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International scientific and practical law journal Eurasian Journal of International Law
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND Advocacy PRO FESSION FUNCTIONING
Zaborovskу V.V.
Structure of the legal status of a lawyer
Purpose: To analyze the structure of the legal status of the lawyer as a person who is entrusted with the constitutional duty to provide legal assistance, including on the basis of analysis of the structure of the legal status of the individual.
Methodology: The authors used legalistic method based on the consistency and comprehensiveness of its holding.
Results: The article concludes that the elements of the structure of the legal status of the individual as a whole, and in particular a lawyer, in addition to the rights and duties that are undoubtedly original and conventional elements, you must also include legal guarantees and responsibility. The paper points out that only the inclusion of the responsibility to the elements of the legal status of the individual structures will provide an effective mechanism for the implementation of the face not only of his duties, but also on the proper use of the rights granted to him. It is concluded that the guarantee is one of the main, essential elements of the legal status of a person and a lawyer in particular, since the proper use of attorney granted to him the rights and the proper execution of his duties, in our opinion, it is impossible in the case of standard fastening guarantees as the declarations and without creating appropriate conditions for their implementation.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has some scientific value and important practical significance, because it contains a comprehensive study of the structure of the legal status of the lawyer
Keywords: lawyer, lawyer status, lawyer status structure, rights and duties of an lawyer, the guarantee of lawyer activity, lawyer’s responsibility.
References (transliterated)
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2. Bessarabov V.G., Kosarev M.A. Ponjatie pravovogo statusa advokata // Pravo i politika. 2005. № 11. S. 93–102.
3. Bojkov A.D. Status advokata: soderzhanie, kvalifikacionnye trebovanija i principy advokatskoj dejatel’nosti : avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2010.
4. Bojarinceva M.A. Admіnіstrativno-pravovij status gromadjanina Ukraїni: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 2005.
5. Vashhuk Ja.V. Zahisnik v admіnіstrativno-delіkt-nomu provadzhennі: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 2012.
6. Voevodin L.D. Juridicheskij status lichnosti v Rossii: ucheb. posob. M.: Izdatel’stvo MGU: INFRA M–NORMA, 1997.
7. Golovan’ І.V. Do pitannja pro ponjattja advokats’koї dіjal’nostі // Advokat. 2012. № 1. S. 12–15.
8. Gurtovoj O.O. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy dejatel’nosti advokata v arbitrazhnom processe: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2010.
9. Kalachova O.M. Viznachennja slіdchim procesual’-nogo statusu osіb, shho berut’ uchast’ u dosudovomu provadzhennі: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 2008.
10. Kivel’ V.N. Ponjatie pravovogo statusa lichnosti: voprosy teorii // Vesnіk BDU. Ser. 3: Gіstoryja. Jekanomіka. Prava. 2003. № 3. S. 57–61.
11. Kіvalov S.V., Bіla L.R.Admіnіstrativne pravo Ukraїni : navch.-metod. posіb. 2-ge vid., pererobl. і dopovn. O.: Jurid. lit., 2002.
12. Kudrjavcev V.L. Processual’noe polozhenie advokata v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sovremennoe pravo. 2005. № 4. S. 64–68.
13. Kuprejchenko S.V. Zashhitnik v ugolovnom processe na stadii predvaritel’nogo rassledovanija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2007.
14. Mal’cev G.V. Prava lichnosti: juridicheskaja norma i social’naja dejstvitel’nost’ // Konstitucija SSSR i pravovoe polozhenie lichnosti. M.: Izd-vo IGiP AN SSSR, 1979. S. 48–55.
15. Mishhenko E.V. Ugolovno-processual’nye garantii obespechenija pravovogo statusa lichnosti // Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2010. № 3. S. 117–122.
16. Najderov Ju.V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’ za narushenija zakonodatel’stva Rossijskoj Federacii o reklame. M., 2005.
17. Neskorodzhena L.L. Zabezpechennja procesual’nih prav і zakonnih іnteresіv pozivacha ta vіdpovіdacha u krimіnal’nomu sudochinstvі Ukraїni: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 2002.
18. Bajtin T.I. i dr. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava: akademicheskij kurs: v 2 t. T. 1. Teorija gosudarstva. M.: Zercalo, 1998.
19. Obshhaja teorija prav cheloveka / otv. red. E.A. Lukasheva. M.: Norma, 1996.
20. Padalka A.M. Mіsce juridichnoї vіdpovіdal’nostі v sistemі procesual’nogo statusu uchasnikіv krimіnal’nogo sudochinstva // Єvropejs’kі perspektivi. 2014. № 3. S. 140–145.
21. Polіtichnij enciklopedichnij slovnik: navch. posіb. dlja stud. vishh. navch. zakladіv / upor. V.P. Gorbatenko, A.G. Saprikіn; za red. Ju.S. Shemchushenka, V.D. Babkіna. K.: Geneza, 1997.
22. Postnikova V.V. Trebovanija k licu, pretendujushhemu na priobretenie statusa advokata, v Rossijskoj Federacii i v Velikobritanii // Advokatskaja praktika. 2013. № 5. S. 33–37.
23. Potanina M.P. Advokatura kak garant realizacii konstitucionnogo prava cheloveka i grazhdanina na juridicheskuju pomoshh’ v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Cheljabinsk, 2009.
24. Prava cheloveka: uchebnik dlja vuzov / otv. red. E.A. Lukasheva. M.: INFRA M–NORMA, 2001.
25. Problemy obshhej teorii prava i gosudarstva : ucheb. dlja vuzov / pod obshh. red. V.S. Nersesjanca. M.: Norma, 2004.
26. Proc’ko G.І. Pravovij status: ponjattja ta struktura // Pіvdennoukraїns’kij pravnichij chasopis. 2011. № 3. S. 88–91.
27. Proc’ko G.І. Pravovij status uchasnikіv dosudovogo slіdstva: problemi realіzacії: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 2012.
28. Ragulin A.V. Professional’nye prava advokata-zashhitnika v Rossijskoj Federacii. Voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2014.
29. Rogacheva O.S. Osobennosti administrativno-processual’nogo statusa advokata v proizvodstve po delu o nalogovom pravonarushenii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Voronezh, 2001.
30. Sіnєl’nіk R.V. Zahisnik u provadzhennі u spravah pro admіnіstrativnі pravoporushennja: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. H., 2008.
31. Skakun O.F. Teorіja derzhavi і prava: pіdruchnik: per. z ros. Harkіv: Konsum, 2001.
32. Sovremennyj tolkovyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka / gl. red. S.A. Kuznecov. SPb.: Norint, 2001.
33. Strogovich M.S. Izbrannye trudy: v 3 t. T. 1. Problemy obshhej teorii prava. M.: Nauka, 1990.
34. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlja jurid. vuzov / A.B. Vengerov. M.: Omega-L, 2002.
35. Hotenec’ P.V. Pravovij status advokata v Ukraїnі: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. H., 2002.
36. Chekachkova G.N. K voprosu o pravovom statuse lichnosti // Zhurnal nauchnyh publikacij aspirantov i doktorantov. 2010. S. 55–57.
37. Cherdancev A.F. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: Jurajt, 2000.
38. Shherba A.A. Uchastie advokata v preduprezhdenii i ispravlenii sudebnyh oshibok v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2006.
39. Janovs’ka O.G. Pravovі garantії dіjal’nostі advokata-zahisnika v krimіnal’nomu procesі Ukraїni: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. K., 1997.
 
PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION AND Advocacy PRO FESSION FUNCTIONING
Zakharenkov D.N.
Publicity as a principle of organization and activity of the legal profession
Purpose: Research the principle of publicity as a constituent element of the system of the principles of advocacy.
Methodology: The authors applied comparative legal method and formal legal method.
Results: In the article the question of legal fixing of the principle of publicity of the organization and activity of the advocacy is considered and problems of its realization are researched, the concept of the principle of publicity and its backgrounds are formulated, the proportion of accessible and transparent information about the advocacy and law secret is analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has a certain scientific and practical value.
Keywords: principles, publicity, advocate activity, advocacy.
References (transliterated)
1. Busurina E.O. Disciplinarnaja otvetstvennost’ advokata v pravozashhitnoj dejatel’nosti: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2013.
2. Vorob’ev A.V., Poljakov A.V., Tihonravov Ju.V. Teorija advokatury. M.: Grant#, 2002.
3. Gus’kova A.P., Shamardin A.A. Pravoohranitel’nye organy (sudoustrojstvo): uchebnik. M.: Jurist, 2005.
4. Demidova L.A., Sergeev V.I. Advokatura v Rossii. M.: Justicinform, 2006.
5. Dodonov V.N., Ermakov V.D., Krylova M.A. Bol’-shoj juridicheskij slovar’ / pod red. A.Ja. Suhareva. M.: Infra-M, 2001.
6. Kosarev M.A. Osnovnye principy advokatskoj dejatel’nosti // Pravo i politika. 2005. № 10.
7. Ozhegov S.I., Shvedova N.Ju. Tolkovyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka. 4-e izd., dop. M.: ITI Tehnologii, 2006.
8. Pecherskij V.V. Institut advokatury: teorija osnovnyh ponjatij i principov. M.: Jurlitinform, 2008.
9. Potashnik I.M. K voprosu o nezavisimosti advokatov i advokatskih ob#edinenij v Rossijskoj Federacii na sovremennom jetape // Pravozashhitnik. 2014. № 2.
10. Sadovnikova E. O reshenii stat’ advokatom ja ne zhalel nikogda! Interv’ju s A.G. Kucherenoj // Nasha gazeta. MGJuA. 2004. № 4 (24).
11. Semenjako E.V. Glasnost’ i operativnost’ – vazhnejshie prioritety // Vestnik Federal’noj palaty advokatov RF. 2003. № 1 (1).
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Devyatkin G.S.
Do the defense team need the objective truth in criminal case?
Purpose: The article considers the possible implications of the probable introduction of objective truth into the Russian criminal procedure from the point of view of advocates.
Methodology: The legalistic method, the comparative legal method and the method of legal modelling are used.
Results: The article presents the opinions of supporters and antagonists of the notion of objective truth in criminal procedure. The author presents a comprehensive study of the significance of the objective truth for advocates. A conclusion is made on the necessity of the objective truth for the defense team as it may foster equaling the opportunities of the defense and the prosecution.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a high research potential because it presents one of the first attempts to study the possible influence of the objective truth on advocacy if introduced into the Russian criminal procedure.
Keywords: truth, advocate, advocacy, objective truth, defendant.
References (transliterated)
1. Aleksandrova Z.E. Slovar’ sinonimov russkogo jazyka. Prakticheskij spravochnik. M.: Russkij jazyk, 2001.
2. Barshhevskij M. Ju. Advokatskaja jetika. M.: Profobrazovanie, 2000. S. 100.
3. Davydov V.A. Ob «obvinitel’nom uklone» v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Rossij-skoe pravosudie. 2015. № 7. S. 7.
4. Devjatkin G.S. Obespechenie prav, svobod i zakonnyh interesov podsudimogo v ros-sijskom ugolovnom processe: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2014. S. 212.
5. Dmitriev Ju. A. Dostizhima li ob#ektivnaja istina // Razvitie rossijskogo zako-nodatel’stva. 2014. № 188 (2). S. 93.
6. Zakomoldin A.V. Advokatskaja tajna i realizacija prava na kvalificirovannuju juridicheskuju pomoshh’ v ugolovnom processe Rossii // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2013. № 6 (7). S. 49.
7. Zakonoproekt № 440058-6 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovno-processual’nyj ko-deks Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s vvedeniem instituta ustanovlenija ob#ektivnoj is-tiny po ugolovnomu delu» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(Spravka)?OpenAgent&RN=440058-6&02.
8. Levi A. Nravstvennye i jeticheskie trebovanija k advokatu // Rossijskaja justicija. 2003. № 3. S. 25–26.
9. Orlov Ju.K. Sovremennye problemy dokazyvanija i ispol’zovanija special’nyh znanij v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: nauch.-ucheb. posob. M.: Prospekt, 2016. S. 16.
10. Ragulin A.V. Professional’nye prava advokata-zashhitnika v Rossijskoj Federa-cii: voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2014. S. 269–270.
11. Ragulina I.T. Stazher advokata i pomoshhnik advokata v gosudarstvah byvshego SSSR: osnovnye pravovye aspekty // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 6 (19). S. 35–37.
12. Sangadzhiev B.V. Advokatskaja tajna i ispol’zovanie konfidencial’noj informa-cii v ugolovnom i grazhdanskom processe // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 1 (65). S. 145–158.
13. Selina E.V. Dopustimost’, otnosimost’ i dostovernost’ dokazatel’stv v ugolovnom processe Anglii i SShA // Justicija. 2015. № 2. S. 6.
14. Sernovec M.N. Protokol sudebnogo zasedanija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: o so-derzhanii pravovyh predpisanij i ih prakticheskoj realizacii v sudah g. Moskvy // Ev-razijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 5 (18). S. 75–93.
15. Skrjabin A.N. Osobennosti provedenija sledstvennyh dejstvij i mer obespechenija ugolovnogo proizvodstva v otnoshenii advokata po zakonodatel’stvu Ukrainy // Evra-zijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 1 (14). S. 41–46.
16. Sut’ suda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://rg.ru/2012/03/15/bastrykin-site.html.
17. Ter-Akopov G.R. Protokol sudebnogo zasedanija po ugolovnomu delu: processual’no-pravovye problemy i puti ih reshenija // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 5 (18). S. 22–26.
18. Tolkovyj slovar’ russkogo jazyka S.I. Ozhegova [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://ozhegov-online.ru/slovar-ozhegova/istina/11093.
19. Cvetkov Ju.A. Professional’no-psihologicheskie tipy sudej // Ugolovnyj pro-cess. 2013. № 11. S. 99.
20. Cvetkova E.E. Pravo advokata na zapros kak osnovopolagajushhaja garantija okazanija kvalificirovannoj juridicheskoj pomoshhi // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 4 (17). S. 18–23.
21. Chajka: «ob#ektivnaja istina» privedet k obvinitel’-nomu uklonu v sudah» [Jelek-tronnyj resurs]. URL: http://pravo.ru/court_report/view/104677/.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Olenev A.B.
To a question of some procedural features of participation of advocate during implementation of protection in court with participation of jurors
Purpose: Consideration of topical issues of activity of the lawyer in court with participation of jurors.
Methodology: The author applied a historical and legal method, a formal-legal method, a method of the included supervision.
Results: In article criminal procedure and tactical aspects of lawyer activity in court with participation of jurors are analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: Work is of the high scientific value as is attempt of the modern analysis of lawyer activity in a jury in Russia.
Keywords: jurors, legal profession, lawyer activity.
References (transliterated)
1. Arsen’ev A.A. Sudebnoe sledstvie: sbornik prakticheskih zametok. SPb., 1871. S. 269–270.
2. Zakonoproekt № 1016453-6 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovno-processual’nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s rasshireniem primenenija instituta prisjazhnyh zasedatelej». Avtomatizirovannaja sistema obespechenija zakonodatel’noj dejatel’nosti [Jelektronnyj resurs]. UPL: http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(Spravka)?OpenAgent&RN=1016453-6.
3. Kabachenko T.S. Metody psihologicheskogo vozdejstvija: ucheb. posob. M.: Pedagogicheskoe obshhestvo Rossii, 2000. S. 242.
4. Kizirbozunc T.M. K voprosu o meste i roli pravosudija v processe razvitija institutov grazhdanskogo obshhestva (na primere suda prisjazhnyh zasedatelej) // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 1 (65). S. 108–119.
5. Larin L.M. Prezumpcija nevinovnosti. M., 1982. S. 81.
6. Markova T.Ju. Formirovanie kollegii prisjazhnyh zasedatelej po ustavu ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva 1864 goda // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 6 (19). S. 15–21.
7. Mironov M.D. Pravovoj status prisjazhnyh zasedatelej v Rossijskoj Federacii // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 1 (65). S. 214–220.
8. Prokuror v sude prisjazhnyh. M.: NII problem ukreplenija zakonnosti i pravoporjadka, 1995. S. 46.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Akhiyarov R.A.
Disputes qualification fraud in lending (аrt. 159.1 of the Criminal Code)
Purpose: Consider questions of qualification fraud in lending by Russian legislation.
Methodology: To use private-scientific methods of knowledge: formal-legal, comparative legal, system analysis and others.
Results: Given the distinctive features of the fraud in lending.
Novelty/originality/value: A brief description of fraud in lending, identified key differences, qualification questions.
Keywords: fraud, qualification, an individual loan loss loans, the borrower.
References (transliterated)
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 25 sentjabrja 2013 g. po delu № 10-9277.
2. Baljabin V.N. Vina v sostave nezakonnogo poluchenija kredita // Advokatskaja praktika. 2013. № 5.
3. Zhesterov P.V. Ugolovnaja repressija v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel’nosti v Rossii // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 6. S. 69–75.
4. Ignat’eva S.V., Igbaeva G.R. Pravovaja priroda va-ljutnyh pravootnoshenij // Bankovskoe pravo. 2004. № 4. S. 59–63.
5. Letnikov Ju.S., Tarbagaev A.N. Problemy kvalifikacii prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo st. 159.1 UK RF // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2014. № 6. S. 42–49.
6. Postanovlenie prezidiuma Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 4 oktjabrja 2013 g. po delu № 44u-276/13.
7. Postanovlenie prezidiuma Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 6 sentjabrja 2013 g. po delu № 44u-228/13.
8. Saratovskij oblastnoj sud. Obobshhenie sudebnoj praktiki v Saratovskoj oblasti po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah, predusmotrennyh stat’jami 159.1–159.6 UK RF, a takzhe sudebnoj praktiki po privedeniju prigovorov v otnoshenii lic, osuzhdennyh za moshennichestvo po stat’e 159 UK RF, v sootvetstvie s UK RF v redakcii Federal’nogo zakona ot 29 nojabrja 2012 g. № 207-FZ.
9. Smolin S. Aktual’nye voprosy kvalifikacii moshennichestva v kreditnoj sfere // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2014. № 6. S. 72.
10. Hiljuta V. Komu prichinjaetsja ushherb v rezul’tate hishhenija? // Zakonnost’. 2014. № 5. S. 58.
11. Shvedova Ja.E. Osobennosti veksel’nogo kreditovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 5 (69). S. 248–255.
12. Shesler A. Moshennichestvo: problemy realizacii zakonodatel’nyh novell // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2013. № 2.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Zabotkin A.O.
The interpretation and application of the rules concerning disposition of community property in the rulings of the supreme court of the Russian Federation
Purpose: Description of some of the topical legal rulings of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation concerning the interpretation and application of rules that govern the disposition of community property.
Methodology: The formal legal method was used.
Results: The author considers some of the important issues relating to interpretation and application of the rules concerning disposition of community property contained in Article 35 of the Family Code of the Russian Federation. Special attention is given to the existing rulings of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the criticism of such rulings. The questions regarding the competition of one of the former spouses’ interests on one hand, and the good faith acquirer’s interests on the other, are examined.
Novelty/originality/value: The author thoroughly describes the stated rulings and the criticism of these rulings. Special attention is given to the shortcomings of current law.
Keywords: disposition of community property, family law, good faith, invalid transaction.
References (transliterated)
1. Boronina M.N. Notarial’no udostoverennoe soglasie supruga kak sposob zashhity prav netitul’nogo sobstvennika // Juridicheskaja nauka. 2012. № 2. S. 58-60.
2. Zabotkin A.O. Problemy primenenija stat’i 35 Semejnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Gosudarstvennyj sovetnik. 2014. № 2. S. 11–15.
3. Kommentarij k Semejnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / Z.A. Ahmet’janova, E.Ju. Koval’kova, O.N. Nizamieva i dr.; otv. red. O.N. Nizamieva. M.: Prospekt, 2011.
4. Maksimovich L.B. Problemy pravoprimenenija pri razreshenii imushhestvennyh sporov s uchastiem suprugov // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. 2008. № 1. S. 67-69.
5. Popov M.N., P’jankova A.F. O porjadke rasporjazhenija sovmestno nazhitym imushhestvom byvshih suprugov // Zakonodatel’stvo i jekonomika. 2015. № 1. S. 74–80.
6. Pchelinceva L.M. Kommentarij k Semejnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. 6-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2011.
7. Rychkova N.Ju. Otvetstvennost’ supruga za narushenie prava na sovmestnoe rasporjazhenie obshhim imushhestvom suprugov // Vestnik Omskoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2011. № 4. S. 104–106.
8. Fedulova O.I. Pravovye osobennosti udostoverenija soglasija supruga pri sovershenii sdelok v notarial’noj dejatel’nosti // Notarial’nyj vestnik. 2011. № 9. S. 32–36.
9. Filatova U.B. Osobennosti rasporjazhenija imushhestvom, nahodjashhimsja v sovmestnoj sobstvennosti suprugov (byvshih suprugov), v Rossii i stranah Evropy: sravnitel’no-pravovoj analiz // Biznes, menedzhment i pravo. 2013. № 2. S. 104–108.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Pashkova V.A.
Representing principals in courts in custody disputes as an independent form of advocacy
Purpose: Research of representing principals in courts in custody disputes as an independent form of advocacy.
Methodology: Formally-legal method was used.
Results: Article is devoted to the research of such form of advocacy as representing principals in courts in custody disputes. The author reviews the special aspects of this form, proves, that this form of advocacy is the independent one and analyzes its nature and content.
Novelty/originality/value: Article possesses the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts to consider representing principals in courts in custody disputes as an independent form of advocacy.
Keywords: advocacy, attorney at law, forms of advocacy, family law, custody disputes, litigation support, civil practice, representing in court.
References (transliterated)
1. Advokat: navyki professional’nogo masterstva / pod red. L.A. Voskobitovoj, I.N. Luk’janovoj, L.P. Mihajlovoj. M.: Volters Kluver, 2006.
2. Advokatskaja dejatel’nost’: ucheb.-praktich. posob. / pod obshh. red. V.N. Burobina. M.: JeKMOS, 2003.
3. Albegova I.F., Mjalkin V.A., Sinjak E.A. Rebenok i ego prava v sovremennoj Rossii. Jaroslavl’, 1997.
4. Vas’kovskij E.V. Kurs grazhdanskogo processa. T. 1. M., 1913 // cit. po: Grazhdanskij process: hrestomatija / pod red. M.K. Treushnikova. M., 2005. S. 328–329.
5. Volodina S.I. Znachenie logiko-rechevyh sredstv ugolovnoj zashhity. M.: Novaja justicija. 2006.
6. Vorozhejkin E.M. Semejnye pravootnoshenija v SSSR. M.: Jurid. lit., 1972. S. 185.
7. Voskobitova M.R. Uchastie advokata v realizacii prav grazhdan na obrashhenie v mezhgosudarstvennye organy po zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2009.
8. Gromozdina M.V. Osushhestvlenie roditel’skih prav pri razdel’nom prozhivanii roditelej po zakonodatel’stvu Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2010.
9. Dubdanova N.N., Usol’ceva L.A. Sudebnaja zashhita prav nesovershennoletnih // Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, g. Ulan-Udje, 23–25 sentjabrja 2009. Ulan-Udje, 2009. S. 233.
10. Ivanova S.A., Grudcyna L.Ju. Chastnoe i publichnoe pravo: vvedenie v problemu // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 5 (18). S. 38–43.
11. Ignatov S.D. Pravovoj status advokatury, advokata-zashhitnika, advokata-predstavitelja: ucheb. posob. Izhevsk, 2004.
12. Il’ina O.Ju. Interesy rebenka v semejnom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. M.: Gorodec, 2006. S. 100.
13. Kalacheva E.N. Dejatel’nost’ advokata po okazaniju juridicheskoj pomoshhi nesovershennoletnim. M.: Federal’naja palata advokatov, 2012.
14. Konvencija o pravah rebenka i ee realizacija v sovremennoj Rossii // Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 10-letiju prinjatija OON Konvencii o pravah rebenka. M., 2001.
15. Kucherena A.G. Advokatura: uchebnik. M.: Jurist#, 2006.
16. Makarov S.Ju. Osobennosti konsul’tacionnoj raboty advokata. M.: Novaja justicija, 2006.
17. Mel’nichenko R.G. Pravo na juridicheskuju pomoshh’: konstitucionnye aspekty: monografija. Volgograd: Izd-vo VAGS, 2003. S. 27.
18. Miftahova G.R. Advokatskaja dejatel’nost’ v delah po lisheniju roditel’skih prav pri zlostnom uklonenii roditelej ot uplaty alimentov // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 5 (69). S. 187–194.
19. Nagaev V.V. Juvenal’naja justicija. Social’nye problemy: ucheb. posob. dlja stud. vuzov. M.: JuNITIDANA: Zakon i pravo, 2010. S. 11
20. Podol’nyj N.A. Status advokata v svete reformy advokatury v Rossii // Advokatskaja praktika. 2002. № 9.
21. Posse E.A., Fadeeva T.A. Problemy semejnogo prava. L.: Izd. Leningr. un-ta, 1976. S. 71.
22. Postanovlenie Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka ot 24 fevralja 1997 goda // Evropejskij Cud po pravam cheloveka. Izbrannye reshenija. T. 2. M.: Norma, 2000. S. 391–402.
23. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 16 ijulja 2004 g. № 15-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti chasti 5 stat’i 59 Arbitrazhnogo processual’nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zaprosami Gosudarstvennogo Sobranija – Kurultaja Respubliki Bashkortostan, gubernatora Jaroslavskoj oblasti, Arbitrazhnogo suda Krasnojarskogo kraja, zhalobami rjada organizacij i grazhdan». Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy Konsul’tantPljus».
24. Predeina I.V. Pravovye i teoreticheskie osnovy razvitija juvenal’noj justicii v Rossii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2005. S. 109–110.
25. Juvenal’naja justicija v Rossii: vektory razvitija // Oficial’nyj sajt Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.supcourt.ru/print_page.php?id=1521.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Konyukhova A.S.
International Legal Mechanisms of Compensation for Damage Caused by Aircraft to Third Parties Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference with Civil Aviation
Purpose: Analysis of legal doctrine, practice of States and international conventions in order to identify entities that may be subject to compensation of damages caused to third parties resulting from acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation, and due procedure of such damage compensation.
Methodology: Formally-legal and historical-legal methods were used.
Results: The article analyzes main provisions of international conventions (both effective and not yet in force) dealing with the issue of compensation for damage which may be caused by civil aircraft to third parties, including, as a result of acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation. It is established that the said treaties are based on the principle of aircraft operator liability. At the same time validity of the sole operator’s liability in connection with criminal acts, prevention of which is basically determined by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and State governments raises doubts. It is revealed that international legal doctrine and practice accept the possibility of bringing States to liability in the event the damage results from crimes committed by individuals. Supplementary Compensation Mechanism (SCM) proposed by ICAO as a measure of the operator’s liability limitation is analyzed. The conclusion on SCM failure is made, as it is fulfilled not by governments, but solely through the fees charged by airlines to passengers and shippers.
Novelty/originality/value: The article possesses high scientific value as it is one of the first attempts to analyze the mechanism of compensation for damage caused to third parties resulting from acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation in the context of State responsibility for acts committed by individuals.
Keywords: acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation, operator’s liability, state responsibility for acts committed by private persons.
References (transliterated)
1. Abeyratne R.I.R. Aviation Security Law. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010. P. 105–106.
2. Becker T. Terrorism and the State: Rethinking the Rules of State Responsibility. Portland: Hart Publishing, 2006. P. 67.
3. Reports of International Arbitral Awards. United Nations, 2006. Vol. 4 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://legal.un.org/riaa/cases/vol_IV/82-98.pdf.
4. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/rus/Treaties/Html/116.htm.
5. Vozmeshhenie ushherba, prichinennogo vozdushnymi sudami tret’im licam, v sluchae nezakonnogo vmeshatel’stva ili v svjazi s obshhimi riskami: doklad (Dokument IKAO LC/33-WP/3-4). S. 2.
6. Grocij G. O prave vojny i mira. M.: Jurid. lit., 1956. S. 506.
7. Doklad 33-j sessii Juridicheskogo komiteta IKAO. Vozmeshhenie ushherba, prichinennogo vozdushnymi sudami tret’im licam v rezul’tate aktov nezakonnogo vmeshatel’stva ili v svjazi s obshhimi riskami. Dokument IKAO S-MIN 184/6.
8. Doklad Juridicheskoj komissii na 35-j sessii Assamblei IKAO, Monreal’, 28 sentjabrja – 8 oktjabrja 2004 goda (Dokument IKAO Doc. 9846, A-35-LE). S. 6.
9. Dokument IKAO Doc. 9919.
10. Dokument IKAO Doc. 9920.
11. Konvenciija o bor’be s nezakonnymi aktami, napravlennymi protiv bezopasnosti grazhdanskoj aviacii (Monreal’, 23 sentjabrja 1971 g.) // Sbornik dejstvujushhih dogovorov, soglashenij i konvencij, zakljuchennyh SSSR s inostrannymi gosudarstvami. Vyp. 29. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1975. S. 90–95.
12. Konvencija o bor’be s nezakonnym zahvatom vozdushnyh sudov (Gaaga, 16 dekabrja 1970 g.) // Sbornik dejstvujushhih dogovorov, soglashenij i konvencij, zakljuchennyh SSSR s inostrannymi gosudarstvami. Vyp. 27. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1974. S. 292–296.
13. Konvencija o bor’be s nezakonnymi aktami v otnoshenii mezhdunarodnoj grazhdanskoj aviacii (Pekin, 10 sentjabrja 2010 g.) (Dokument IKAO Doc. 9960).
14. Konvencija ob obshhih riskah 2009 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.icao.int/secretariat/legal/List%20of%20Parties/2009_GRC_EN.pdf.
15. Konvencija o vozmeshhenii ushherba v rezul’tate ANV 2009 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.icao.int/secretariat/legal/List%20of%20Parties/2009_UICC_EN.pdf.
16. Kratkoe izlozhenie reshenij, konsul’tativnyh zakljuchenij i postanovlenij Mezhdunarodnogo suda 1948–1991. N’ju-Jork: OON, 1993. S. 135.
17. Levin D.B. Otvetstvennost’ gosudarstv v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1966. S. 81.
18. Lukashuk I.I. Pravo mezhdunarodnoj otvetstvennosti. M.: Volters Kluver, 2004. S. 74.
19. Proekt Konvencii o vozmeshhenii ushherba, prichinennogo vozdushnymi sudami tret’im licam, v sluchae nezakonnogo vmeshatel’stva: doklad (Dokument IKAO LC/33-WP/3-3).
20. Protokol, dopolnjajushhij Konvenciju o bor’be s nezakonnym zahvatom vozdushnyh sudov (Pekin, 10 sentjabrja 2010 g.) (Dokument IKAO Doc. 9959).
21. Rezoljucija General’noj Assamblei OON ot 12 dekabrja 2001 g. № 56/83 «Otvetstvennost’ gosudarstv za mezhdunarodno-protivopravnye dejanija».
22. Sbornik dejstvujushhih dogovorov, soglashenij i konvencij, zakljuchennyh SSSR s inostrannymi gosudarstvami. Vyp. 38. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1984. S. 164–176.
23. Jur’ev S.S. Oblozhat li aviakompanii novym sborom? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.aerohelp.ru/law/info/2519.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ADVOCACY PRACTICE
Salikhova E.A.
Examination of conflictogenic text: on individual linguistic and linguosemiotic signs of extremist text
Purpose: To show individual results of a study of extremist texts with semiotic elements.
Methodology: Author used a comprehensive approach to the textual analysis.
Results: There is a particularity of the conflictogenic text, the illustrative material demonstrates how religious discourse is combined with speech strategies and tactics of the extremist orientation.
Novelty/originality/value: It is determined by using the potential of fundamental linguistics and related branches of its knowledge to solve problems of the examination of the text and that the competence limits of an individual scientist do not mean the limits of the linguistic (or wider – philological) competence.
Keywords: integrated approach, religious discourse, extremism.
References (transliterated)
1. Baranov A.N. Lingvisticheskaja jekspertiza teksta: teoreticheskie osnovanija i praktika. 5-e izd. M.: Flinta, 2013.
2. Gadomskij A. Stilisticheskij podhod k izucheniju religioznogo jazyka // Stil. 2008. S. 21–35.
3. Galjashina E.I. Lingvistika vs jekstremizma: V pomoshh’ sud’jam, sledovateljam, jekspertam. M., 2006.
4. Golikov L.M. Semiotika jekstremistskogo teksta: [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://konference.siberiaexpert.com/publ/konferencija_2012/dok-lad_s_obsuzhdeniem_na_sajte/golikov_l_m_semiotika_ehkstremistskogo_teksta /5-1-0-137.
5. Kara-Murza E.S. Lingvisticheskaja jekspertiza kak procedura politicheskoj lingvistiki // Politicheskaja lingvistika. 2009. № 1 (27). S. 47–71.
6. Leont’ev A.A. Psihologija obshhenija. M.: Smysl, 1999.
7. Mechkovskaja N.B. Jazyk i religija. M.: FAIR, 1998.
8. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar’ russkogo jazyka / pod red. N.Ju. Shvedovoj. M.: Russkij jazyk, 1989.
9. Okna Overtona. Tehnologija unichtozhenija obshhestva: [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://somatra.ru/okna-overtona/okno-overtonap-tehnologiya-smerti.html.
10. Pamjatka po voprosam naznachenija sudebnoj lingvisticheskoj jekspertizy: Dlja sudej, sledovatelej, doznavatelej, prokurorov, jekspertov, advokatov i juriskonsul’tov / pod red. M.V. Gorbanevskogo. M.: Medeja, 2004.
11. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza. Psihologo-lingvisticheskaja jekspertiza materialov jekstremistskoj napravlennosti: ucheb.-metod. posob. / sost.: L.Z. Podberezkina, E.Ju. Fedorenko. Krasnojarsk: Sib. feder. un-t, 2012.
12. Terra-leksikon: jenciklopedicheskij slovar’. M.: Terra, 1998.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Nurkaeva T.N.
About a regulation of norms with an administrative preyudition in criminal law
Purpose: To develop uniform approach to understanding and a regulation of an administrative preyudition in the criminal law.
Methodology: Dialectic, sociological, logical, comparative and legal and formal-legal methods were used.
Results: In article the author’s position on expediency of existence of an administrative preyudition in the criminal law is formulated, criteria of uniform understanding and a regulation of norms with an administrative preyudition are offered.
Novelty/originality/value: In article it is shown that the norms existing in the criminal law with an administrative preyudition are formulated by the legislator ambiguously. Criteria of uniform understanding and a regulation of the existing norms with an administrative preyudition are offered, and also expediency of introduction of an administrative preyudition in a row of other crime components is proved.
Keywords: administrative preyudition, criminal law, systematicity, administrative responsibility, public danger of act, special subject.
References (transliterated)
1. Zharikov Ju.S. Obespechenie zakonnosti ugolovno-pravovogo regulirovanija posredstvom norm s administrativnoj prejudiciej // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2014. № 5.
2. Kurs ugolovnogo prava. Obshhaja chast’. T. 1. Uchenie o prestuplenii: Uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. N.F. Kuznecovoj i I.M. Tjazhkovoj. M.: ZERCALO, 1999.
3. Kolosova V.I. Administrativnaja prejudicija kak sredstvo preduprezhdenija prestuplenij i sovershenstvovanija ugolovnogo zakonodatel’stva // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. 2011. № 5 (1).
4. Kozlov A.V. O dopustimosti administrativno-pravovoj prejudicii v ugolovnom zakonodatel’stve Rossii // Vestnik Dal’nevostochnogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD RF. 2012. № 1 (22).
5. Lopashenko N.A. Administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom prave – net! // Vestnik Akademii General’noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. 2011. № 3.
6. Luneev V.V. Problemy juridicheskih nauk kriminal’nogo cikla // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2007. № 5.
7. Serdjuk L.V. Semejno-bytovoe nasilie: kriminologicheskij i ugolovno-pravovoj analiz: monografija. M.: Jurlitinform, 2015.
8. Tarbagaev A.N. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’ v ugolovnom prave // Pravovedenie. 1992. № 2.
9. Ustimenko V.V. Special’nyj sub#ekt prestuplenija (ponjatie, vidy, nekotorye voprosy kvalifikacii): dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Har’kov, 1983.
10. Frizen P.D. Administrativno-pravovoe preduprezhdenie otdel’nyh vidov prestuplenij: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Barnaul, 2004.
11. Juridicheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar’ / otv. red. M.N. Marchenko. M.: TK Velbi: Prospekt, 2006.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Voronin V.N.
The influence of the appointed punishment on correction of the convict and the living conditions of his family as the General criterion of individualization of punishment
Purpose: To examine the application in judicial practice, the two General criteria of individualization of punishment: 1) the influence of the appointed punishment on correction of the convict; 2) the influence of the appointed punishment on the living conditions of the family of the convicted person;
Methodology: The study used a dialectical, sociological and legal-technical methods.
Results: The article substantiates the need to exclude from the law the instructions on the account influence of the appointed punishment on correction condemned as unacceptable the selection achieving one of the purposes of punishment as requirements, which should meet the punishment, as it violates the principle of fairness and may lead to double counting of the same factors. Also the instructions on this criterion are absent in the judicial practice. In imposing sentence, the court must minimize the deterioration of the situation of family members of the perpetrator in connection with the assigned penalty, the court must strive to maintain positive social relationships the perpetrator. However, the absence of family support, nonparticipation in the upbringing of children, immoral behavior the family can influence the increase of punishment through the tested criterion, because in this case, in connection with sentencing, the family is not deteriorating;
Novelty/originality/value: The novelty of the research lies in the fact that this is the first article that combines theoretical views on the subject, the position of judicial practice and the data of sociological research, which provided valuable conclusions that can become the reference point for legal practitioners.
Keywords: punishment, sentencing, individualization of punishment, the General criteria of individualization, the influence of punishment on the family, the family’s financial situation.
References (transliterated)
1. Amas’janc A.Je. Ob ugolovno-pravovom znachenii mnenija poterpevshego pri individualizacii nakazanija (na primere konkretnogo dela) // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 2 (15). S. 75–77.
2. Blagov E.V. Primenenie obshhih nachal naznachenija ugolovnogo nakazanija. M., 2011. S. 44.
3. Djad’kin D.S. Teoreticheskie osnovy naznachenija ugolovnogo nakazanija: algoritmicheskij podhod. SPb., 2006. S. 308–309.
4. Zhidkih I.V. Realizacija principov ugolovnogo prava v obshhih nachalah naznachenija nakazanija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Rostov n/D, 2007. S. 137.
5. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 19 aprelja 2005 goda po delu № 57-o05-5 // Oficial’nyj sajt Verhovnogo Suda RF [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.supcourt.ru/stor_pdf.php?id=114282.
6. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 07.09.2004 po delu № 19-004-68 // Oficial’nyj sajt Verhovnogo Suda RF [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.supcourt.ru/stor_pdf.php?id=99442.
7. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Lipeckogo oblastnogo suda ot 26.11.2009 // Oficial’nyj sajt Lipeckogo oblastnogo suda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://oblsud.lpk.sudrf.ru/modules.php?cl=1&id=874&name=docum_sud.
8. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegija po ugolovnym delam Astrahanskogo oblastnogo suda po ugolovnomu delu № 22–372/2012 ot 9 fevralja 2012 goda // Oficial’nyj sajt Astrahanskogo oblastnogo suda [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://oblsud.ast.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=sud_delo&name_op=doc&srv_num=1&number=336401&delo_id=4&new=&text_number=1&case_id=34490.
9. Minjazeva T.F. Prinjatyj zakon dolzhen ispolnjat’-sja! // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 4 (17). S. 39–43.
10. Postanovlenie ot 11 maja 1999 g. «O praktike naznachenija sudami ugolovnyh nakazanij» // Bjulleten’ Verhovnogo Suda RF. 1999. № 8.
11. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 11.01.2007 № 2 «O praktike naznachenija sudami Rossijskoj Federacii ugolovnogo nakazanija» // Bjulleten’ Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2007. № 4.
12. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 22.12.2015 № 58 «O praktike naznachenija sudami Rossijskoj Federacii ugolovnogo nakazanija» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2015. № 295. 29 dekabrja.
13. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 29.10.2009 № 20 «O nekotoryh voprosah sudebnoj praktiki naznachenija i ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija» // Bjulleten’ Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2010. № 1.
14. Ratushnyj E.E. Problemy social’noj adaptacii lic, osvobozhdennyh ot nakazanija, i kontrolja nad ih povedeniem // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 9 (73). S. 334–347.
15. Jenciklopedija ugolovnogo prava: Naznachenie nakazanija. T. 9. SPb. 2009. S. 116, 167.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Zelensky S.N.
The role of the court in criminal procedure proving
Purpose: Investigation of the role of the court in criminal procedure proving.
Methodology: The author had applied rather-legal and legalistic methods.
Results: The article identifies ways to ensure fairness in the criminal process. Particularly important for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms is the role of the court in proving. Authentic knowledge of the event a criminal offense is a prerequisite to the court equitable solutions. The adversarial principle in criminal proceedings requires the Court to create the necessary conditions for the implementation by the parties of their procedural rights and fulfill procedural obligations. The Court cannot be a passive observer of the procedural opposition parties. The responsibility of proving in terms of control and estimation of evidence rests with the judge in accordance with the law and it is his a moral duty.
Novelty/originality/value: The article presents scientific and practical value as containing generalizations and conclusions of the author, description of the concepts of «evidence» and «proving» in the criminal process of Ukraine. The necessity of organizing manifestations role of the court in considering each individual criminal case. The court should create the necessary conditions for the establishment of truth and justice, without interfering in the match of the parties.
Keywords: evidence, proving, court, justice, true.
References (transliterated)
1. Belkin A.R. Teorija dokazyvanija: nauch.-metod. posob. M.: Norma, 1999.
2. Vyshinskij A.Ja. Teorija sudebnyh dokazatel’stv v sovetskom prave. M.: Jurid. izd-vo NKJu SSSR, 1941.
3. Golovnenkov P.V. Ugolovno-processual’nyj kodeks Federativnoj Respubliki Germanija – Stafprozessordnung (StPO): nauch.-praktich. kommentarij i per. teksta zakona / Pavel Golovnenkov, Natal’ja Spica; vstup. st. Uve Hell’manna. Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam, 2012.
4. Groshevij Ju.M. Ponjattja і klasifіkacіja zasobіv dokazuvannja v krimіnal’nomu procesі // Vіsnik Akademії pravovih nauk Ukraїni. 1997. № 7. S. 69–76.
5. Kovalenko Є.G. Teorіja dokazіv u krimіnal’nomu procesі Ukraїni. K.: Jurіnkom Іnter, 2006.
6. Kotjuk І.І. Sudova gnoseologіja: problemi metodo-logії ta praktiki: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk / Kiїvs’kij nacіonal’nij un-t іm. Tarasa Shevchenka. K., 2008.
7. Krimіnal’nij procesual’nij kodeks Ukraїni: naukovo-praktichnij komentar: u 2 t. T. 1 / O.M. Bandurka, Є.M. Blazhіvs’kij, Є.P. Burdol’ ta іn.; za zag. red. V.Ja. Tacіja, V.P. Pshonki, A.V. Portnova. H.: Pravo, 2012.
8. Kuhta A.A. Dokazyvanie istiny v ugolovnom processe: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2010.
9. Maljarenko V.T. Konstitucіjnі zasadi krimіnal’nogo sudochinstva. K.: Jurіnkom Іnter, 1999.
10. Petruhin I.L. Pravosudie: vremja reform. M.: Nauka, 1991.
11. Popeljushko V.O. Predmet dokazuvannja v krimіnal’nomu procesі (krimіnal’no-procesual’nі ta krimіnal’no-pravovі aspekti). Ostrog: Nac. un-t «Ostroz’ka akademіja», 2001.
12. Rіshennja Konstitucіjnogo Sudu Ukraїni vіd 20 zhovt. 2011 r. № 12-rp/2011 (u spravі za konstitucіjnim podannjam Sluzhbi bezpeki Ukraїni shhodo ofіcіjnogo tlumachennja polozhennja ch. 3 st. 62 Konstitucії Ukraїni) // Ofіc. vіsnik Ukraїni. 2011. № 84. St. 3091.
13. Sangadzhiev B.V., Sangadzhieva K.V. Soderzhanie pravootnoshenij po osushhestvleniju zashhity prav cheloveka i grazhdanina organami sudebnoj vlasti // Pravozashhitnik. 2015. № 1. S. 8.
14. Federal Rules of Evidence / Federal Evidence Review. 2015 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://federalevidence.com/downloads/rules.of.evidence.pdf.
15. Shishkіn V.І. Zabezpechennja prav ljudini v sudochinstvі SShA (organіzacіjnі і procesual’nі zasadi). K.: Jurіnkom Іnter, 2000.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Skabelin S.I.
Validity of using term «sufficient basis» in criminal procedure
Purpose: Studying of terminology used in Russion legislaton in support of their procedural decisions.
Methodology: Was used a comparative-legal, historical-legal and formal-legal methods.
Results: During the article, we analyzed using of the concepts of «sufficient evidence», «reasonable grounds» and «sufficient data» in a criminal trial, gave their characteristics. Established that concepts have a number of similarities and differences, and the legislator often do not share their understanding. At the same time the usefulness of the concept «reasonable grounds» is questionable, since it emphasizes the causal link, the reason for the decision, but not its content side. The concept of «sufficient data» reveals the need to inform decision-making process, and therefore more consistent with the goals and objectives of the criminal proceeding.
Novelty/originality/value: This article contains proposals aimed to improve the existing legislation, as well as provides the author’s formulation of the terms «data» and «grounds».
Keywords: sufficiency, evidence, notion data, sufficient basis, criminal procedure.
References (transliterated)
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 3 sentjabrja 2013 goda po delu № 10-8162 po zhalobe Lidzhieva Je.A. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul’tantPljus».
2. Begichev A.V. Zakonodatel’noe regulirovanie pravozashhitnoj dejatel’nosti v sfere predvaritel’nogo (dosu-debnogo) obespechenija dokazatel’stv v zarubezhnom prave // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 11 (75). S. 256–275.
3. Volodina N.V. Nekotorye osobennosti sudebnoj jekspertizy v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom processe sovremennoj Rossii // Justicija. 2015. № 1. S. 2.
4. Granichin O.N., Kijaev V.I. Informacionnye tehnologii v upravlenii. M.: BINOM, 2013. S. 17.
5. Lejbnic G.V. Soch. T. 1. M.: Mysl’, 1982. S. 27. (Filosofskoe nasledie).
6. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar’ russkogo jazyka. M.: Russkij jazyk, 1991. S. 155, 461.
7. Petrov A.V. Dostatochnye dannye – neobhodimoe uslovie dlja vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Zakonnost’. 2011. № 2. S. 57–59.
8. Selina E.V. Ugolovno-pravovaja zashhita zakonnoj procedury ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Pravovaja iniciativa. 2014. № 3. S. 12.
9. Sudebnye ustavy 20 nojabrja 1864 goda. Chast’ vtoraja. SPb., 1867.
10. Teorija dokazatel’stv v sovetskom ugolovnom processe / otv. red. N.V. Zhogin. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. M.: Jurid. lit., 1973. S. 217.
11. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik dlja bakalavrov / pod obshh. red. L.A. Voskobitovoj. M.: Prospekt, 2015. S. 40.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Muradov A.A.
Order of judicial proceedings in court of the first instance: theoretical aspect
Purpose: Consideration of topical issues of a regulation of an order of judicial proceedings in court of the first instance
Methodology: The author applied a historical and legal method, a formal - legal method, a method of the included supervision.
Results: In article the order of consideration and permission of affairs in court of the first instance, the general conditions, separate stages of judicial proceedings is investigated, their purposes and value are defined, the role of court in this stage is designated.
Novelty/originality/value: Work is of the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts of the modern analysis of an order of judicial proceedings of affairs in courts of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Keywords: court (judge), activity of court, consideration and permission of affairs in court of the first instance, justice; power.
References (transliterated)
1. Abozina T.N. Sootnoshenie predvaritel’nogo i sudebnogo sledstvija v ugolovnom processe Rossijskoj Federacii: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Vladimir, 2008.
2. Bobylev M.P. Obvinenie kak predmet ugolovnogo pravosudija v sovremennoj Rossii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Ufa, 2004. S. 19.
3. Bol’shoj juridicheskij slovar’ / pod red. A.Ja. Suhareva, V.E. Krutskih. M.: Infra-M, 2003.
4. Vasjaev A.A. Ispol’zovanie dokazatel’stv v hode sudebnogo sledstvija v sude pervoj instancii v rossijskom ugolovnom processe: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saransk, 2008.
5. Galoganov E.A. Rol’ suda kak sub#ekta dokazyvanija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Rossijskij sud’ja. 2003. № 1. S. 36–38.
6. Gochjaev M.K. Sudebnoe sledstvie kak ob#ektivnaja osnova zakonnogo i obosnovannogo prigovora: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Krasnodar, 2006.
7. Denisov L.A. Sudebnoe sledstvie kak sostavnaja chast’ stadii sudebnogo razbiratel’stva: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Vladimir, 2007.
8. Dudukina T.G. Podgotovitel’naja chast’ sudebnogo zasedanija: Problemy normativnogo regulirovanija i pravoprimenitel’noj praktiki: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2007.
9. Duhovskij M.V. Russkij ugolovnyj process. M., 1910. S. 317.
10. Zagajnova S.K. Sudebnye akty v mehanizme realizacii sudebnoj vlasti v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom processe. M.: Volters Kluver, 2007. S. 101–111.
11. Karabanova T.N. Sudebnoe sledstvie v ugolovnom processe Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2008.
12. Kochetkova E.A. Sostjazatel’nost’ v sudebnom sledstvii po ugolovnym delam: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Voronezh, 2007.
13. Meretukov G.M. Pravovaja priroda i vidy reshenij suda pervoj instancii v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Nauchnyj zhurnal KubGAU. 2012. № 76. S. 1–26.
14. Nasonov S.A. Aktual’nye problemy sudebnogo sledstvija v sude prisjazhnyh i podhody k ih razresheniju // Aktual’nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2014. № 6.
15. Pal’chikova M.V. Opredelenija i postanovlenija suda pervoj instancii v rossijskom ugolovnom processe: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2011.
16. Pastel’njak A.V. Problema ponimanija termina «sudebnyj akt» // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2013. № 1 (43).
17. Plashevskaja A.A. Sobiranie sudom dokazatel’stv pri rassmotrenii dela po pervoj instancii v ugolovnom processe Rossii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Tomsk, 2006. S. 121.
18. Popov V.F. Sudebnoe sledstvie: Problemy optimizacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 1998.
19. Rybinskaja E.T. Funkcija suda pri rassmotrenii ugolovnogo dela // Izvestija IGJeA. 2006. № 6. S. 79–82.
20. Samohodkina O.S. Dokazyvanie pri proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam v sude pervoj instancii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Rostov n/D, 2006.
21. Seledkina N.A. Sudebnoe sledstvie v rossijskom ugolovnom processe: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2005.
22. Simak A.I. Sovremennoe sostojanie i problemy sudebnogo sledstvija v sude pervoj instancii // Nauchnyj zhurnal KubGAU. 2013. № 88(04).
23. Sokolovskaja N.S. Rol’ suda v sostjazanii storon po ugolovno-processual’nomu zakonodatel’stvu Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Tomsk, 2005. S. 10.
24. Tkacheva N.V. Polnomochija suda pri rassmotrenii i razreshenii ugolovnogo dela sudom pervoj instancii (stadija naznachenija sudebnogo zasedanija) // Vestnik JuUrGU. 2011. № 4. S. 90–94.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kalyuzhnyi A.N., Karpushkin O.S.
Classification and forensic major signs of subjects crime aimed at the freedom of the individual
Purpose: To study forensically significant features of criminals, encroaching on the freedom of the individual.
Methodology: Mainly used methods of an integrated approach, analysis, comparison, sociological,
Results: To analyze the relationship characteristics of offender with the features of the exercise of criminal activity; We investigated the position of a number of authors to the content features that characterize offender and relevant to the detection and investigation of crime; proved forensically significant signs of offender, encroaching on the freedom of the individual; classification of perpetrators of crimes of personal freedom.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has a particular scientific value and practical significance by analyzing forensically significant features of criminals, committing outrages upon personal freedom.
Keywords: identity of the perpetrator, forensically significant signs, individual freedom, the classification of the crime, the information.
References (transliterated)
1. Ahmedshin R.L. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika lichnosti prestupnika: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2006.
2. Gavrilin Ju.V. Rassledovanie prestuplenij, posjagajushhih na informacionnuju bezopasnost’ v sfere jekonomiki: teoreticheskie, organizacionno-takticheskie i metodicheskie osnovy: dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2009.
3. Demidov N.N. Izuchenie lichnosti prestupnika v processe rassledovanija: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2003.
4. Karaseva M.Ju. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost’ za prestuplenija protiv svobody lichnosti: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M, 2007.
5. Kurguzkina E.B. Teorija lichnosti prestupnika i problemy individual’noj profilaktiki prestuplenij: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. M., 2003.
6. Makarenko I.A. Kriminalisticheskoe uchenie o lichnosti nesovershennoletnego obvinjaemogo: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2006.
7. Saharov A.B. Aktual’nye voprosy uchenija o lichnosti prestupnika // Teoreticheskie problemy uchenija o lichnosti prestupnika. M., 1979. S. 10–18.
8. Tazin I.I. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika motivacionno-smyslovoj sfery lichnosti prestupnika: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Tomsk, 2006.
9. Timofeeva A.V. Kriminalisticheskoe modelirovanie neizvestnogo prestupnika po priznakam i svojstvam, oto-
brazhaemym v sledah prestuplenija: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2003.
10. Shrub M.P. Mehanizm sovershenija prestuplenij v sfere kriminal’noj torgovli zhenshhinami dlja seksual’noj jekspluatacii // Gosudarstvenno-pravovoe stroitel’stvo v Respublike Belarus’ v kontekste evropejskih pravovyh processov: materialy Mezhdunar. nauch. konferencii, Grodno, 20–21 marta 2004 g.: v 2 ch. / Grodnenskij gos. un-t; otv. red. I.V. Gushhin. Grodno, 2004. Ch. 2. S. 152–156.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Kratiuk D.A.
Role of law enforcement agencies in law enforcement in the separate kinds of activity which are subject to licensing
Purpose: Considers the function of ensuring the legality of which is included in the competence of law enforcement bodies involved in the procedure of licensing of separate kinds of activity demanding according to the current legislation of compulsory licensing.
Methodology: The formal-legal method and analysis method were used.
Results: The article considers the problems associated with the function of ensuring the legality of law enforcement bodies in the process of licensing of separate kinds of activity.
Novelty/originality/value:  Article possesses the high scientific value, so as scientific attention to the role of law enforcement agencies to ensure the rule of law in certain types of activities subject to licensing wasn’t shown.
Keywords: rule of law, licensing, law enforcement agencies , the activities subject to licensing.
References (transliterated)
1. Palamarchuk A., But N. Nadzor za ispolneniem zakonodatel’stva o licenzirovanii // Zakonnost’. 2000. № 6.
2. Bagandov A.B. Licenzionnoe pravo: ucheb.-prakt. posob. / pod red. Ju.A. Dmitrieva. M., 2004.
3. Sagindykova A.N., Kornienko O.V. Licenzirovanie negosudarstvennoj (chastnoj) ohrannoj i negosudarstvennoj (chastnoj) sysknoj dejatel’nosti. Ekaterinburg, 2011.
4. Prokurorskij nadzor za ispolneniem zakonodatel’-stva v sfere jekonomiki. M.: Akademija General’noj prokuratury RF, 2010.
5. Pravoohranitel’nye organy: teorija i praktika. 2007. № 2.
 
JUSTICE AND LAW-ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITY IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Barsukova L.I.
Contents of the charter of the religious organization and control of authorized activity
Purpose: Research of the constituent document of the religious organization – the charter for determination of its content.
Methodology: Historical and legal, sociological and formal- legal methods were used.
Results: In article the analysis of a number of the legal problems connected with contents of the charter of the religious organization and control of their authorized activity is carried out.
Novelty/originality/value: Article has the high scientific value as is one of the first attempts to consider contents of the charter of the religious organizations in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: religious organization, charter of the religious organization, control of observance of the charter.
References (transliterated)
1. Barsukova L.I. Grazhdansko-pravovaja harakteristika uchreditel’nyh dokumentov: monografija / pod red. d-ra jurid. nauk, prof. V.V. Dolinskoj. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskij: KamGU imeni Vitusa Beringa, 2014.
2. Kulagin M.A. Veshhnye prava religioznyh organizacij: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2013. S. 14.
3. O primenenii zakonodatel’stva o religioznyh ob#e-dinenijah (vmeste s «Metodicheskimi rekomendacijami po osushhestvleniju organami justicii kontrol’nyh funkcij v otnoshenii religioznyh organizacij», «Metodicheskimi rekomendacijami o primenenii organami justicii nekotoryh polozhenij Federal’nogo zakona «O svobode sovesti i o religioznyh ob#edinenijah»): Pis’mo Minjusta RF ot 24 dekabrja 1997 g. // Bjulleten’ Minjusta RF. 1998. № 7.
4. Ob osushhestvlenii Ministerstvom justicii Rossijskoj Federacii gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) v sfere de-
jatel’nosti nekommercheskih organizacij i ob jeffektivnosti takogo kontrolja (nadzora): doklady za 2012, 2013, 2014 gg. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.minjust.ru.
5. Opredelenie Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po delu № APG13-5 ot 29 maja 2013 g.
6. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25 janvarja 2012 g. № 115-O-O «Po zhalobe mestnoj religioznoj organizacii Evangel’skih hristian-baptistov goroda Mytishhi «Biblejskaja missija» na narushenie konstitucionnyh prav i svobod punktom 3 stat’i 8 Federal’nogo zakona «O svobode sovesti i o religioznyh ob#edinenijah».
7. Sadkov A.N. Religioznye organizacii kak sub#ekty grazhdanskogo prava: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2014.
8. Reshenie Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po delu № AKPI13-164 ot 27 marta 2013 g.
9. Reshenie Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po delu № AKPI13-158 ot 22 marta 2013 g.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE
Paschenko I.Y.
Problems of legal regulation of the right to be forgotten on the internet
Purpose: The article deals with the right to be forgotten (the so-called «right to oblivion») on the Internet, arising out of the precedent of the European Court Of Justice in 2014.
Methodology: Methods of formal logic and comparative and legal method were applied.
Results: The paper explores origins of the right to be forgotten. The article provides an analysis of foreign and Russian experience of legal regulation of this problem. It is concluded that the regulation of the right to be forgotten needs further improvement.
Novelty/originality/value: The specified problem of legal regulation weren’t considered earlier and in detail it wasn’t investigated in scientific literature.
Keywords: law, human rights, legal regulation, internet, information, search engines, search services, search engine operators networks.
References (transliterated)
1. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu RF, chast’ 1 (postatejnyj) / pod red. N.D. Egorova, A.P. Sergeeva. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2005.
2. Isom David. Google Search and the «Right to Be Forgotten» // A thesis submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree Master of Library and Information Science by David Isom, 2015.
3. O’Hara Kieron. The Right to Be Forgotten: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly // University of Southampton. The Digital Citizen, 2015.
4. Scott Mark. Right to Be Forgotten’ Should Apply Worldwide, E.U. Panel Says. // New York Times, November 26, 2014.
5. Rustad Michael L., Kulevska Sanna. Reconceptualizing the right to be forgotten to enable transatlantic data flow // Harvard Journal of Law & Technology. Vol. 28. Number 2, Spring 2015.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Farniev S.A.
Constitutional guarantees of freedom of mass information
Purpose: Research of constitutional legal support of activity of mass media in the Russian Federation.
Methodology: Historical and legal and formally legal methods were used.
Results: Constitutional legal support of activity of mass media urges to create activity of information streams, to create conditions for development of civil society, civilized dialogue between the power, society and citizens, and also to provide comfortable conditions for professional activity of journalists and to redirect the social conflicts to the area of constructive discussions.
Novelty/originality/value: Аrticle has the high scientific value as is one of the few attempts to consider a collision in the sphere of constitutional legal support of mass media in the Russian Federation, and also offers rational ways of elimination of a collision.
Keywords: Mass media, the Constitution, information, the rights of journalists, a collision in the right.
References (transliterated)
1. Baranovskaja E.A., Nenahova A.A. Izmenenija pravovogo regulirovanija sredstv massovoj informacii: obespechenie bezopasnosti gosudarstva ili ushhemlenie svobody slova? // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2015. № 4 (17). S. 53–55.
2. Gudvin protiv Soedinennogo Korolevstva. Sudebnoe reshenie ot 27 marta 1996 goda // Evropejskij Sud po pravam cheloveka: izbrannye reshenija: v 2 t. T. 2. / pod red. d-ra jurid. nauk, prof. V.A. Tumanova. M.: NORMA, 2000. S. 183–195.
3. Ezhevskij D.O. Pravovoe regulirovanie uchastija grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii v izbiratel’nom processe na sovremennom jetape // Pravovaja iniciativa. 2015. № 1. S. 9.
4. Kravcov A.A. Zashhita konfidencial’noj rechevoj informacii na ob#ektah kommunikacii. O primerah takogo roda problem // Izvestija Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Tehnicheskie nauki. 2013. № 3. S. 232.
5. Pozdnikin P.Ju. Zashhita chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii. Aktual’nye voprosy // Biznes v zakone: jekonomiko-juridicheskij zhurnal. 2010. № 4. S. 16.
6. Starikov V.V. Konstitucionno-pravovoe issledovanie prava na blagoprijatnuju okruzhajushhuju sredu i prava na dostovernuju informaciju o ee sostojanii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Cheljabinsk, 2012. S. 3–4.
7. Frolova I.G. Konstitucionno-pravovye garantii svobody massovoj informacii v Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2012. S. 3–4.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Lysenko E.S.
On the question of the legal form of entrepreneurial activity
Purpose: To study the theoretical concept of «organizational-legal form of entrepreneurial activity» in relation to the concepts of «optional and legal form of a business entity « and «organizational and legal form of legal entities» made own science-based concept of «organizational form of entrepreneurial activity».
Methodology: Formally-legal method was used.
Results: The article examines in detail contained in the various scientific sources judgments about the definition of «organizational and legal form of business.» By assessing the views of various scholars on the issue can sob-governmental definition of «legal form entrepreneurial activity», which is based on the conditions that allowing the course of business.
Novelty/originality/value: The article has valuable scientific novelty, because it offers its own science-based definition of «organizational and legal form of business activity.» In addition, the article presents arguments showing the differentiation of concepts «organizational-legal form of enterprise, entrepreneurial activity», «organizational and legal form of business entities» and «organizational and legal form of legal entities.»
Keywords: entrepreneurial activity, organizational and legal form of subjects entrepreneurship, organizational and legal form Legal Aid-ing people, business environment.
References (transliterated)
1. Dolinskaja V.V. Organizacionno-pravovye formy hozjajstvovanija: sistema i novel-ly // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2016. № 1. S. 13–22.
2. Zhilinskij S.Je. Predprinimatel’skoe pravo (pravo-vaja osnova predprinimatel’-skoj dejatel’nosti). 8-e izd., peresmotr. i dop. M.: Norma, 2007. S. 163.
3. Igbaeva G.R. Strahovoe zakonodatel’stvo v Rossii: ponjatie, istochniki // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. 2007. № 18. S. 3–5.
4. Korporativnoe pravo: uchebnik / E.G. Afanas’eva, V.Ju. Bakshinskas, E.P. Gubin i dr.; otv. red. I.S. Shitkina. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M: KNORUS, 2015. S. 28, 172.
5. Martem’janov V.S. Hozjajstvennoe pravo. M., 1994. T. 1. S. 75.
6. Molchanova N.A. Problemy vybora organizacionno-pravovoj formy vedenija pred-prinimatel’skoj dejatel’nosti: voprosy teorii i pravoprimenitel’noj praktiki // Rossijskij sud’ja. 2013. № 8. S. 21–25.
7. Predprinimatel’skoe (hozjajstvennoe) pravo / pod red. O.M. Olejnik. M., 1999. T. 1. S. 165–166.
8. Rashkina Ju.K. Izmenenija v obshhih pravilah o rastorzhenii dogovora: osobennosti primenenija i tolkovanija // Obrazovanie i pravo. 2015. № 11 (75). S. 16–19.
9. Tihomirov M.Ju. Individual’nyj predprinimatel’: garantii dejatel’nosti, novyj porjadok gosudarstvennoj registracii. M., 2004. S. 24.
10. Chornovol E.P., Goloviznin A.V. Klassifikacija predprinimatel’skoj dejatel’nosti na formy i vidy // Vestnik arbitrazhnoj praktiki. 2015. № 6. S. 20–29.
 
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF LAW SCIENCE AND PRACTICE
Verin A.Y.
Juvenile legal interests realization
Purpose: To determine the aspects of realisation of a juvenile’s legal interests as opposed to rights, freedom, and duties.
Methodology: The author used different methods: from general (i.e. logic, historic, and systemic) to specific (i.e. regular-legal, comparative and legal).
Results: The review of literature and regulatory legal acts of various fields contributes to research conclusions. Firstly, legal interests, in line with legal rights and freedom, act as a structural element of a juvenile legal status. Secondly, classified according to contracting parties, the rights’ exercise falls into direct and indirect. Legal interest is viewed as a criterion to determine contracting parties of the latter. Thirdly, the specific form of a juvenile legal status realisation implies his / her legal interests in legal relations among other subjects, who have to act in the interests of a juvenile.
Novelty/originality/value: In legal science, the structure of a juvenile legal status contains hardly any legal interests and the number of research works on the aspects of the juvenile rights exercise is low.
Keywords: legal interests, a juvenile, legal situation, legal relationships, a subject of rights exercise.
References (transliterated)
1. Vitruk N.V. Obshhaja teorija pravovogo polozhenija lichnosti. M.: Norma, 2008. S. 224.
2. Gorshunov D.N. Interes v chastnom prave: voprosy teorii: monografija. Kazan’: Kazanskij gosudarstvennyj universitet im. V.I. Ul’janova-Lenina, 2005. S. 69.
3. Ioffe O.S. Razvitie civilisticheskoj mysli v SSSR. Ch. 1. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1975. S. 14.
4. Manankova R.P. O pravovom statuse grazhdanina SSSR // Voprosy sovershenstvovanija grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovanija / red. V.N. Shheglov i dr. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo universiteta, 1983. S. 63–68.
5. Pershina I.V. Interes v prave: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2002. S. 9.
6. Pogodin A.V. Jelementy teorii pravorealizacii: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. Kazan’, 2014.
7. Pogodin A.V. Ponjatie pravorealizacii // Pravovoe regulirovanie i pravorealizacija / L.T. Bakulina, I.G. Gorbachev, D.N. Gorshunov i dr.; nauch. red. Ju.S. Reshetov. Kazan’: Izd-vo Kazan. gos. un-ta, 2008. S. 107–108.
8. Prava cheloveka: Uchebnik dlja vuzov / otv. red. E.A. Lukasheva. M.: NORMA, 2002. S. 92.
9. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. posob. / pod red. M.N. Marchenko. M.: Jurist’, 2004. S. 375.
10. Smirnova M.G. Social’nye pritjazanija i zakonnye interesy: problemy sootnoshenija i vzaimodejstvija // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2008. № 4. S. 40.
11. Subochev V.V. Teorija zakonnyh interesov: avtoref. dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. Tambov, 2009.
12. Shigabutdinova A.L. Pravosub#ektnost’ i realizacija prava: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Kazan’: Izd-vo Kazan. un-ta, 2011. S. 136–141.
 
EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCE
Nemudraya S.V.
Business assessment: concept, maintenance, approaches
Purpose: Consideration of topical issues of an assessment of business.
Methodology: The author applied a formal-legal method, a method of the included supervision.
Results: In article the general maintenance of an assessment of business, and also an essence of the main approaches to this process is analyzed.
Novelty/originality/value: Work is of a certain scientific value as is attempt of the modern analysis of an assessment of business in Russia.
Keywords: estimated activity, assessment, business assessment.
References (transliterated)
1. Alehin M.V. Ocenka biznesa. Sistemnyj podhod k ocenke biznesa korporacii // Vestnik Shadrinskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo instituta. 2015. № 1 (25). S. 97–99.
2. Garaev I.G. Ocenka dobrosovestnosti dejstvij nalo-goplatel’shhika pri droblenii biznesa // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2013. № 1 (2). S. 118–121.

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