Prioritetnoe primenenie mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov v nacional’noj pravovoj sisteme: uslovija i posledstvija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2017. № 12. S. 160–173.
11. Reshenie Podol’skogo gorodskogo suda MO ot 26.12.2017 // O vzyskanii shtrafov, kompensacii, moral’nogo vreda po Monreal’skoj konvencii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://podolsky–mo.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=sud_delo&srv.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Andrievsky V.K.
Financial contract as a type of public contract
Purpose: To determine the financial contract as an agreement of two or more parties, one of which is a public entity or is it aimed at the establishment, modification or termination of the subjective rights and legal duties in the sphere of financial activities, ensures the effective achievement of the goal of mandatory provisions in the financial regulation.
Methodology: Used methods of deduction, formal-legal, analytical, dispositive.
Results: The article analyzes the nature of the contract in financial and legal regulation, as a version of a public contract. At the same time, attention is focused on comparing the financial-legal contract with the administrative-legal agreement, their commonality and differences. The conclusion is drawn that the use of generic, cross-cutting categories for many legal branches does not at all mean interpenetration of industrial designs into each other, but indicates the existence of systemic law, where each industry has a separate place, but nevertheless communicating with others. The evolution of contractual relations testifies to a certain transformation of private-legal instruments into public-legal instruments, when the state connects certain legal consequences with them and puts them in the appropriate legal form.
The public nature of the contract in financial law is manifested in ensuring the implementation of the imperative order, the most effective, rational, and timely execution of the will of the public entity. In terms of financial contracts, as a variety of public contracts, it is not a question of interlacing imperative and dispositive regulation, but of the emergence of such a design when a dispositive method contributes to the formation of the most rational model for the implementation of an imperative prescription and plays a unique supporting role in implementing the dictates emanating from the public entity. That is why a financial contract is characterized as an agreement of two or more participants, one of which is or represents a public entity aimed at establishing, changing or terminating the subjective rights and legal obligations in the sphere of financial activity, ensuring the most effective achievement of the goal of the mandatory order in financial and legal regulation.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses a certain scientific value and practical significance.
Keywords: public law, subject of financial law, imperative method of regulation, public contract, signs of public contract, the ratio of administrative and financial contracts, financial contract, abuse of law.
References (transliterated)
1. Bolgova V.V. Tendencii vzaimodejstviya chastnogo i publichnogo prava v pravovoj sisteme Rossii: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy’ // Aktual’ny’e problemy’ pravovedeniya. 2008. № 1. S. 9, 10, 11.
2. Varlamova N.V., Lukasheva E.A, Mal’cev G.V. i dr. Pravo i politika sovremennoj Rossii. M., 1996. S. 1–14.
3. Gorlova E.N. Publichny’j dogovor v finansovom prave: avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2010. S. 4, 10.
4. Korshunov N.M. Konvergenciya chastnogo i publichnogo prava: problemy’ teorii i praktiki. M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2011. S. 36, 37, 114–222.
5. Luparev E.B., Dobrobaba M.B., Mokina T.V. Obshhaya teoriya publichny’x pravootnoshenij: monografiya. M.: Yurlitinform, 2011. S. 93, 228, 229, 230.
6. Rozenfel’d V.G., Starilov Yu.N. Problemy’ sovremennoj teorii administrativnogo dogovora // Pravovedenie. 1996. № 4. S. 47–63.
7. Tixomirov Yu.A. Sovremennoe publichnoe pravo: monograficheskij uchebnik. M.: E’ksmo, 2008. S. 280.
8. Tixomirov Yu.A. Publichnoe pravo. M.: BEK, 1995. S. 180, 183, 184.
9. Yakovlev V.F. Rossiya: e’konomika, grazhdanskoe pravo. M., 2001. S. 24.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Koryakina Z.I, Pavlova A.A, Varlamova D.K
Effectiveness of the law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) «On responsible parenting»
Purpose: Scientific and practical study of law enforcement potential, i.e. role in the formation of legal and social consequences in the sphere of family and legal relations of the Law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) «On responsible parenting» adopted by the deputies of the State Assembly Il Tumen from 14.03.2016 1604-З№ 737-V.
Methodology: Sociological and formal legal methods were used.
Results: The article was carried out within the framework of a grant study with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) on the topic «Legal and social problems of the implementation of the Law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) on Responsible Parenthood» (Registration number of ESSIS NIOKTR - AAAA-A17-117042010061-7; 20.04.2017).
The article deals with the effective application of the law under study, its expected and realistic capabilities in the formation of responsible parenting. The novelty of the law, its ability to organize an updated legal and social approach for improving the state policy in matters of family and child support are analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high scientific value, since it is the first attempt to consider the formation of the institution of responsible parenthood in law by the example of regional legislation.
Keywords: responsible parenthood, law, family, minor, upbringing, responsibility, law enforcement, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
References (transliterated)
1. Bajmurzaeva R.A. Rol’ nacional’nyh tradicij i obychaev v preduprezhdenii pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih // Sovremennoe pravo. 2012.№ 3. S. 157–160.
2. Baranov V.M., Kovtun N.N., Tolstik V.A. Kodifikacija zakonodatel’stva kak faktor stabil’nosti prava i jekonomiki // Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2009.№ 2 (11). S. 197–205.
3. Belousov S.A. Kachestvo zakona i jeffektivnost’ ego primenenija: puti preodolenija negativnyh posledstvij zakonodatel’nogo disbalansa // Vestnik Povolzhskoj akademii gosudarstvennoj sluzhby. 2014.№ 4 (43). S. 11–17.
4. Busel’ A.N., Androsova M.I. Vospitanie duhovnyh i kul’turnyh cennostej rebenka posredstvom obychaev i tradicij saha // Pedagogika i psihologija sem’i: sovremennye vyzovy, tradicii i innovacii: sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem / pod red. M.M. Prokop’evoj, V.V. Nahodkina, M.I. Androsovoj. Cheboksary: CNS Interaktiv pljus, 2015. S. 98–100.
5. Varlamova D.K. Normativnoe regulirovanie roditel’skih objazatel’stv na primere Respubliki Saha (Jakutija) // Aktual’nye problemy reformirovanija sovremennogo zakonodatel’stva: sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (15 dekabrja 2017 g., g. Ufa): v 2 ch. Ch. 1. Ufa: Ajeterna, 2017. S. 62–66.
6. Varlamova D.K. Sravnitel’nyj analiz Zakona Respubliki Saha (Jakutija) «Ob otvetstvennom roditel’stve» // Sbornik materialov kruglogo stola «Pravovye i social’nye problemy realizacii Zakona Respubliki Saha (Jakutija) «Ob otvetstvennom roditel’stve». Kazan’: Molodoj uchenyj, 2018.
7. Korjakina Z.I., Pavlova A.A. Teoreticheskie osnovy juvenal’noj justicii // Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo federal’nogo universiteta imeni M.K. Ammosova. Istorija. Politologija. Pravo. 2017.№ 2 (06). S. 46–51.
8. Kislichenko A. Zakonoproekt «Ob otvetstvennom roditel’stve» – konec rossijskoj sem’i [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://annatubten.livejournal.com/484140.html.
9. Matuzov N.I., Mal’ko A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: kurs lekcij. M.: Jurist#, 1997.
10. Nikolaj Mishustin. Zakon ob otvetstvennom roditel’stve – razgul juvenal’shhiny? // Russkaja narodnaja linija [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://ruskline.ru/special_opinion/2016/mart/zakon_ob_otvetstvennom_roditelstve_razgul_yuvenalwiny/.
11. Sapun V.A. Teorija pravovyh sredstv i mehanizm realizacii prava. SPb.: SPbGUP, 2002.
12. Tendrjakova M.V. Detskie donosy i juvenal’naja justicija // Obrazovatel’naja politika. 2010.№ 9–10 (47). S. 106–114.
13. Tihomirov Ju.A. Jeffektivnost’ zakona: ot celi k rezul’tatu // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2009.№ 4 (148). S. 3–7.
14. Cinchenko G.M. Juvenal’naja justicija: riski vnedrenija // Upravlencheskoe konsul’tirovanie. 2015.№ 8 (80). S. 114–127.

 

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